1.7融区低碳城镇指标体系

Report
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
天津市新金融低碳城市设计研究院有限责任公司
于家堡金融区概况
Overview of Yujiapu Financial District
响螺湾商务区
XIANGLUOWAN BUSINESS DISTRICT
蓝鲸岛
BLUE WHALE ISLAND
于家堡金融区
YUJIAPU Financial District
海河
HAIHE RIVER
 于家堡金融区位于滨海新区,总建筑面积达到970万平方米,将是世界最大的金融区之一。
 Yujiapu Financial District at the CBD of Binhai New Area, It covers 3.86sq.km. of land and
is divided into 120 parcels with a planned GFA of 9.7 million square meters.,it will
become world’s largest financial district .
 2010年6月19日,第9届APEC能源部长会议确定于家堡金融区为首例APEC低碳示范城镇。
 On June 19, 2010, the 9th APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting was held in Yokohama, Japan.
The meeting chosed Yujiapu Financial District as the first APEC low-carbon model town.
2
于家堡金融区的低碳规划特点
Low-Carbon Decomposition of City Orientation
国内首个规划了丰
富的立体架构、地
全球最大规模的金融商务区
下空间的金融区
全球最大规模
金融区商务区
China’s first financial district which
has planned rich 3D architecture and
underground space.
World’s largest
financial CBD
以生态景观为基底、
与自然环境为友的
金融区
Eco-landscape-based environmentfriendly financial district
于家堡金融区低碳城镇
指标体系的定位与思路
Orientation and Approach of Yujiapu Financial
District Low-Carbon Town Index System
于家堡金融区
低碳城市目标
Low-carbon city
targets of Yujiapu
Financial District
城市定位的低碳分解
于家堡金融区低碳目标分解
Low-Carbon Decomposition
of City Orientation
Decomposition of Low-Carbon
Targets of Yujiapu Financial District
于家堡低碳城市研究内容
Research Content of Yujiapu Low-Carbon City
于家堡低碳城市目标Targets of Yujiapu Low-Carbon City
低碳智慧金融城
Low-Carbon Smart Financial City
1
1
城市定位的低碳分解
Low-Carbon Decomposition of City Orientation
Low-carbon life city
低碳生活城
3D city
垂直立体城
Diversified and vibrant city
多元活力城
E-finance city
网络金融城
Smart future city
智慧未来城
1
于家堡金融区低碳目标分解
Decomposition of Low-Carbon Targets of Yujiapu Financial District
减排
目标
CERT
C1 一个实现绝对减排的新城镇;
C1 a new town realizing absolute carbon
emission reduction (CER);
C2 一个碳减排各方面指标达到国际领先水平的城镇。
C2 a town with all CER indexes reaching
international leading level.
环境目标
空间目标
社会经济目标
Environmental targets
Spatial targets
Social and economic targets
E1 a high-density metropolis with
a good natural environment;
E2 a city at a leading level in
intensive utilization of resources
and energy;
E3 a smart city owning
Intellisense technology and
environment.
S1 a 3D city with a high-density
intensive layout;
S2 a city with high-performance
green buildings and high-carbonsink low-carbon landscape;
S3 a highly accessible city
realizing convenient traffic
through mass transit and nonmotorized traffic;
S4 a mixed-function city with
characteristic urban blocks and
vibrant streets.
SE1 a regional financial center
attractive to individuals and
companies;
SE2 an innovative city in lowcarbon economy, leading carbon
finance and carbon trading;
SE3 a city guiding low-carbon life
and low-carbon operation by lowcarbon policy.
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标
体系的技术路径
Technical Path and Low-Carbon Model of Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon City
绿色低碳
CBD的发展
低碳CBD
发展模型
低碳城市建设
的循环模式
于家堡金融区
低碳建设路径
Development of
Green CBD
Low-Carbon
Development Model
of Yujiapu Financial
District
Low-Carbon
Circulation Mode
of Yujiapu
Financial District
Technical Path of
Yujiapu Financial
District Low-Carbon
Town Index System
低碳城市建设的实施策略
Implementation Strategy of Low-Carbon City Construction
低碳城市实施策略可以归结为“减源增汇”,在具体实施路径上可归纳为四类,即降低固定碳
源碳排放;降低移动碳源碳排放;降低过程碳源碳排放;促进自然碳汇碳清除。
Low-carbon city implementation strategy may be summarized into “source reduction and sink enhancement”.
The concrete implementation paths may be classified into four categories: reduce carbon emissions of stationary
carbon sources; reduce carbon emissions of mobile carbon sources; reduce carbon emissions of process carbon
sources; promote carbon removal by natural carbon sink.
