Nat 5 - Taylor High School

Report
HUMAN ENVIRONMENTS
REVISION
REVISION STRUCTURE
• OVER THE NEXT TWO WEEKS WE WILL BE REVISING THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENTS UNIT.
• THIS WILL BE DONE BY MATCHING OUR KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING TO NATIONAL 5
EXAM STYLE QUESTIONS.
• THIS TECHNIQUE WILL BUILD YOUR CONFIDENCE IN ANSWERING EXAM QUESTIONS WHEN
THE TIME COMES AND WILL PREPARE YOU FOR THE UPCOMING END OF UNIT TEST.
HUMAN ENVIRONMENT TOPICS
• MEASURING DEVELOPMENT
• WORLD POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
• POPULATION DISTRIBUTION IN A DEVELOPED / DEVELOPING COUNTRY
• POPULATION GROWTH
• POPULATION STRUCTURE OF A DEVELOPED / DEVELOPING COUNTRY
• URBAN GEOGRAPHY: CASE STUDY OF GLASGOW (DEVELOPED) AND MUMBAI (DEVELOPING)
• RURAL GEOGRAPHY: CASE STUDY OF THE GREAT PLAINS (DEVELOPED) AND KERALA (DEVELOPING)
EXAM STYLE QUESTION 1
Social indicators
Economic indicators
Life expectancy at birth
Gross national product (GDP)
Population per doctor
Energy used per person
Percentage adult literacy
Percentage population employed in agriculture
CHOOSE ONE SOCIAL AND ONE ECONOMIC INDICATOR.
EXPLAIN HOW YOUR CHOSEN INDICATORS CAN SHOW THE LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT OF A COUNTRY.
(4)
ANSWER 1
• IF PEOPLE PER DOCTOR CHOSEN,
• COUNTRIES WITH A LOW POPULATION PER DOCTOR ARE USUALLY
DEVELOPED WHICH MEANS THEY HAVE A BETTER HEALTH CARE
SYSTEM (1) WHICH MEANS MORE DOCTORS TREATING FEWER
PATIENTS. (1) MORE DEVELOPED COUNTRIES HAVE MORE MONEY
SO CAN INVEST IN A HEALTH CARE SYSTEM. (1)
ANSWER 1 CONTINUED
• IF PERCENTAGE POPULATION EMPLOYED IN AGRICULTURE CHOSEN
• COUNTRIES WITH A HIGH PERCENTAGE EMPLOYED IN AGRICULTURE
ARE USUALLY LESS DEVELOPED WHICH MEANS THAT THE COUNTRY
HAS LITTLE MONEY TO INVEST IN INDUSTRY (1) SO FEW PEOPLE
EMPLOYED IN INDUSTRY. (1) PEOPLE EARN LESS WAGES AS
AGRICULTURAL JOBS ARE POORLY PAID (1) SO THERE IS A LOW
STANDARD OF LIVING. (1)
EXAM STYLE QUESTION 2
• EXPLAIN WHY THE POPULATION OF DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES IS GROWING MUCH MORE RAPIDLY THAN
THAT OF DEVELOPED COUNTRIES.
(5)
ANSWER 2
• DEVELOPING COUNTRIES HAVE HIGHER BIRTH RATES AS CHILDREN
ARE NEEDED TO BRING IN MONEY FOR THEIR FAMILIES. (1) THERE IS
A LACK OF GOVERNMENT CARE FOR THE ELDERLY SO CHILDREN
ARE NEEDED TO LOOK AFTER FAMILY IN OLD AGE. (1) MANY
CHILDREN STILL DIE SO PEOPLE HAVE MANY CHILDREN TO ENSURE
SOME SURVIVE. (1) DEATH RATES ARE FALLING SO POPULATION
INCREASES RAPIDLY (1) THERE IS A LACK OF EDUCATION ON FAMILY
PLANNING. (1)
ANSWER 2 CONTINUED
• IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES THERE IS A MUCH LOWER BIRTH RATE AND DEATH
RATE SO THE POPULATION GROWS MUCH MORE SLOWLY. (1) THERE IS
MONEY TO INVEST IN MEDICAL CARE REDUCING THE DEATH RATE AND
ENSURING CHILDREN SURVIVE AT BIRTH. (1) CHILDREN ARE EXPENSIVE, SO THE
MORE CHILDREN IN A FAMILY THE GREATER THE FINANCIAL BURDEN. (1)
WOMAN WANT CAREERS SO PUT OFF HAVING CHILDREN (1) OR LIMIT THE
NUMBER OF CHILDREN THEY HAVE. (1) LATER MARRIAGES ARE MORE COMMON
WHICH RESULTS IN FEWER CHILDREN (1) AND FAMILY PLANNING/
CONTRACEPTION IS WIDELY AVAILABLE. (1)
EXAM STYLE QUESTION 3
• EXPLAIN THE CHANGES IN THE BIRTH AND DEATH RATES
FOR STAGES 3 AND 4 OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
MODEL.
(6)
ANSWER 3
• IN STAGE 3 THE DEATH RATE CONTINUES TO FALL DUE TO
CONTINUED IMPROVEMENTS IN MEDICINE (1) AND
INCREASED STANDARDS OF LIVING. (1) THE BIRTH RATE
FALLS RAPIDLY WITH GROWTH OF FAMILY PLANNING (1)
AND SMALLER FAMILIES ARE NEEDED AS LESS BABIES DIE. (1)
ANSWER 3 CONTINUED
• IN STAGE 4 THE BIRTH RATE CONTINUES TO FALL AS PEOPLE WANT SMALLER AND
CHEAPER FAMILIES. (1) WOMAN ALSO WANT TO FOLLOW CAREERS (1) AND DUE TO
THE WIDER AVAILABILITY OF FAMILY PLANNING, CONTRACEPTION AND ABORTIONS.
(1)
• THERE IS A DECREASING DEATH RATE DUE TO IMPROVEMENTS IN HEALTH CARE,
SANITATION, HOUSING AND FOOD SUPPLY. (2) ALSO PENSIONS AND IMPROVED
CARE FOR THE ELDERLY. (1)
EXAM STYLE QUESTION 4
• EXPLAIN TWO FEATURES OF THE CBD.
(6)

similar documents