Chauncey Harris’ Peripheral Model • Peripheral Model (similar to Urban Realms) – Urban area = • Inner CBD • Suburbs (different income levels) surround CBD (these suburbs turn into..?) • Offices, malls, etc. mixed in to service people • All tied together by “BELTWAYS” • Density gradient (amount of land & people on it) decreases as distance from CBD increases - extensive v. intensive • Benefits from suburban life? – – – – Less crime Better education More individual space (large house, yard, garage) Less traffic • Problems? – Urban sprawl – Creates segregation (zoning laws) Peripheral Model of Urban Areas The central city is surrounded by a ring road (beltway), around which are suburban areas and edge cities, shopping malls, office parks, industrial areas, and service complexes. Urban Styles Around the World American v. European cities – Rich Americans → suburbs – Rich Europeans → CBD w/ rural country homes – Poor Americans → city in low density, dispersed government housing (less funded over time) – Poor Europeans → “high density” suburbs near the city (high-rise subsidized housing concentrations of poor people create MAJOR problems) – Only 2% of USA in government housing; More of Europe (30%) Peripheral Urban Areas • Most LDCs put poor in suburbs & rich in CBD • Griffin-Ford (Latin American) Model = CBD with wheel-like spokes • Often grid-like organization with central plaza & boulevard (Spanish influence) • Squatter settlements (a.k.a. favela, barrio, slum, shantytown, bustee, kampongs,…“disamenity sector”) in suburbs start as illegal, temporary squatters on the periphery/city’s edge – 2009 FRQ http://www.gapminder.org/videos/a-slum-insight/ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1326187/Las-Vegas-tunnel-people-How-1-000-people-live-shimmeringstrip.html Griffin-Ford Model – Latin American Cities Transition Squatter Settlements (disamenity sectors, favelas, barrios, slums, shanty towns…) Want to live here! http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/asiapcf/11/18/urban.slums/index.html?hpt=Sbin 2005 FRQ • Urban renewal = urban revitalization • Urban hierarchy = urban system http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/_ap05_frq_human_geogr_45433.pdf Last AP Human Geography Slide EVER!