Solar Power

Report
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES FOR
SOLAR POWER
What are the perspectives for solar energy?
What are the successful business models and stimulus?
H. Serhan Süzer
October 29, 2013
Content
 ENERGY DEMAND - CHALLENGES
 World Population at its peak, still increasing
 Energy Consumption increasing at an increasing rate
 Energy Consumption per Capita
 ENERGY SUPPLY - SOLUTIONS
 What are the major differences between Fossil Fuels and Renewable
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Energy?
Solar Power
Baseload Issue
Case Study: Desertec
Solar Resources in EUMENA
Wind Resources in EUMENA
Examples from 4 Countries: Germany, Greece, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Solar Power could power the Entire World
Energy Vision for All Countries
World Population at its peak, still increasing
Figure 1.World Population, based primarily Angus Maddison estimates,
interpolated where necessary.
Energy Consumption increasing at an increasing rate
Figure 2.World Energy Consumption by Source, Based onVaclav Smil
estimates from Energy Transitions: History, Requirements and Prospects
together with BP Statistical Data for 1965 and subsequent
Energy Consumption mostly Fossil Fuels
Figure 3. Per capita world energy consumption, calculated by dividing
world energy consumption shown in Figure 1 by population estimates,
based on Angus Maddison data.
IMPORTANT QUESTION:
What are the major differences between Fossil Fuels and
Renewable Energy?
Democracy, Peace, Carbon Footprint
Solar Power
PV (Photovoltaic)
1.
Utility Scale
a)
I.
II.
b)
Crystalline
Thin Film
Distributed Generation
(mostly Crystalline)
Solar Power
Solar Thermal
2.
Water Heaters
CSP (Concentrating Solar Power)
a)
b)
Utility Scale (for power generation)
I.
Parabolic Trough
II.
Tower
III. Linear Fresnel
IV. Stirling Dish
II.
Hybrid Systems
III. Micro CSP
i.
Cooling & Heating
ii.
Steam Use
I.
3.
CPV (Concentrating Photovoltaic)
BASELOAD ISSUE
Baseload to be provided by Solar Power
Heat Storage
2. Power Storage
1.
Baseload to be provided by Other Renewables
Biomass/Biofuel
2. Geothermal
3. Hydro
1.
CASE STUDY: DESERTEC
DESERTEC is a project supported by a foundation
of the same name and the consortium Dii (Desertec
industrial initiative) created in Germany as a limited
liability company (Gmbh).The project aims at
creating a global renewable energy plan based on
the concept of harnessing sustainable power from
sites where renewable sources of energy are more
abundant and transferring it through high-voltage
direct current transmission to consumption centers.
Europe and MENA both need a secure,
affordable and clean supply of electricity. All
countries benefit from access to affordable
renewable energy, the creation of new
industries and reduced cost of
decarbonization.
The Desertec Project shows that the MENA region would be able to meet its
needs for power with renewable energy, while exporting its excess power to
create an export industry with an annual volume of more than €60 billion.
Meanwhile, by importing desert power, Europe could save around €30/MWh.
SOLAR RESOURCES IN EUMENA
Figure 4 shows the
availability of excellent
solar resources in
MENA. Prime sites can
be found everywhere in
the region, from the
High Atlas and Tell
Atlas in the Maghreb to
the Asir Mountains in
Saudi Arabia.
Figure 4: Solar resources in the EUMENA region
WIND RESOURCES IN EUMENA
Less widely known, but
no less important,
MENA also has favorable
wind conditions, as
depicted in Figure 5.
Exceptional wind
potentials can be found,
for example, on
Morocco’s Atlantic coast
and the Red Sea.
Furthermore, the entire
continent, stretching
between these two
coasts, hosts attractive
sites for wind power
generation
Figure 5: Wind resources in the EUMENA region
VISIONARY COUNTRY: GERMANY
 Responsibly managed
Germany's phase-out of nuclear
power will lead to a new
reliance on renewable energy.
 Germany needs 3,800
kilometers by 2022 in new
power lines in order to prepare
for the country's planned
nuclear phase-out, the
country's main grid operators
announced last year.
 Amid criticism that her energy
revolution has stalled,
Chancellor Angela Merkel has
called for faster grid expansion
which will cost about €20
billion over the next 10 years.
The percentage of solar, wind, hydro and biomass
energy in the country is expected to increase by 35
percent by 2020, as the country prepares for the
phase-out of nuclear energy announced by Chancellor
Angela Merkel after the Fukushima nuclear
catastrophe last year. Germany currently has an
installed capacity of more than 35 GW of Solar Power.
SOLAR ENERGY COULD POWER THE ENTIRE WORLD
Source: Wikipedia. The red squares represent the area that would be enough for solar power
plants to produce a quantity of electricity consumed by the world today, in Europe (EU-25) and
Germany (De). (Data provided by the German Aerospace Centre (DLR), 2005
TURKEY – Economic Consequences of
Energy Importation
 Current account deficit
National expenditure > Domestic production
90
80
70
60
50
Current account
deficit (Billion $)
40
30
Amount paid for
energy import
(Billion $)
20
10
0
2011
2012
TURKEY – Renewable Energy Law
December 2012: New regulations and legislations on renewable energy production
June 2013: License applications collected for the first 600 MW solar power plant.
The limit for unlicensed electricity production increased from 500 kW to 1MW
Regulation for unlicensed projects published in October 2013.
TURKEY – Potential
•
•
•
•
Installed capacity of less than 15 MW,
Second highest solar irradiation in Europe after Spain
than Germany,
Solar Energy potential of 380 billion kWh/year,
Total Installed Capacity of 60 GW.
Energy Vision for All Countries
1. %100 Renewable Energy
2. Utilizing fossil fuels as «Raw Materials»
3. Energy Efficiency,
4. City Planning and changing the arcitectural design of housing,
6. Solar Electric Vehicles to be utilized,
7. Everything can be utilized within the natural cycle and could be
sustainable (excess heat),
8. Micro Grid Systems (Distributed Generation) and Inter Grid Lines
9. Full Support for all the R&D Efforts from public and private sectors.
Pura Vida!
H. Serhan Süzer
Honorary Consul of Costa Rica
Member of Greenpeace
Founder of Turkish Foodbank Association
Süzer Group’s 3rd Generation Executive
CEO of Eko Renewable Energy Inc.
Personal Blog: serhansuzer.com

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