降低固定碳源碳排放
Reduce carbon emissions of
stationary carbon sources
降低移动碳源碳排放
Reduce carbon emissions of mobile
carbon sources
减源增汇
Source reduction and sink enhancement
降低过程碳源碳排放
Reduce carbon emissions of process
carbon sources
促进自然碳汇碳清除
Promote carbon removal by natural
carbon sink
2
于家堡金融区的低碳城市问题与挑战
Low-Carbon City Problems and Challenges of Yujiapu Financial District
问题与挑战
Problem and challenge
解决方案
Solution
人口高密度→交通压力
低碳交通
High population density – traffic pressure
Low-carbon transport
土地空间有限→城市高密度
Limited land space – high city density
立体城市
3D city
资源能源稀缺→能源水源
Resource and energy scarcity – energy and water resource
低碳能源
Low-carbon energy
生态承载力→生态赤字
低碳景观
Ecological capacity – ecological deficit
Low-carbon landscape
产业集聚→金融创新
碳金融
Carbon finance
高层高密度→建筑节能减排
绿色建筑
Green building
Industrial clustering – financial innovation
High-rise high density – energy conservation
and emission reduction of buildings
2
于家堡金融区低碳循环模式
Low-Carbon Circulation Mode of Yujiapu Financial District
2
华北电网
North China Power Grid
再生建材
Recycled building
materials
南疆热电厂+临港IGCC
Nanjiang Thermal Power
Plant + Port IGCC
新河污水处理厂
垃圾回收
Xinhe Sewage Treatment Plant
Garbage collection
中翔中水厂
垃圾处理厂
Zhongxiang Reclaimed
Water Plant
Refuse processing plant
新村水厂+新区水厂+海河南岸水厂
Water plants for new villages + water plants for new areas + water
plant on the southern bank of Haihe River
于家堡金融区低碳发展路径
Low-Carbon Development Path of Yujiapu Financial District
2
于家堡金融区减少碳源的低碳路径包含空间路径、技术路径和社会路径三个层面。空间路径涉及高密度开发
的紧凑型城市、TOD公交导向开发、小街坊密路网的城市结构以及功能混合的城市布局。
The low-carbon paths of Yujiapu Financial District for reduction of carbon sources include spatial
path, technical path and social path. Spatial path involves compact city developed in high density,
TOD, city structure with small residential blocks and a dense road network and an urban layout with
mixed functions.
High density
urban
construction
Hybrid city
Carbon
source
(spatial path)
Buil
ding
Green
building
Renewable
energy
Carbon
source
(technical
path)
Building
energy
conservation
Low-carbon
transport
Compact city
Energy
Small residential
blocks and dense
road network
Lowcarbon
Yujiapu
Regional
energy
TOD
Plant
Multilevel
greening
Carbon
capture
technology
Carb
on
sequ
estra
tion
Carbon
sink
Local plants
Garbage
recycling
Tra
nsp
ort
Carbon
sequestration
technology
Waste
NEV
Reuse of
reclaimed
water
Carbon
finance policy
Green life
Carbon
source
Vertical
agriculture
CDM
(social path)
Smart city
Energy price
policy
E-commerce
Green roof
3D
gree
ning
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标
体系的定位与目标
Orientation and Targets of Yujiapu Financial
District Low-Carbon Town Index System
指标体系的构建思路
指标体系制定思路
Construction ideas of the
index system
Establishment flow
“只有可测量,才能可操作”——彼得·费迪南德·杜拉克
“What Gets Measured Gets Managed”
——Peter Ferdinand Drucker
3
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系的构建思路
Establishment Approach of Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
基本信息、规划及前期研究
Basic information, planning and preliminary study
国际著名机构定义
Definition of international
famous institution
低碳循环模式
Low-carbon
cycle model
低碳关键路径
Key lowcarbon path
低碳发展定位、目标
Orientation and targets of low-carbon development
低碳城市建设实践
Practice of low-carbon city
construction
著名学者论著
指标体系研究
Books of famous scholars
Research on the index system
国内外指标体系案例研究
Case study of domestic and foreign index systems
低碳城镇指标体系框架
Low-carbon development index system framework
低碳城镇指标体系
Low-carbon development index system
延伸拓展
Extend and expand
指标体系分解和技术路径
Decomposition and technical path of the index system
低碳发展保障措施
Supporting measures of low-carbon development
国内外参考指标体系库
Database of domestic and
foreign reference index systems
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系制定思路
Establishment Approach of Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Development Index System
于家堡低碳指标体系从城市总体规划定位出发,结合自然气候条件和区域发展目标,从城市碳排放清单出发
,根据于家堡城市碳排放的影响要素分析,从低碳环境保护、低碳资源利用、低碳空间组织、低碳交通出行
、低碳经济发展和低碳城市运行六个维度形成低碳指标体系框架。
Yujiapu low-carbon index system proceeds from the orientation of urban master plan and urban
carbon emission inventory, considers natural and climatic conditions and regional development
goals, and establishes a low-carbon index system framework from six dimensions including lowcarbon environmental protection, low-carbon resource utilization, low-carbon space organization,
low-carbon travel, low-carbon economic development, and low-carbon city operation.
Intelligence
New-type
CBD
Low
Low
carbon
carbon
3
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标
体系的核心特色
Core Characteristics of Yujiapu Financial
District Low-Carbon Town Index System
核心/创新特色
Core/innovative
characteristics
减碳目标
CERT
关键绩效指标
KPI
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系的核心特色
Core Characteristics of Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
World’s first low-carbon CDB index system
减碳指标全覆盖
提出总量/强度/人均三指标
Full coverage of CER indexes
——put forth total amount,
intensity and per capita indexes
All indexes relate to low
carbon——All indexes direct to CER
Regional
characteri
stics and
local
suitability
of the
indexes
全指标低碳相关
——所有指标直接指向碳减排
China’s first one setting a target of
reducing total carbon emissions by 30%
(technically advanced and feasible, but
political factor should be considered)
Extend the index system to index decomposition
and realization path— (target, decomposition
and path in trinity)
指标
区域
特色
及本
地适
宜性
4
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系的减碳目标测算
Core Characteristics of Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
于家堡金融区的减碳目标CERT of Yujiapu Financial District
低碳化的目标,主要由“二氧化碳排放总量”(总量目标)、“单位GDP二氧化碳排放量”(强度目标)、“人均
碳排放量”(人均目标)组成。
Low-carbon indexes mainly include “total CO2 emissions” (total amount target), “CO2 emissions of unit GDP” (intensity target)
and “per capita carbon emissions” (per capita target).
