HOT WORK - PASMA Bylaws

Report
FIRE PREVENTION
DURING HOT WORK
OPERATIONS
Herman Jett, Area Manager
Cal/OSHA Consultation Service
Santa Fe Springs, CA
(562) 944-9366
SECTION 4848(b) TITLE 8
GENERAL INDUSTRY
SAFETY ORDERS (GISO)

Effective September 29, 2010:

New requirements for, Fire Prevention and
Suppression Procedures during hot work
operations. (NFPA) 51B-2009, replaced (NFPA)
51B-1999 to mandate that:


(b) Welding blankets, curtains and pads shall be
approved for their intended use in a accordance with
Section 3206 of these Orders.
These requirements shall apply to GISO
4794(a) and 4850(a)
NFPA 51B-2009, CHANGES
AND MODIFICATIONS






New requirement for listed or approval of
welding blankets, pads, and curtains,
Updated hot work permit information,
Clarification of the 35 foot rule,
Alternative hot work methods,
Contractors hazard awareness standards, and
New requirements for personal protective
equipment.
DEFINITIONS
Approval According to GISO Section 3206


Products. Materials, devices, systems, or installations that
have been approved, listed, labeled, or certified as
conforming to applicable governmental or nationally
recognized standards, or applicable scientific principles. The
approval listing, labeling, or certification of conforming, shall
be based upon and evaluation performed by a person, firm,
or entity with appropriate registered engineering
competence or by a person, firm, or entity, independent of
the manufacturer or supplier of the product, with
demonstrated competence in the field of such
evaluation.
The term approved also refer to products, materials,
devices, systems, or installations that have been approved,
listed, labeled, or certified by a National Recognized Testing
laboratory, (NRTL).
DEFINITIONS

GISO 3206


The Division may require proof in addition
to the previous slide.
When Cal/OSHA requires approval and that
information is not available, engineering
calculations, stress, analyses and other
data for each item shall be submitted to
the division for approval
DEFINITIONS

Listed:


Shall:


Equipment, materials or other services
included in a list published by an
organization that is acceptable to the
authority having jurisdiction
Mandatory requirement.
Should:

Recommendation or advised.
DEFINITIONS

Standards:


Designated Area:


A permanent location designed for hot work, i.e.,
Maintenance/welding shop.
Hot Work:


The regulations setting minimum requirements
with the use of the word “Shall.”
Burning, welding, or similar operations capable of
initiating a fire.
Permit:

A document issued by the authority having
jurisdiction authorizing a performance.
DEFINITIONS

Permissible/Permit required area:

An area that is made fire safe by removing or protecting
combustibles from ignition sources.

Permit Authorizing Individual: (PAI)


Welding and Allied Processes:


The person designated by management to authorize hot
work.
Arc welding, Oxy-fuel gas welding, open-flame soldering,
brazing, thermal spraying, oxygen cutting, and arc cutting.
Authority Having Jurisdiction: (AHJ)

An organization, office, or individual responsible for
enforcing the requirements of a code or standard, or for
approving equipment, materials, an installation, or
procedure.
DEFINITIONS

Welding Blanket: ANSI/ASC Z49.1-94 ANSI/FM 4950


Welding Curtain: ANSI/ASC Z49.1-94 ANSI.FM 4950


A heat-resistant fabric designed to be placed in the vicinity of a hot
work operation. Intended for use in horizontal application with light
to moderate exposures
A heat resistant fabric design to be placed in the vicinity of hot
work operation. Intended for use in vertical applications.
Welding Pad: ANSI/ASC Z49.1-94 ANSI/FM 4950

A heat-resistant fabric designed to be placed directly under a hot
work operation such as welding or cutting, intended for horizontal
application with exposure resulting from molten substances or
heavy welding.
DEFINITIONS

Qualified Person:

A person designated by the employer who
by reason of his/her training and
experience has demonstrated his/her
ability to safely perform his/her duties and,
where required, is properly licensed in
accordance with federal, state, or local
laws and regulations.
DEFINITIONS

Competent Person:

One who is capable of identifying existing
and predictable hazards in the surrounding
or working conditions which are
unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to
employees, and who has authorization to
take prompt corrective measures to
eliminate them.
RESPONSIBILITY FOR
HOT WORK

Management Shall:
Establish permissible areas for hot
work operations.
 Designate a PAI.
 Be responsible for ensuring all
equipment is in safe operating
condition.
 Ensure that only approved apparatus
are used.

