Air quality e-Reporting basics: Concepts, data model

Report
Air quality e-Reporting basics
Concepts, data model & resources to support users
Tony Bush
ETC/ACM AQ e-Reporting task leader
18th EIONET Workshop - Dublin, 24th and 25th October 2013
European Environment Agency
Introduction
• Air Quality e-Reporting objectives
• Air Quality e-Reporting reasons for being
• INSPIRE fundamentals
• Redesigning the Air Quality data model for reporting
• What it means in practise
• Data model basics
• Introducing resources to support users
European Environment Agency
Air Quality e-Reporting objectives
• To replace old rules for regulatory and informative information on air
quality to the Commission
• To upgrade standards for data encoding and sharing
• To streamline duplication in reporting data flows
• To reinforce internal consistency in regulatory data flows
• To embark on the first steps towards INSPIRE for Air Quality and to
support information sharing and the SEIS
European Environment Agency
Air Quality Directive and connections with INSPIRE
AQ e-Reporting stems from Directive 2008/50/EC in relation to air quality
Article 28 on implementing measures
“…shall identify ways of streamlining the way data are reported and the reciprocal
exchange of information data from networks and individual stations measuring ambient
air pollution”
The 23rd whereas of the Directive
“…It is necessary to adapt procedures for data provision assessment and reporting of air
quality to enable electronic means and the Internet… compatible with Directive
2007/2/EC (INSPIRE)”
European Environment Agency
INSPIRE fundamentals
•
INSPIRE: Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe
•
The INSPIRE Directive aims to facilitate better environmental policy across the EU.
This will be achieved by:
joining up access to spatial data across the EU at all levels
facilitating improvements in the sharing of spatial data
improving public access to spatial data
•
Establishes an infrastructure for spatial information to
achieve this
•
Environmental impacts do not respect borders
•
Environmental policy needs to be based on robust evidence
European Environment Agency
Redesigning the Air Quality data model and vocabulary
•
INSPIRE prescribes a IT standards based approach to modelling real-world AQ
object
•
Unified Modelling Language (UML) to develop the AQ e-Reporting data model
•
The UML data model is used to generate a XML schema document (XSD)
•
The AirQualityReporting.xsd defines and describes the components & structure of
XML documents used to report AQ
UML class diagrams
model the real world
Software converts
UML to XSD
XSD & data combined to
generate XML report
by AQUI or databases
XML report sent to
Eionet CDR
European Environment Agency
Redesigning the Air Quality data model
•
Modelling AQ data model using UML brings
• Streamlining of the data model
• Removal of duplicate information
•
AQ e-Reporting data model
•
•
•
Spatial / geographical data
Monitoring facilities
Observational data


