Ice Breakers

Report
Ice Breakers
Derrick Newby MPA
Objectives
• Participants will learn a common definition of
Icebreaker
• Participants will learn how to develop Icebreakers
• Participants will learn the appropriate time to utilize
Icebreakers to enhance training
What are Icebreakers?
Icebreakers are structured activities that are designed
to:
• relax learners,
• introduce them to each other,
• and energize them in what is normally an unduly
formal atmosphere or situation
The Term Icebreaker
• comes from “break the ice,”
• which in turn comes from special ships called
“icebreakers” that are designed to break up ice in
the arctic regions.
Icebreaker vs. Opener
• Icebreakers are not normally related to the subject
matter
• “openers” are related to the subject matter that is
to be discussed
Ex: In a medical conference having people to
introduce themselves and say their medical
profession.
Icebreaker vs. Review
• Icebreakers are used to start a learning session
• Reviews are used in the closing of a session or
module. They help to reinforce key concepts or
topics.
Ex: Having participants to write down 3 things they
learned on index card, passing cards around and
having participants read cards.
Motivators vs. Icebreakers
• Motivators are designed to help encourage the
learners.
• Motivators are not done at the beginning but done
periodically to stimulate the group.
Why use Ice Breakers?
•
•
•
•
•
•
To Warm up your audience
Create Interest
Reduce tension
Learn about your audience
Help your audience learn about each other
Breakdown social barriers
When to use Icebreakers
• Cold Audience
• Mixed specialty audience
• Guest speaker that group may not know
What if your group is
over stimulated?
Use a Calm Down!
• Have the learners lay their heads on their desks or
table or simple close eyes.
• Have them reflect on what they have just learned.
• After about 3 minutes, say a key word or short
phase and have them reflect on it for a couple of
minutes.
• Repeat one or two more times then gather the
group into a circle and have them share what they
believe is the most important points of the training.
Types of Icebreakers
•
•
•
•
Get acquainted
Scavenger Hunt
Meet and Greet
Expectations
Get acquainted
• Allows for an exchange of interpersonal information
that decreases anxiety
Scavenger Hunt
• Facilitates interactions among all participants and
promotes healthy competition.
Meet and Greet
• Allows for an open exchange of information
• Non-threatening
Expectations
• Allows open feed back to presenter allowing them
the opportunity to adjust and meet the needs of
the audience.
Examples of ice breakers
Marooned
• Break group into 5 member teams.
• State “You are marooned on a island. What five
items would you have brought with you if you knew
there was a chance that you might be stranded.”
• State, “only five items per team, not per person.”
• Have them write the groups 5 items on a flip chart
and as they discuss and defend their choices with
the whole group.
• This activity helps them to learn about other's values
and problem solving styles and promotes
teamwork.
The Interview
• Break the group into two-person teams (have them
pick a partner that they know the least about).
• Have them interview each other for about 5
minutes.
• They need to learn about what each other likes,
past jobs, family life, hobbies, favorite sport, etc.
• After the interviews, reassemble the group and
have each team introduce their team member to
the group.
• This exercise helps them to learn about each other
on a personal level and helps develop trust.
Who Done That?
• Prior to the meeting, make a list of about 25 items relating to
work and home life. For example, a list for a group of trainers
might have some of the following: Developed a computer
training course, has delivered coaching classes, spoken at
national conference, etc.
• Ensure there is plenty of space below each item (3 or 4 lines)
and then make enough copies for each person.
• Give each person a copy of the list and have them find
someone who can sign one of the lines. Have them to write a
phone number next to their names.
• Allow about 15 minutes for the activity and give prizes for the
first one completed, most names (you can have more that
one name next to an item), last one completed, etc.
• This activity provides participants with a contact list of experts
and helps them to learn about each other.
Tips for developing
Icebreaker
•
•
•
•
•
Appropriate
Simple
Fun
Creative
Clear Instructions
Think before you act and choose your
icebreaker wisely.
Finish the Sentence
• Go around the room and have each person
complete one of these sentences (or something
similar): The best job I ever had was... , The worst
project I ever worked on was... , The riskiest thing I
ever did was...
This is a risky icebreaker, so choose the questions
wisely. As not to increase tension.
Do’s
• use icebreakers to create a more relaxed environment.
• use icebreakers as topic lead-ins during class and
meetings.
• choose the right game for the right group.
• make sure that you have the right amount of people for
the game that you choose.
• make the instructions for the icebreaker as simple as
possible.
• keep your eye on the participants. Make sure that they
are having fun.
• be ready to improvise if necessary.
• have a back-up plan. If the icebreaker isn’t working, you
will need it.
Do not’s
• Don’t introduce an icebreaker game that will make
others uncomfortable- physically or mentally.
• Don’t underestimate the time it will take to
complete the icebreaker game or activity.
(overestimate)
• Don’t forget to bring all of the materials that you
need.
• Don’t force people to participate.
• Don’t forget to keep track of which ice breakers
work and which ones don’t.
• Don’t choose complicated icebreakers. Keep it
simple.
Video
• http://youtu.be/o74h-JqCbqU
What influences your
choice of icebreaker?
•Size of audience
•Skill level of audience
•Allotted time for
training
•Location
Your time to shine
• Choose a partner
• Decide what you want your icebreaker to
accomplish
• Create an icebreaker (5 min.)
• Report back to group –Name of Icebreaker,
objective, directions
• Rate the ice breaker 1-5
• Best score wins a prize.
Icebreakers keep them
motivated.
Summary
•
•
•
•
Ice Breakers are great tools
Choose your Ice Breaker carefully
Have options based on audience size
Ask your audience for feed back
References
• The speakers Trainer www.thespeakerstrainer.com
• Icebreakers- The Do's and Don'ts of Icebreakers
www.businessmajors.about.com/od/studentresourc
es/a/icebreakers.htm

similar documents