RESPONSIBILITY FOR
HOT WORK

The PAI Shall:




In conjunction with management, be responsible for safe
operations during hot work activities.
Consider the safety of the hot work operator and fire watch
with respect to PPE.
Determine site-specific flammable materials and hazardous
processes.
Ensure the protection of combustibles from ignition by:




Alternative methods
Scheduling
Relocating.
Protection
RESPONSIBILITY FOR
HOT WORK
NOTE: If the area cannot be made safe the
hot work shall not be performed.

The PAI Shall:



Determine fire protection requirements.
Decide if a fire watch is needed.
Where fire watch is not needed, make a
finial check ½ hour after the completion of
hot work.
HOT WORK OPERATOR

The Hot Work Operator Shall:




Handle all equipment safely
Have PAI approval before starting hot
work.
Check all equipment to ensure safe
operating condition.
Cease hot work operations if unsafe
conditions develop.
FIRE WATCH

The Fire Watch Shall:



Be trained to understand the inherent
hazards associated with hot work
operations.
Ensure that safe conditions are maintained.
Have the authority to stop the hot work
operations if unsafe conditions develop.
FIRE WATCH

The Fire Watch Shall:




Have fire-extinguishing equipment
available and trained in its use.
Be familiar with sounding alarm
procedures.
Only try extinguishing fires within the
capacity of the fire equipment.
Be permitted to perform other tasks, but
those task shall not distract from fire watch
responsibilities.
CONTRACTORS


Shall discuss with their clients the
project, including the type of hot work
to be performed.
Mutual Responsibility:

Management, contractors, the PAI, the fire
watch, and the operator share a mutual
responsibility for safety in hot work
operations.
FIRE PREVENTION
PRECAUTIONS


Always wear the proper personal
protective clothing.
Hot work shall only be performed in
area that has been made fire safe.



Designated , or
Permit-required areas.
Signs shall be posted designating hot
work areas.
FIRE PREVENTION
PRECAUTIONS




Combustibles kept at least 35 feet away
when possible, or
Use of listed or approved welding
blanket, welding pads, or equivalent
Wooden floors wet down.
Caution should be taken when using
electrical equipment on wet floor
NONPERMISSIBLE AREAS

Hot Work Shall not be permitted in the
following areas:



Areas not authorized by management.
In building where sprinklers are impaired.
In areas where explosive atmospheres
exist, i.e., mixtures of flammable gases,
vapors, liquids, or dusts with air.
HOT WORK DECISION TREE
HOT WORK DECISION TREE
FIRE WATCH DECISION TREE
FIRE WATCH DECISION TREE
FIRE WATCH DECISION TREE
ALTERNATIVES TO
HOT WORK

Include:







Mechanical removal
Manual hydraulic shears
Mechanical bolting
Screwed, flanged, or clamped pipe
Reciprocating saw
mechanical pipe cutter
Approved self-drilling or compressed air-actuated
fasteners
PREPARING FOR AN
ENFORCEMENT VISIT

Staying prepared by:

Maintaining an effective written Injury
and Illness Prevention Program; (IIPP)









Responsibility;
Compliance;
Communication;
Hazard assessment;
Accident investigation;
Hazard correction;
Training;
Recordkeeping;
And, any other required written programs;
PREPARING FOR AN
ENFORCEMENT VISIT

Staying Prepared by:



Maintain your form 300;
Maintain your form 301;
Post form 300A;




www.californiaosha.info/;
Document all training and safety meetings;
Be receptive when they arrive, however,
you do have the right to refuse entry;
Correct hazards in time agreed upon;
MULTI-EMPLOYER




Exposing; your employees were exposed to
the hazard;
Creating; you or your employees caused
the hazard;
Correcting; you are responsible for
maintaining/abatement;
Controlling; you have overall control of
safety and health on the job site;
DUAL-EMPLOYER

Primary;



The employer providing the employee;
usually provides training, PPE, Workers’ Comp.,
IIPP, and pay check;
Secondary



The employer receiving/using the employee;
Ensure employees are trained prior to putting to
work;
Injuries suffered while under this employers
supervision goes on his/her Form 300;

similar documents