实现绝对总量目标减排约30%
Realize absolute total amount target of reducing carbon emission by about 30%,
•
中期目标(至2020年):2020年二氧化碳排放总量较2010年减排约20%。
•
Mid-term target (to 2020): by 2020, reduce total CO2 emissions by about
Reduce ~20%
Reduce ~10%
20% over 2010。
•
长期目标(至2030年):2030年二氧化碳排放总量较2010年减排约30%。
•
Long-term target (to 2030): by 2030, reduce total CO2 emissions by about
30% over 2010 。
1.8657M t
2010
Carbon
emissions of
buildings
1.351 million tons
526,000 tons
2010,1.866 million tons
Reduce emissions by
~20%
1.047 million tons
430,000 tons
1.4652M t
2020
Carbon
emissions of
transport
1.3216M t
2030
Reduce emissions by
~10%
923,000 tons
410,000 tons
2020,1.466 million tons
2030,1.322 million tons
(unit: 10000t)
4
4
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系的关键绩效指标
KPI of Yujiapu Financial District Low-carbon Town Index System
国际先进可持续城市的低碳发展计划普遍会有一个确定的碳消减总体目标。低碳生态城市则针对碳排放目标还会提
出一系列的关键指标作为达到总体目标的核心考核目标。
针对于家堡低碳总体目标和目标分解,于家堡从城市低碳运行的温室气体量化减排出发,提出具有先进性和示范性
的关键绩效指标。
The low-carbon development plan of an internationally advanced sustainable city universally contain a
determined overall CERT. A low-carbon eco-city will put forth a series of key indexes for CERT as core
assessment targets in order to achieve the overall target.
In respect to the overall low-carbon target and target decomposition of Yujiapu, Yujiapu proceeds from
quantitative GHG emission reduction of low-carbon city operation and puts forth advanced and exemplary
KPI.
关键绩效指标 KPI
C10
碳
金
融
与
碳
交
易
创
新
示
范
指
标
C10 Index for smart city
C09
C09 Index for innovation and demonstration of carbon finance and carbon
地
下
空
间
综
合
利
用
指
标
trading
C08
高
比
例
低
碳
出
行
指
标
C08 Index for comprehensive utilization of underground space
C07
水
资
源
节
能
指
标
C07 Index for high-ratio low-carbon travel
C06
高
密
度
低
碳
城
市
空
间
指
标
C06 Index for Conservation of water resources
C05
室
内
空
气
质
量
指
标
C05 Index for high-density low-carbon urban space
C04
区
域
能
源
集
约
供
应
指
标
C04 Index for Indoor air quality
C03
高
星
级
绿
色
建
筑
覆
盖
指
标
Index for intensive regional energy supply
C02
C02 Index for coverage of high-star green buildings
C01
C01 All-level quantitative index for carbon emissions
碳
排
放
全
层
次
量
化
指
标
智
慧
城
市
指
标
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标
体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
5
5
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
Index category
No.
Index
Value
Low-carbon
city operation
Low-carbon
economic
development
Low-carbon
travel
Low-carbon space
organization
Low-carbon
resource utilization
Low-carbon
environmental
protection
Total carbon emissions
Low-carbon
environment
Carbon intensity
Time
Reduce by 30% in 2030 over 2010
2030
≤150 t/million dollars of GDP
2020
≤4.4 t/person
2030
Per capita carbon emissions
Green ratio of built-up areas
Artificial
environment
2020
Indoor PM2.5 daily average concentration
Start from today
Roof greening ratio
2020
Multi-level greening ratio
2020
Energy use
Coverage rate of intensive regional energy supply
2020
Water resource
utilization
Daily per capita water consumption
≤90/person•day
Unconventional water resource utilization rate
Intensive land use Per capita area of land for construction
Daily per capita garbage generation
Garbage
disposal
Ratio of separate waste collection
Green building
Ratio of green buildings
Urban space
Ratio of small residential blocks
Underground space utilization rate
Urban space
Underground vehicle traffic share rate
Green
transport
Start from today
2020
≤0.8kg/person·day
Start from today
Start from today
100%, ≥70% for buildings at or above 2
stars
2020
2020
2020
2020
Low-carbon travel ratio
2030
Mass transit share ratio
2030
Ratio of new-energy buses
2020
Transfer distance of public transit system
≤200m
Economic vitality Ratio of R&D input to GDP
Coverage rate of green procurement on public utilities
Low-carbon
Carbon emission investigation rate of large public buildings
economy
Carbon trading participation ratio of large public buildings
Smart city
Start from today
≤60m2/person
Length ratio of integrated underground pipe racks
3D city
2020
Start from today
2020
2020
2030
Coverage rate of intelligent transport
2020
Coverage rate of smart grid
2020
Coverage rate of low-carbon system management service
2020
Low-carbon policy Perfection rate of low-carbon policy
Construction time
Implementer
sequence
Near term Mid termLong term Govern Enterprise Public
ment
2030
5
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
低碳环境 | 碳排放总量 Low-carbon environment | Total carbon emissions
Reduce ~20%
Reduce ~10%
指标定义
Definition
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
CER correlation
计算方法/公式
Calculation
method/formula
指区域内温室气体以CO2当量形式表示的排放总量,以万吨表示。
Refer to the total emission amount of GHG in the area expressed in form
of CO2 equivalents. The unit is 10000 tons.
