PowerPoint-presentatie - Food Security Clusters

Report
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- INTRODUCTION
1. Objectives
2. Cluster Background
3. Coordinator and
IMO
4. Country-level
architectures
Food Security Cluster
2
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- OBJECTIVES
1. Cluster Background and TOR
2. Cluster Coordinator and
Information Management
Officer
3. Country-level architectures
Food Security Cluster
3
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER
RELEVANCE
Why is this subject covered?
Cluster staff need to understand the background and
principles of their organization, the different forms this
organization can take, and their own roles within it.
How does this relate to my day to day tasks?
The FSC TOR and the position TORs define what
tasks are actually expected of the CC and IMO.
Food Security Cluster
4
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- BACKGROUND
“…integrating food aid, agricultural issues and other
livelihood interventions and addressing institutional
and policy issues at the political level.”
“…extensive consultation by FAO/WFP with NGOs,
the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, other
humanitarian clusters and Members….”
15 December 2010
Food Security Cluster
5
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- GLOBAL
gFSC
Purpose:
gFSC Purpose:
•
Represent FSC in various
global fora
•
Ensure performance of
country-level clusters
FSC
gFSC Activities:
1. Short term surge support
2. Tools and guidance

Pre-deployment
briefings
3. Capacity development
gFSC
gFSCAccountability
Accountability:
• Emergency Relief
Coordinator
Food Security Cluster
4. Information management
support
5. Support to national and
global advocacy efforts
6
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- COUNTRY-LEVEL
FSC
FSCPurpose:
Purpose:
FSC
FSC
FSCAccountability:
Accountability:
• Ensure and
• Humanitarian
improve
Coordinator
effectiveness and
• Affected population
efficiency of food
• (Donors)
security response
• (Members)
in emergency
situations
Food Security Cluster
7
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- COUNTRY LEVEL TOR
Guidance for
Coordination
Actions
Coordinated
What does the FSC do?
1.
Ensure predictable and accountable leadership
2.
Represent the food security community in the different country level fora
3.
Support coordination in assessment planning and response, strategy
4.
Develop benchmarks and indicators
5.
Advocacy for entire food security community, not just specific partners
6.
Strengthen national/local systems
7.
Ensure Quality of response, promotion of appropriate standards and
delivery of services
8.
Ensure shared understanding of early recovery
9.
Learn and build upon best practices
10. Ensure partnership and inclusiveness
Food Security Cluster
8
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- BACKGROUND
Question:
How does the FSC ensure accountability to affected
population with regard to the following:
1. Leadership/Governance
2. Transparency
3. Feedback and Complaints
4. Participation
5. Design, Monitoring, and Evaluation
Food Security Cluster
9
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- ARCHITECTURE
“The worst thing we can do is a take a blue-print
approach – people feel overwhelmed with OCHA coming
in with a set cluster roll out without any space for
negotiation.”
Flexibility
Food Security Cluster
10
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- ARCHITECTURE
Integration of FS Issues
Leadership
• Joint cluster
• Co-lead
• Separate clusters: food,
• Single agency
agriculture, food and
• Government led?
livelihoods
Joint Integration
Co-Lead
Alternating Lead
Individual Lead
Food Security Cluster
Libya
Separate Issues
CAR (FAO and ACF)
Sri Lanka, Ivory Coast
Somalia
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Food Security Cluster
12
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- ARCHITECTURE
Question:
How is cluster co-leadership managed?
•
No one model
•
Co-leadership vs. co-facilitation/co-chair of mtgs.
•
Effective and efficient leadership most important
•
Education Cluster example:
1.
Assess presence, capacity, and working relationships
2.
Agree upon single, joint, or government lead
3.
Agree upon accountability and reporting (HC/RC, HCT, Population)
4.
Prepare MoU clearly stating arrangements
5.
Address PoLR and roles of CLAs
6.
Disseminate details
Food Security Cluster
13
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- CC AND
IMO
Coordinator
“Facilitate…a timely, coherent, and effective food
security response by mobilizing stakeholders to respond
in a strategic manner to a humanitarian crisis…”
“…work impartially with all members of the Food
Security Cluster and serves and represents the group as
a whole, not an agency.”
“…work closely with the UN Humanitarian/Resident
Coordinator or their designated official as required.”
Food Security Cluster
14
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- CC AND
IMO
Information
Manager
“…plays a vital role in collecting, analysing, and sharing
information that is important for the cluster
stakeholders to make informed (evidence based)
strategic decisions…”
“…supports the Food Security Cluster Coordinator by
supporting the cluster with the data and information
it requires to make programmatic decisions.”
Food Security Cluster
15
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- CC AND
IMO
Question:
What impartiality challenges might the
“double-hatted” cluster coordinator face?
How can the coordinator mitigate them?
Food Security Cluster
16
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- ARCHITECTURE
Question:
How is inter-cluster coordination
managed? How does this work?
How can it be improved?
Food Security Cluster
17
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER
RELEVANCE
Why is this subject covered?
Cluster staff need to understand the background and
principles of their organization, the different forms this
organization can take, and their own roles within it.
How does this relate to my day to day tasks?
The FSC TOR and the position TORs define what tasks
are actually expected of the CC and IMO.
Food Security Cluster
18
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER
FOOD SECURITY CLUSTER- TIMELINE
HC Consults
with Partners
FSC Staffed
Event Occurs
HC/HCT
Established
Clusters
Implemented,
CLAs
Established
• Exit Strategy and
Government
Food Security Cluster
FSC Deactivated
• Retaining
“Dormant” Clusters
20

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