Lesson12 Surah Baqarah-Presentation

Ayahs 63 – 73
• Learned about Mann and Salwa
• Not making food an obsession or central goal
of life
• Every tribe had its own place of drinking water
(learned organization and discipline in a
• Learned the remarkable traits of Musa A.S. as
a leader
• Continuing on with the story of Bani Israel
(still in the desert)
• Musa A.S. given the Torah
• Concept of the Sabbath
• Story of the Cow (Baqarah)
• Asking too many questions
And [recall] when We took your covenant,
[O Children of Israel, to abide by the Torah]
and We raised over you the mount, [saying],
"Take what We have given you with
determination and remember what is in it
that perhaps you may become righteous
(develop taqwa)."
Waaw Thaa Qaaf – a rope with which a prisoner
is tied; in this context it means a contract in
which both parties bind each other
1. a contract that is formal
2. lays responsibility upon the person making
the contract
3. made firm by swearing an oath
• Toor – 1. in Syriac language means a mountain
with dense, lush green trees, therefore its not
rocky 2. Proper name of Mount Sinai
• Allah SWT physically lifted the mountain over
their heads; suspended over their heads
• Its as if…are you going to believe now or not?
Because they continually denied even after
receiving so many blessings
• Qaaf Waaw Yaa – 1. strength that is physical;
force 2. intangible strength: firm resolution;
• Dhaal Kaaf Raa – implementing the book;
doing the actions means that you remember
the commands
• The entire book should be recited and
followed; do this so you attain Taqwa (develop
fear and hope in Allah)
Hold it
to Refer
back to it
Follow its
Take it
& Awareness of
Conscious of
Your Deeds
Abstinence from
Difficulties in
this world
Difficulties of
Hold On to
the Book
Then you turned away after that. And
if not for the favor of Allah upon you
and His mercy, you would have been
among the losers.
• Waaw Laam Yaa – to turn away physically
from something after making the promise;
couldn’t see the commands
• Faa Daawd Laam – used for something extra
(what you don’t necessarily deserve); it’s a
• Refers to the Bani Israel not being punished
When we are in trouble, we make promises with
Allah, Once we are out of it, we forget
The respite, the delay is a special mercy from
Its Allah’s Fadl that we are here in a gathering of
Our life should be spent with this book  ‫ون‬
َ ُ‫لَ َعلَّ ُك ْم َت َّتق‬
Analyze Yourself!
• With what level of Quwa (strength) am I
holding on to the Qu’ran?
• - No reading, only know it’s the truth
– Reading only
– Reading with Tajweed
– Reading and Understanding
– Reading, Understanding, Implementing
– Reading, Understanding, Implementing and
Teaching (forwarding the message to others)
And you had already known
about those who transgressed
among you concerning the
Sabbath, and We said to them,
"Be apes, despised."
• Seen Baa Taa – to cut something; Sabth: used
for Saturday; this was a holy day for the Bani
Israel. They would cut themselves off from all
types of work and do only ibaadah (worship).
But they wanted to work everyday
• Khaa Seen Hamza – those who are humiliated
and kicked out; Allah SWT disfigured their
Holy Day
to Fish
Day of
No Work
We shouldn’t prefer this World over
We should not leave our Faraidh for some
more work hours
They changed the commands of Allah,
and Allah changed their appearance
We should trust Allah, that He will
provide us
• Were literally turned into apes, and they knew
they had been (mentally they were humans)
Do not do what the Jews did that they
made the things that Allah made haram
halal upon themselves through trickery,
Sabbath Elevator
And We made it a deterrent
punishment for those who were
present and those who succeeded
[them] and a lesson for those who fear
• Noon Kaaf Laam – neck collar; purpose is to
restrain; it’s a warning punishment so we
don’t return to the action again; a punishment
that’s severe and also becomes an example for
others as well
• Baina Yadaaiha –
• 1. the people of the nearby cities
• 2. the rest of the people who didn’t turn into
ِ‫نَ ََك ال‬
ِ‫َم ْوع َظ اة‬
Trickery & Deceit is forbidden
If someone disobeys Allah through his actions but in his
speech he says that he is obeying Allah, he is misguided
Intelligent is the one who takes the word of Allah as it is
and does not misinterpret it.