2020年碳排放量较2010年基准减排20%,2030年较2010年基准减排30%
Reduce carbon emissions by 20% in 2020 over 2010, and 30% in 2030 over 2010
1.8657M t
2010
Carbon
emissions of
buildings
1.4652M t
2020
Carbon
emissions of
transport
国内首提 Put forth in the first time in China
■确定碳排放总量目标 ■Determine the target of total carbon emissions
详见于家堡碳排放计算报告
For more information, please refer to Yujiapu carbon emission calculation report.
国内参照值
Domestic
reference value
■Hong Kong: Reduce total CO2 emissions by 19%~33% in 2020 over 2005;
■Xiamen: Control total CO2 emissions at 68.64 million tons in 2020;
国际参照值
Foreign
reference value
■London: Plan to lower carbon emissions in 2025to 60% of the level in 1990;
■New York: Carbon emissions in 2030 will be reduced to about 70% of the level in 2005;
■Paris: In 2004, it proposed for lowering carbon emission level by 75% in 2050;
■Tokyo: Reduce carbon emissions by 25% in 2020 compared to 2000;
■Hammarby Sj Stad: Reduce carbon emissions by 50% in 2015 compared to other districts in 1990.
1.3216M t
2030
(unit: 10000t)
5
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
低碳环境 | 碳强度 Low-carbon environment | Carbon
intensity
指标定义
Definition
区域所有经济活动产生的二氧化碳排放当量与其国民生产总值的比值,
以吨/百万美元表示。
Refer to the ratio between CO2 emission equivalents generated by all
economic activities in the area to the GDP of the area. The unit is t/million
dollars.
2010
2020
2030
Carbon intensity (t/million dollars)
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
CER correlation
计算方法/公式
Calculation
method/formula
单位GDP碳排放量≤150吨/百万美元(2020年) Carbon emissions of unit GDP≤150 t/million dollars (2020)
国内领先 Leading in China
■确定碳强度减排指标 ■Determine carbon intensity reduction index
Carbon emission intensity =
CO2 emission equivalents (t)
GDP of the area (million dollars)
国内参照值
Domestic
reference value
■Tianjin Sino-Singapore Eco-city index system: ≤150 t/million dollars (2013)
■Tianjin Southern New Town index system: ≤150t/million dollars
■Wuxi Taihu New Town • National Low-carbon Eco-city Demonstration Area planning index system:
≤90t/million dollars
■Qingdao Sino-German Eco-Park index system: ≤240t/million dollars (2015), ≤180t/million dollars (2020)
■Chongqing green, low-carbon and ecological urban area evaluation index system: ≤150t/million dollars
■Chinese low-carbon eco-city evaluation index system: ≤213t/million dollars (2015), ≤167t/million dollars (2020)
国际参照值
Foreign
reference value
■Tokyo: 146t/million dollars
■New York: 173,000t/million dollars
■Paris: 112t/million dollars
■London: 162t/million dollars
(以上数据在2000至2006年之间 The above data are for 2000~2006)
5
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
低碳环境 | 人均碳排放 Low-carbon environment | Per capita carbon emissions
指标定义
Definition
区域内人口(生产和消费)活动排放的碳总量,用该区域的人口相除,以吨/
人表示(此指标为碳排放人均指标)。
Refer to total carbon emissions generated from (production and consumption)
activities of the people in the area divided by the population of the area. The unit is
ton/person (this index is a per capita carbon emission index).
8
6
4
6.2
2
4.9
4.4
0
2010
2010年
2020
2020年
2030
2030年
人均碳排放(吨/人)
Per
capita carbon emissions (t/p)
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
CER correlation
计算方法/公式
Calculation
method/formula
国内参照值
Domestic reference
value
国际参照值
Foreign reference
value
人均碳排放≤4.4吨/人(2030年)Per capita carbon emissions ≤4.4 t/person (2030)
国内领先(同等城市) Leading in China (equivalent cities)
■确定人均碳排放减排指标 Determine per capita CER index
Per capita carbon emissions =
CO2 emission equivalents (t)
Population of the area (person)
■Langfang Wanzhuang Eco-City index system: ≤1t/person (2020)
■Changsha Meixi Lake Eco-city index system: ≤4t/person
■Singapore: 7.86t/person (1994)
■New York: 10.2t/person (2005)
■Tokyo: 4.89t/person (2006)
■Seoul: 4.1t/person (2006)
■Vancouver: 4.9t/person (2006)
■Sydney: 0.88t/person (2006)
■Paris 5.2t/person (2005)
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
5
能源使用 | 区域能源集约供应覆盖率 Energy use | Coverage rate of intensive regional ener
指标定义
Definition
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
CER correlation
采用新技术为区内建筑实行集中供热、集中供冷,综合利用城市电厂
余热、冰蓄冷等低碳能源和技术,以集约的手法探求区域低碳化路线
的区域能源供应占区域总能源供应的比例,以百分数表示。
区域能源集约供应覆盖率≥70%(2020年) Coverage rate of intensive regional energy supply≥70% (2020)
国际领先 Leading in the world
■能源集约供应,减少能源负荷,建筑能耗及碳排放;Intensive energy supply reduces energy load, and
energy consumption and carbon emissions of buildings;
■减少能源机房建筑面积,降低建筑材料碳排放,节约冷热源投资;Reduce floor area of energy machine
rooms, lower carbon emissions of building materials and save investment of cold and heat sources;
■专业合同能源管理,减少运营碳排放,节约运行费用。Professional EPC reduces carbon emissions of
operation and saves operating cost.