•
•
•
8 broad AQ data themes
AQ zones
Assessment
regimes
AQ Plans
Measurements
Modelling
Area management information
Statistical & regulatory information
Attainment
information
AQ data
model
Assessment
methods
IT standards
•
Bring interoperability
Aggregated
data
Primary
UTD data
Primary
validated
data
European Environment Agency
Air Quality Implementing Rules for e-Reporting
•
AQ e-Reporting IPR describes the process,
rules, formats and procedures for reporting
air quality information
•
Established as a legal obligation by the
Commission Implementing Decision
2011/850/EU
http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:335:0086
:0106:EN:PDF
•
Draws down mandatory & non-mandatory
obligations and data specifications under
AQ regulations
INSPIRE regulations
European Environment Agency
What does it mean in practice ?
•
•
Human readable reports & report content
Decision 2004/461/EC, spreadsheet template Form 2 (+ shapefiles)
Form 2 Delimitation of zones and agglomerations (96/62/EC Articles 5 and 11(1b) and 2008/50/EC Articles 4 and 22)
Zones
Grea ter London
Urba n Area
Wes t Mi dl a nds
Urba n Area
Grea ter Ma nches ter
Urba n Area
Wes t Yorks hi re
Urba n Area
Tynes i de
UK0001
A;M
UK0002
A;M
UK0003
A;M
UK0004
A;M
UK0005
A;M
ag
1618
ag
605
ag
554
ag
352
ag
221
2120435
1863849
1176821
731847
Zone boundary source
(geospatial file/ LAU2 list)
7807696
P
+513325.59000544.48
+533841.75021836.50
+533823.50021903.59
+535315.87014401.38
+535257.63014334.11
+545738.94013634.29
+545704.83012712.46
Zone geospatial file name
+512434.95+000558.
27
+523725.58015507.47
+523623.09015627.34
+523623.06015534.17
+533855.86021903.83
+535257.75014428.88
+545705.07012808.67
LAU2 code(s)
+512434.02+000650.
00
+523655.43015534.12
+533856.00021809.37
+535330.11014428.68
+545705.32012904.89
Ful l zone na me
Zone code
Pol l uta nt(s ), pos s i bl y
s epa ra te protecti on ta rgets ,
to whi ch the zone a ppl i es
Type (a g/nona g)
2
Area (km )
Population
Art.22 application
+512434.02+000650.
00
European Environment Agency
What does it mean in practice ?
•
Become machine readable
European Environment Agency
Air Quality e-Reporting data model basics
Closer look at the 8 new AQ data themes
• 8 regulatory themes for EU Member States
• 4 EIONET themes for exchange of information
European Environment Agency
Air Quality e-Reporting data model basics
Closer look at the 8 new AQ data themes
• Air Quality zones
AQD Header
AQD Zone
Provides information
on the person & status
of the report
Provides information on AQ
zones established to manage &
improve pollution levelson the
person & status of the report
European Environment Agency
Air Quality e-Reporting data model basics
Closer look at the 8 new AQ data themes
• AQ assessment regimes
AQD Header
Provides information
on the person & status
of the report
AQD Assessment
Regimes
Provides information on AQ
stations & models used to
assess pollution levels
European Environment Agency
Air Quality e-Reporting data model basics
Closer look at the 8 new AQ data themes
• AQ assessment methods
AQD Header
Provides information
on the person & status
of the report
AQD Assessment
Methods
Provides information on AQ
monitoring stations, models &
other assessment techniques,
including their configuration
European Environment Agency
Air Quality e-Reporting data model basics
Closer look at the 8 new AQ data themes
• AQ assessment methods detail – measurements
• Same approach for
Fixed measurements
Indicative measurements
AQD Header
AQD Assessment
Methods
AQD Sampling
Point
AQD Sampling
Point
AQD Sampling
Point
AQD Process
Observing
Capabilities
AQD Station
AQD Sample
AQD Network
Representative
Area
European Environment Agency
Air Quality e-Reporting data model basics
Closer look at the 8 new AQ data themes
• AQ assessment methods detail - modelling
• Same approach for
Modelling
Objective estimation
AQD Model
AQD Model
AQD Header
AQD Assessment
Methods
AQD Model
AQD Model
Process
Observing
Capabilities
AQD Model Area
European Environment Agency
Air Quality e-Reporting data model basics
Closer look at the 8 new AQ data themes
• AQ observations
Defines time frames, result
quality, parameterisation,
references other already
defined configrations.
AQD Model
Process
AQD Header
AQD Observation
Observing
Capabilities
AQD Model Area
Data Array
Modelled
data file
European Environment Agency
Air Quality e-Reporting data model basics
Closer look at the 8 new AQ data themes
• AQ attainment
Describes the attainment (or
otherwise) of a particular
environmental objective
May be corrected
for NS & WSS
Exceedance Level
AQD Header
AQD Attainment
AQD Exceedance
Description
Exceedance Area
AQD zone
AQD Sampling
Point
Exceedance Exposure
AQD Model
AQD Asessment Regimes
Adjustment Methods
Reason for exceedance
European Environment Agency
Resource to support users
European Environment Agency
Resource to support users
Aggregation
Rules
AQ e-Reporting
Toolbox
Code lists
QA/QC
rules
Schema
user guide
AQUI
Temporary support software
to ensure continuity of
service in EIONET and
regulatory data flows
European Environment Agency
Questions & answers
Thank for your attention.
Tony Bush
ETC/ACM AQ e-Reporting task lead
Principal Consultant
Gemini Building
Fermi Avenue
Harwell
Oxon
OX11 0QR
Tel: 0870 190 6423
Mobile: 07968 707 386
E-mail: [email protected]
Web: www.ricardo-aea.com
European Environment Agency

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