Distributed Biodiversity Information Databases

Report
Distributed Biodiversity
Information Databases
A. Townsend Peterson
Paris Museum
British Museum
Field Museum
KU Museum
“World Museum”
Fish
University of Florida
Fish
Tulane University
Fish
University of Michigan
Fish
“World Museum”
Making Simple Databases BETTER
Georeferencing
Standardization of taxonomy
Error-detection and cleaning
Integration with the ‘World Museum’
Data Sharing - Issues of
Importance
Security
Ownership
Control
Updates of information
Funding and charging
Safeguards I
Legal disclaimer:
– No for-profit uses without permission of data
owners (curators)
– No repackaging and redistribution without
permission of data owners (curators)
– Data owners not responsible for data quality
or accuracy
– Negative data do not apply – absence of
records is not indicative of absence of
species, etc.
Safeguards II
Data remain at the owner institution – no
centralization involved
No hacking – data are isolated from the
original/master dataset
Institutions may restrict access to classes of
data, e.g.,
– Data from particular regions or taxa not served
– Particular fields for sensitive species not served
– Data for particular collectors or time periods not
served
– Etc.
Advantages
Data ownership retained by institution that holds
primary voucher specimen
Data are updated as often as wished … daily, if
preferred by owner institution
Data quality improves over time
Detailed reporting of use of collections data to
data owners (soon!)
Free and open access to users worldwide
Community cooperation opens many doors
Construction of the NABIN Network
16
Data Sets in the NABIN Network
Number of data sets
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Jun-97
Sep-97
Jan-98
Apr-98
Date
Jul-98
Nov-98
Construction of the NABIN Network
1400000
1200000
1000000
800000
600000
400000
200000
Data Points in the NABIN Network
0
Jun-97
Sep-97
Jan-98
Apr-98
Date
Jul-98
Nov-98
TSA Use I
70000
Monthly Use of TSA
60000
Number of hits
50000
40000
30000
20000
10000
0
Feb-99 May-99 Aug-99 Dec-99 Mar-00 Jun-00 Oct-00 Jan-01 Apr-01 Jul-01 Nov-01
Date
Evolution of Technology
Dublin Core/Darwin Core
Z39.50
DiGIR
TAPIR
DiGIR
Distributed Generic
Information
Retrieval
http://digir.sourcefor
ge.net/
Distributed Biodiversity Information Networks
REMIB http://www.conabio.gob.mx/
SpeciesLink http://splink.cria.org.br/
MaNIS http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/manis/
HerpNET http://www.herpnet.org/
ORNIS http://ornisnet.org/
AVH http://www.chah.gov.au/avh/
GBIF http://www.gbif.net/
ATREE http://www.ecoinfoindia.org
☺
Taxonomic data
Scientific literature
Gene sequence data
Recordings, images,
videos
Stable isotope data
☺
Field notes, other
ancillary information
☺
Stomach contents,
etc.
Primary Species’
Occurrence Data
☺
Parasites etc.
Remote-sensing
data showing
locality in space
and time
Geospatial data
describing locality

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