计算方法/公式
Floor area of intensive regional energy supply
Calculation
Coverage rate of intensive regional energy supply =
* 100%
GFA of regional energy supply
method/formula
国内参照值
Domestic
reference value
国际参照值
Foreign
reference value
■Changsha Meixi Lake Eco-city index system (Coverage rate of heat and cold supply to public building areas)
≥54%
N/A 无
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
5
绿色建筑 | 绿色建筑比例 Green building | Ratio of green buildings
指标定义
Definition
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
CER correlation
建成区符合绿色建筑标准的建筑面面积占建成区总建筑面积的百分
比(临时建筑除外),以百分数表示。
Ratio between the floor area of the buildings conforming to the standard
for green buildings in built-up areas to the gross floor area in built-up
areas (except temporary buildings), expressed with percentage.
绿色建筑比例100%,二星级以上绿色建筑比例≥ 70%(2020年)
The ratio of green buildings is 100%, and the ratio of green buildings at or above 2 stars is 70% at least (2020)
国际领先 Leading in the world
■通过建筑“四节”(节地、节能、节水、节材)减少能源、资源、材料等各方面减少碳排放。
■Reduce carbon emissions through conservation of land, energy, water and materials.
建成区符合绿色建筑标准的建筑面积
高星级绿色建筑比例 =
× 100%
建成区总建筑面积
计算方法/公式
Calculation
Ratio of high-star green buildings =
method/formula
国内参照值
Domestic
reference value
Floor area conforming to the standard for green buildings in built-up areas
GFA of built-up areas
* 100%
■Tianjin Sino-Singapore Eco-city index system: 100% (start from today)
■Tianjin Southern New Town ecological index system: 100%
■Tangshan Bay (Caofeidian) International Eco-city index system: 100%
■Weifang BEDA eco-construction index system: ≥75% (2020)
■Wuxi Taihu New Town • National Low-carbon Eco-city Demonstration Area panning index system: 100%
■Changsha Meixi Lake Eco-city index system: 100%
■Qingdao Sino-German Eco-park ecological index system: 100% (2015)
■China low-carbon eco-city evaluation index system: 100%
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
5
立体城市 | 地下空间利用率 3D city | Underground space utilization rate
指标定义
Definition
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
指建成区内地下空间开发建筑面积与规划建设用地面积之比(以百分数
表示)。
Ratio between the floor area of underground space development in the builtup areas and the planned area of land for construction (expressed with
percentage).
地下空间利用率≥100%(2020年)Underground space utilization rate ≥100% (2020)
国际领先 Leading in the world
■节约城市用地,节约土地资源;
■Save urban land and land resources;
■多层次集约开发利用地下空间;
■Intensively develop and utilize underground space at multiple level;
■增加城市地面开敞景观空间;
■Increase urban open landscape space on the ground;
■城市功能垂直分布,减少交通排放。 ■Vertically distribute urban functions and reduce traffic emissions.
建成区内地下空间开发建筑面积
地下空间利用率 =
× 100%
建成区建设用地面积
计算方法/公式
Underground space utilization rate =
Floor area of underground space development in built-up areas
Area of land for construction in built-up areas
国内参照值
国际参照值
* 100%
■长沙梅溪湖生态城指标体系: ≥35%
■Changsha Meixi Lake Eco-city index system: ≥35%
■河北省生态宜居城市建设目标指标体系: ≥5%
■Hebei ecological and livable cities construction target index system: ≥5%
■重庆市绿色低碳生态城区评价指标体系:引导性指标,鼓励选择
■Chongqing green, low-carbon and ecological urban area index system: directive index, encourage selection
无 N/A
5
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
立体城市 | 地下车行交通分担率 3D city | Underground vehicle traffic share rate
指标定义
Definition
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
CER correlation
指区域内地下车行交通系统出行的交通量占总车行交通量的比率,以百
分数表示。
Refer to the ratio of traffic volume of underground vehicle traffic system to
total vehicle traffic volume in the area. The unit is percentage.
地下车行交通分担率≥20%(2020年) Underground vehicle traffic share rate ≥20% (2020)
国际领先 Leading in the world
■节约城市用地,节约土地资源;
■Save urban land and land resources;
■多层次集约开发利用地下空间;
■Intensively develop and utilize underground space at multiple levels;
■增加城市地面开敞绿地种植空间;
■Increase urban open landscape space on the ground;
■城市功能垂直分布,减少交通排放。 ■Vertically distribute urban functions and reduce traffic emissions.