Allah can make anyone a deterrent Example for Others
They changed Allah’s Commands, Allah changed their
And [recall] when Moses said to his
people, "Indeed, Allah commands
you to slaughter a cow." They said,
"Do you take us in ridicule?" He said,
"I seek refuge in Allah from being
among the ignorant."
• Baa Qaaf Raaw – lit. to cut something open;
cows that are used for plowing
• Context: The Bani Israel were told to slaughter
any cow but they asked many questions. Why
were they told to slaughter a cow?
• 1. to rid them of the love of the cow they had
in their hearts (golden calf)
• 2. a person from among the Bani Israel was
killed and didn’t know who the culprit was
• Response of the Bani Israel: are you serious?
Are you messing with us?
• Response of Musa A.S. : I seek refuge from the
– Person who does not know
– Person has incorrect knowledge, but he/she thinks
its true
– Person doesn’t act on the knowledge
True knowledge is Action
When any command comes, we should submit
We should honor the commands of Allah, we
should take them seriously
Beautiful Response of Musa, He didn’t argue
back rather he sought refuge in Allah
They said, "Call upon your Lord to make
clear to us what it is." [Moses] said, "[
Allah ] says, 'It is a cow which is neither
old nor young, but median between that,'
so do what you are commanded."
• Faa Raaw Daawd – cutting something that is
firm; cutting/reducing the meat/flesh; used
for a cow that has crossed its youth, therefore,
not much meat
• Baa Kaaf Raaw – for female cows; hasn’t given
birth yet
• Aain Waw Noon – has given birth but not too
Questioning starts…
How old should this cow
What should the colour
What type should it be
(what kind)
Delaying Tactics are very obvious
An arrogant & carefree attitude towards
Messenger, does not make him/his ways
(sunnah) less important
They made things difficult upon
themselves, so Allah made it difficult
upon them.
They said, "Call upon your
Lord to show us what is her
color." He said, "He says, 'It is
a yellow cow, bright in color pleasing to the observers.' "
They said, "Call upon your Lord to
make clear to us what it is. Indeed,
[all] cows look alike to us. And
indeed we, if Allah wills, will be
Do not make excuses, do not argue – if Allah
has said so, then do it. sami’naa wa ata’naa.
A person should not delay in doing good
Importance of Insha’Allah
No Blames – No Excuses – Show results
[M AlShareef]
He said, "He says, 'It is a cow neither
trained to plough the earth nor to
irrigate the field, one free from fault with
no spot upon her.' " They said, "Now you
have come with the truth." So they
slaughtered her, but they could hardly
do it.
• Dhaal Laam Laam – an animal that has been
trained to do work; a wild cow
• Thaa Waw Raaw – to stir something; for land,
it means to dig the eart
• Seen Laam Meem – free from any defect; free
from all faults
• Waaw Sheen Yaa – something that is
contrasted to the thing its on; for animals, its
used for spots; cow should be one colour
• They said “now you have made the truth
clear”…so before it wasn’t?
• Now we know that you’re not joking with us
about slaughtering…but would a Prophet of
Allah ever joke about something like this?
• Kaaf Waw Daal – at the verge of happening;
they almost didn’t slaughter it
Do not ask questions that would
make the simple Deen difficult.
Too many questions are not liked
Allah dislikes for you three things:
1) Qeel wa Qaal [He said, she said]
2) Wasting wealth
3) Asking too many questions.
• Obey the commands of Allah right away
• Don’t take the commands of Allah lightly
• Bani Israel at the time of the Prophet SAW
would ask him a lot of random questions to
make sure he was a prophet, so they are being
• Making fun of people is a sign of ignorance
And [recall] when you slew a
man and disputed over it, but
Allah was to bring out that
which you were concealing.
• Daal Raaw Hamza – to push something away;
you were pushing something onto one
another  hurling the blame on each other
because the murderer was not being found
So, We said, "Strike the slain man
with part of it." Thus does Allah
bring the dead to life, and He
shows you His signs that you
might reason.
• They were told, hit the dead man with some
part of the cow. As a result, the man came to
life and told them who the killer was and then
died again
• Another miracle for them  Allah can bring
back the dead to life
• Truth will always be exposed
Bringing it all back…
• Keeping our covenant with Allah SWT by
holding on to the Qu’ran
• Your focus will become following the Qu’ran
and sunnah and this will keep you away from
excessive questioning
• The beauty of a person’s Islam is that he/she
leaves what does not concern him/her

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