Antarctic Creatures - Newcastle Prep School

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Antarctic Creatures
 By Lottie 
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Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Krill
Squid
Fish including ice and tooth fish.
Humpback whale
Emperor Penguin
Crabeater Seal
Adelie penguin
Petrel
Killer whale
Leopard seal
Phytoplankton
• Phytoplankton are eaten by
Zooplankton.
• As Phytoplankton are Plants they make their own
food.
• Some phytoplankton are bacteria, some are protists,
but most are single-celled plants.
• Phytoplankton are the microscopic plants in the
oceans.
• Phytoplankton start the food chain.
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Zooplankton
• Zooplankton are eaten by
krill.
• Zooplankton are some of the small animals of
the sea.
• Zooplankton are second in the food chain.
• Zooplankton are the primary consumers of the
oceans and graze on phytoplankton.
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Krill
• Krill are small animals that
eat zooplankton.
• The average length for a krill
is two inches.
• Scientists estimate that the total weight of all the
Antarctic krill is more than the total weight of all
humans on Earth.
• Squid, Humpback Whales and ice fish and tooth
fish eat krill.
• Krill are invertebrates.
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Squid
• Squid are eaten by tooth fish
and emperor penguins.
• Squid eat Zooplankton and Krill.
• Squid are Carnivores.
• All squid are invertebrates as they have no
backbone.
• The biggest squid recorded in Antarctica was
10 meters long and weighed 450 kilograms.
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Fish (including Ice Fish and tooth fish)
• Fish eat a range Squid and krill.
• The fish are eaten by Emperor penguins,
Crabeater seals, Adelie penguins, Humpback
Whales and Petrels.
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Humpback Whale
• Humpback Whales eat hundreds of krill.
• Nothing eats a Humpback whale because it is
too big.
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Emperor Penguin
• Emperor Penguins eat Krill, Squid and Fish.
• Killer whales and Leopard seals eat Emperor
Penguins.
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Crabeater Seal
• Crabeater Seals Eat Krill, Fish and Squid.
• Killer Whales and Leopard Seals eat Crabeater
Seals.
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Adelie Penguins
• Adelie Penguins eat Krill and Fish.
• Killer Whales and Leopard Seals eat Adelie
Penguins.
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Petrel
• Petrel eat Ice Fish and Tooth fish.
• Leopard seals eat Petrels.
• Because Petrels fly they escape some
Predators.
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Killer Whale
• Killer Whales eat Adelie Penguins, Crabeater
Seals and Emperor Penguins.
• Killer Whales are Predators.
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Leopard Seal
• Leopard Seals eat emperor Penguins,
Crabeater Seals, Adelie Penguins and Petrels.
• Leopard seals are Predators.
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King Penguin
• The King Penguin is the 2nd largest Species of
penguin. Only smaller than the emperor
Penguin.
• The King Penguin eats Fish and Squid.
• King Penguins are eaten by Leopard Seals and
Killer Whales.
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Sea Cucumber
• Sea Cucumber are eaten by Fish.
• Sea Cucumber eat Bacteria and other tiny
organisms.
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