地下车行交通系统出行的交通量
地下车行交通分担率 =
× 100%
总车行量
计算方法/公式
Underground vehicle traffic share rate =
Traffic volume of underground vehicle transport system
Total vehicle traffic volume
国内参照值
无 N/A
国际参照值
无 N/A
* 100%
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-carbon Town Index System
绿色出行 | 低碳交通比例 Green travel | Low-carbon travel ratio
指标定义
Definition
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
CER correlation
指区域内的居民在区内选择步行交通、自行车交通、轨道交通以及
常规公交车交通等出行的数量占总体出行数量的比例,以百分数表
示。
Refer to the ratio of the number of travels of residents in the area on foot,
or by bicycle, rail transit or conventional bus to the total number of
travels. The unit is percentage.
低碳交通出行比例≥80%(2030年)Low-carbon travel ratio ≥80% (2030)
国际领先 Leading in the world
■减少机动车出行,降低交通碳排放;Reduce travel by motor vehicle and lower carbon emissions of traffic;
■鼓励公交出行,保护环境,降低碳排放。Encourage travel by mass transit to protect environment and
reduce carbon emissions.
计算方法/公式
Low-carbon travel ratio =
Calculation
method/formula
国内参照值
Domestic
reference value
国际参照值
Foreign
reference value
No. of low-carbon travels of residents in the area
Total number of travels
* 100%
■Tianjin Sino-Singapore Eco-city index system: ≥30% (2013), ≥90% (2020)
■Tianjin Southern New Town ecological index system; ≥90%
■Shenzhen Guangming New District Green New Town construction index system: ≥80% (2015)
■Weifang BEDA eco-construction index system: ≥80%
■Wuxi Taihu New Town National Low-carbon Eco-city Demonstration Area planning index system: ≥80%
■Changsha Meixi Lake Eco-city index system: Mass transit≥40% , non-motorized traffic≥40%
■China low-carbon eco-city evaluation index system: ≥80%
■库里蒂巴:71%
■Curitiba: 71%
■斯德哥尔摩:53%
■Stockholm: 53%
■阿姆斯特丹:66.1%
■Amsterdam: 66.1%
5
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
5
绿色交通 | 公共交通系统换乘距离 Green transport | Transfer distance of public transit sys
指标定义
Definition
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
计算方法/公式
国内参照值
国际参照值
指行人经历从一个公共交通站点下车换乘另一公共交通站点上车的
水平距离。
Refer to the horizontal distance a passenger covers when he/she transfers
from a public transit station/stop to another.
公共交通系统换乘距离≤200米(2020年)Transfer distance of public transit system≤200m (2020)
国际先进 Leading in the world
■缩短公交换乘距离,鼓励公交出行,减少私家车出行;
■Shorten public transit transfer distance, encourage travel by mass transit and reduce travel by private car;
■减少换成时间,增加公交运行效率。
■Shorten transfer time and raise operating efficiency of mass transit.
无 N/A
■Changsha Meixi Lake Eco-city plans to arrange bus stops in a service radius of 300m. 19 conventional bus stops,
9 wharves, and Meixihu West Station, Luyunlu Station and Culture & Arts Center Station of Metro Line 2 are in the
plan. Besides, around metro stations, convenient transfer connections are arranged (between metro and conventional
bus, metro and walk, and metro and bicycle).
■Hong Kong subway network has 13 interchange stations. 9 of them can realize transfer on a same platform. The
transfer time is only 15s. Each day, 45 million people take subway, same or similar to the metro passenger traffic of
many tier-1 cities in mainland China, but even if at peak hours, crowding is seldom seen in Hong Kong, as seen in
Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.
■The metro transfer distance is short in Tokyo, Osaka and Nagoya. Almost all passengers transfer in a same station.
5
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
低碳经济 | 大型公共建筑碳盘查率
Low-carbon economy | Carbon emission investigation rate of large public
buildings
指标定义
Definition
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
CER correlation
进行ISO14064温室气体盘查的公共建筑的比率,以百分数表示。
Ratio of the public buildings receiving ISO14064 GHG emission
investigation, expressed with percentage.
大型公共建筑碳盘查率 80%(2020年)
Carbon emission investigation rate of large public buildings: 80% (2020)
国内首提 Put forth in the first time in China
■为碳交易做准备;
■Prepare for carbon trading;
■推动低碳城市可持续发展。
■Promote sustainable development of low-carbon cities.
进行ISO14064温室气体盘查的公共建筑数量
大型公共建筑碳盘查率 =
× 100%
总公共建筑数量
计算方法/公式
Calculation
method/formula Carbon emission investigation rate of
large public buildings =
国内参照值
Domestic
reference value
国际参照值
Foreign
reference value
无 N/A
无 N/A
No. of public buildings receiving ISO14064 GHG emission investigation
Total number of public buildings
* 100%
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
低碳经济 | 大型公共建筑参与碳交易的比例
Low-carbon economy | Carbon trading participation ratio of large
public buildings
指标定义
Definition
参与碳排放权交易的大型公共建筑的数量占大型公共建筑总量的比
率,以百分数表示。
Ratio of the number of large public building participating in carbon
emission trading to the total number of large public buildings, expressed
with percentage.
赋值
大型公共建筑参与碳交易的比例 80%(2030年)
Value
Carbon trading participation ratio of large public buildings : 80% (2030)
指标水平
国内首提 Put forth in the first time in China
Level
减碳关联
■有效示范建筑碳交易; ■Set a good example for carbon trading of buildings;
CER correlation ■引导活跃碳交易市场。 ■Guide and activate carbon trading market.
计算方法/公式 Carbon trading participation ratio of large
No. of large public building participating in carbon emission trading
* 100%
Calculation
Total number of large public buildings
public buildings =
method/formula
国内参照值
Domestic
无 N/A
reference value
国际参照值
Foreign
无 N/A
reference value
5
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
5
智慧城市 | 智能交通覆盖率 Smart city | Coverage rate of intelligent transport
指标定义
Definition
赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
减碳关联
CER correlation
计算方法/公式
Calculation
method/formula
智能交通覆盖率指区域交通系统内具有道路监控、交通管理信息系
统及停车管理信息系统的交通网点数量占全区交通网点总数的比例,
以百分数表示。
Coverage rate of intelligent transport refers to the ratio of the number of
traffic outlets with road monitoring, traffic management information
system and parking management information system to the total number
of traffic outlets in the area. The unit is percentage.
智能交通覆盖率100%(2020年) Coverage rate of intelligent transport: 100% (2020)
国际领先 Leading in the world
■智能引导分流车辆;
■Intelligently guide and divert vehicle traffic;
■优化机动车交通,降低交通碳排放;
■Optimize motor vehicle traffic to lower carbon emissions of traffic;
■引导停车,减少拥堵,降低交通碳排放。
■Guide parking to mitigate traffic congestion and lower carbon emissions of traffic.
区域交通系统内具有智能交通网点数量
智能交通覆盖率 =
× 100%
全区交通网点总数
Coverage rate of intelligent transport =
No. of intelligent traffic outlets in the transport system of the area
Total number of traffic outlets in the area
国内参照值
Domestic
reference value
国际参照值
Foreign
reference value
无 N/A
无 N/A
* 100%
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标
体系的分解与路径
Decomposition and Strategy of
Yujiapu Financial District LowCarbon Town Index System
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
绿色建筑 | 绿色建筑比例 Green building | Ratio of green
指标赋值
100%,且二星以上70%
buildings
Value
指标水平
Level
指标分解
Decomposition
低碳路径
Low-carbon
path
100%, above 70% for buildings at or above 2 stars
国际领先
Leading in the world
■In built-up areas, all buildings are green buildings and above 70% of the
buildings are at or above 2 stars;
■Green construction ratio of buildings: 100%;
■Intelligent ratio of buildings: 100%.
■All conform to general indexes of green buildings: ① National standard
“Evaluation Standard for Green Building”; ② Local standard “Tianjin Evaluation
Standard for Green Building”;
■Evaluation of super high-rise green buildings: Comply with “Technical Rules
for Evaluation of Green Super High-rise Building”;
■Super high-rise buildings: ① Select a structural system and reduce the use of reinforced concrete; ② Reduce light pollution of curtain
wall; ③ Usage rate of energy-feedback elevators in super high-rise buildings: 100%; ④ Setting ratio of fresh air heat recovery: 100%; ⑤
High-performance building curtain wall enclosure system; ⑥ Control of buildings with sheer glass curtain wall (Tianjin Regulations for
Planning Management); ⑦ Control of window-wall ratio in the south or other directions for super high-rise buildings; ⑧ Raise system
energy efficiency of public buildings and adopt energy-efficient equipment; ⑨ Attach importance to green acceptance and energy system
commissioning and management;
■Formulate a special plan for green buildings and encourage green evaluation according to international standards (such as: LEED and
BREEAM).
In built-up areas, all buildings are green buildings
Index
decomposition
Above 70% of the buildings are at or above 2 stars
Green construction ratio of buildings: 100%; intelligent ratio of buildings: 100%.
Ratio of
high-star
green
buildings
All conform to general indexes of green buildings: 1. National standard “Evaluation Standard for Green Building”;
2. Local standard “Tianjin Evaluation Standard for Green Building”;
Evaluation of super high-rise green buildings: “Technical Rules for Evaluation of Green Super High-rise Building”
Characteristic indexes for super high-rise green buildings
Select a structural system and reduce the use of reinforced concrete
Path/strat
egy
Reduce light pollution of curtain wall
Usage rate of energy-feedback elevators in super high-rise buildings: 100%
Construction of
hardware
facilities
Setting ratio of fresh air heat recovery: 100%
High-performance building curtain wall enclosure system
Control of buildings with sheer glass curtain wall (Tianjin Regulations for Planning
Management)
Control of window-wall ratio in the south or other directions for super high-rise buildings
Raise system energy efficiency of public buildings and adopt energy-efficient equipment
Attach importance to green acceptance and energy system commissioning and management
6
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
立体城市 | 地下空间利用率 3D city | Underground space utilization
指标赋值
rate
≥100%
Value
指标水平
Level
指标分解
Decomposition
低碳路径
Low-carbon
path
国际领先
Leading in the world
■Connectivity rate of underground garages: 100%;
■Parking ratio of underground garages: 90%;
■Connectivity rate between underground rail transit stations and buildings above
them: 100%;
■Connectivity rate between above-ground landscape parks and underground
commerce and transport: 100%
■Ratio of underground commercial space: 50%;
■Utilization of multilevel underground space: Spatial multilevel underground
development;
■Comprehensive utilization of multifunction underground space; the functions
cover transportation, commerce and municipal services.
Connectivity rate of underground garages: 100%
Parking ratio of underground garages: 90%
Connectivity rate between underground rail transit stations and buildings above them: 100%
Index
decomposition
Underground
space
utilization rate
Connectivity rate between above-ground landscape parks and underground commerce and transport:
100%
Ratio of underground commercial space: 50%
Utilization of multilevel underground space: Spatial multilevel underground development
Path/strategy
Comprehensive utilization of multifunction underground space; the functions cover transportation,
commerce and municipal services
6
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
6
低碳经济 | 大型公共建筑碳盘查率 Low-carbon economy | Carbon emission investigation r
of large public buildings
指标赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
指标分解
Decomposition
低碳路径
Low-carbon
path
≥80%
国内首提
Put forth in the first time in China
■The popularity rate of carbon emission investigation technology
among large public buildings is 90% or above;
■Ratio of the number of technicians for carbon emission
investigation of large public buildings to total number of people:
≥10%.
■Intensify publicity and education of GHG emission reduction;
■Strengthen training of GHG emission investigators and form a
technical team;
■Encourage enterprises to adopt GHG audit conducted by a thirdparty certification institution;
■Strengthen the unity and renewal of quantitative technical
standards.
Carbon
emission
investigation
rate of large
public
buildings
Index
decomposi
tion
The popularity rate of carbon emission investigation technology
among large public buildings is 90% or above
Ratio of the number of technicians for carbon emission
investigation of large public buildings to total number of people:
≥10%.
Intensify publicity and education of GHG emission reduction
Path/strat
egy
Strengthen training of GHG emission investigators and form a
technical team
Encourage enterprises to adopt GHG audit conducted by a thirdparty certification institution
Strengthen the unity and renewal of quantitative technical
standards
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系
Yujiapu Financial District Low-Carbon Town Index System
低碳经济 | 大型公共建筑参与碳交易的比例
Low-carbon economy | Carbon trading participation ratio of large public buildings
指标赋值
Value
指标水平
Level
指标分解
Decomposition
低碳路径
Low-carbon
path
≥80%
国内首提
Put forth in the first time in China
■Coverage rate of e-trading of carbon trading platforms: 100%;
■Carbon trading participation ratio of enterprises annually emitting more than
20,000t of carbon on average: 100%.
■Establish a scientific quota distribution system, adopt an electronic system and
prevent power rent-seeking;
■Encourage voluntary emission trading
■Collect carbon tax from enterprises with high emissions;
■Establish a trading platform and announce and supervise trading information;
■Establish a system of qualification verification and management by third-party
certification institution.
■Track international standards and guide local authorities to supplement
standards and technical codes according to national conditions.
CER
correlation
Carbon trading
participation
ratio of large
public buildings
Index
decompositi
on
Path/strateg
y
Make use of carbon emission trading market, promote carbon capitalization and guide
and encourage low-carbon development of enterprises
Coverage rate of e-trading of carbon trading platforms: 100%;
Carbon trading participation ratio of enterprises annually emitting more than 20,000t of
carbon on average: 100%.
Quota
distribution
Adopt an electronic system and prevent power rent-seeking
system
Establish a trading system and platform
A third-party certification institution audits the reports on carbon emission investigation
of large public buildings and issues certification reports
Announce and supervise trading information
Establish a system of qualification verification and management by a third-party
certification institution
Normalize technical
Track international standards
standards Normalize
Formulate local supplementary standards and technical
technical standards
codes according to national conditions
6
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标
体系实施
Implementation and Evaluation of
Yujiapu Financial District LowCarbon Town Index System
实施路径
实施政策
Implementation
path
Implementation
policy
7
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系实施与评估
指标体系的实施路径
 Centralized energy supply
 Total amount control
 Economic leverage
低碳能源
 Bus support
 Rail backup
 Advocate non-motorized traffic
Low-carbon
energy
 Mixed functions
 “Builders’ home”
低碳交通
公共服务
事业
Low-carbon
transport
 Publicize low-carbon city
 Advocate low-carbon life
Public service
 Regional planning
 Individual building
低碳建筑
低碳系统
管理
 Building system
Low-carbon
construction
Low-carbon
system
management
 Transport system
 Riverside park · low-carbon culture
 North park · low-carbon transport
 Perception building · low-carbon innovation
 Riverside park · zero-carbon center
 Energy management system
 Public service system
 Security system
低碳技术
展示
Display of
low-carbon
technologies
7
于家堡金融区低碳城镇指标体系实施与评估
指标体系在低碳城市规划控制中的应用——建筑能耗控制与碳交易
Building energy consumption control and carbon trading
-77.12%
Building A
楼宇A
建筑减排
42.8万吨
碳量计算
carbon calculation
居住建筑:80kwh/㎡∙a
办公建筑:110kwh/㎡∙a
碳排放量控制图
carbon emission control chart
碳排放审查
carbon emission investigation
建筑能耗控制与碳交易
楼宇A
楼宇B
楼宇C
Building energy consumption control and carbon trading
碳交易
carbon trading
Thank You
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