Do Now – 5 minutes Response to quote of the week Quote for the week “Dreams can become a reality when we possess a vision that is characterized with the willingness to work hard, a desire for excellence, and a belief in our right and our responsibility to be equal members of society.” Janet Jackson Review HW: Social Justice, Art and Science (15 minutes) One person from each table will share what they created to inform the class about water issues in Chicago. If time permits, more people can share what they brought to class. Expectations: - No talking during each presentation. - All students will be sitting S.M.A.R.T. - Students will be allowed to ask two questions based on each presentation. Big Idea “How does curiosity lead to scientific discovery?” CRS Standards SIN 402: Understand a simple experimental design EMI 402: Identify key issues or assumptions in a model Objectives: LWBAT: List the major branches of natural science and describe how they overlap. Describe the main ideas of Physical Science. Opening Activity – Vocabulary Graphic Organizer (10 minutes) Each table will be assigned one of our vocabulary words for today’s lesson. As a group you will fill in each part of the graphic organizer. Each leader will have a role: time keeper, presenter, recorder, and leader. Once the timer rings you will present your group’s graphic organizer. Vocabulary Word Assignments Table 1: Technology Table 2: Chemistry Table 3: Physics Table 4: Geology Table 5: Astronomy Table 6: Biology Automobile Science Skills Chapter 1 Vocabulary Science Technology Chemistry Physics Geology Astronomy Biology 1.1 What is Science Science is a system of knowledge and the methods you use to find that knowledge. Science begins with curiosity and often ends with discovery. Science and Technology Technology is the used of knowledge to solve a particular problems. Goal of science = expand knowledge Goal of technology = apply the knowledge Science and technology are interdependent. Advances in one lead to advances in the other. Advances in technology – The Telephone Branches of Science Natural Science is generally divided into three branches: physical science, Earth and space science, and life science. Chemistry Physics Geology Astronomy Biology Vocabulary setup: (in binders) 1.Chemistry: 2.Physics: 3.Biology or Life Science: 4.Geology: 5.Astronomy: “Name that branch of science!” #1 Physics The study of matter and energy and the interactions between the two through forces and motion. #2 Biology or Life Science The study of living things #3 Astronomy The study of the universe beyond Earth, Including the sun, moon, planets, and stars. #4 Chemistry The study of the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter. #5 Geology The study of the origin, history and structure of Earth What is physical science? Covers a broad range of study that focuses on nonliving things. The two main areas are Chemistry and Physics. Independent Brainstorming – 2 minutes What topics will be covered in Chemistry? What topics will be covered in Physics? The Big Ideas of Physical Science Space and Time Matter and Change Forces and Motion Energy Science and Your Perspective Science is evolving and changing everyday. We will cover the most modern models of how the world work. However, believe in the scientific process that has discovered them. And believe that you may be the one who makes the discoveries that will change scientific facts in the future! Homework: Poster for one of big ideas of Physical Science Each leader will create a poster for one of the big ideas of Physical Science. The poster must include the name of the big idea across the top of the poster. The big idea should be written neatly and large enough to read from a distance. (2 points) Two examples of the big idea should be on the poster. Each example should include a description and a picture. Each example should be a real life example. (6 points per example; 2 points for description, 2 points for visual, 1 point for neatness and 1 point for grammar and spelling) Poster on 8 x 11 sheet of paper or larger. (2 points) Your complete heading on the back of the poster. (2 points) Poster board will be worth a total of 18 points. Posters are due at the start of next class period. Classwork – 15 minutes Compare and Contrast two branches of science Objectives: LWBAT: List the major branches of natural science and describe how they overlap. Describe the main ideas of Physical Science. Exit Ticket: 3-2-1 Once you have completed your exit slip turn it over on your table. Make sure you write your name, date and cohort. If time is left in class, you can begin brainstorming ideas for your homework. Do Now-10 minutes 1.1 Review Answers to Do Now 1. The three major branches of natural science are physical science, life science and earth and space science. 2. A. Physics: The study of matter and energy and the interactions between the two through forces and motion. B. Biology: The study of living things. C. Geology: The study of the origin, history and structure of Earth D. Chemistry: The study of the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter. E. Astronomy: The study of the universe beyond Earth, including the sun, moon, planets, and stars. 3. Science and technology are interdependent because as one advances so does the other. An example of this is the evolution of the telephone. As scientists learn more about how telephones work, upgrades were made to the telephone. Answers may vary. Big Idea “How does curiosity lead to scientific discovery?” CRS Standard: SIN 402: Understand a simple experimental design EMI 402: Identify key issues or assumptions in a model Objectives: Describe the steps of the scientific method. Understand the components of a scientific experiment. Email Group Activity - 15 minutes 1. Each group will be given an envelope with a variety of different emails. 2. Every leader in the group will have a role. The four roles are time keeper, recorder, presenter, and leader. 3. You will pull out six emails and make predications based on the information on the paper. 4. You will have six minutes to read, analyze, write down clues and make your first set of predictions. 5. Groups will share their first set of predictions to the class. 6. Repeat step 4. 7. Groups will share their revised predictions to the class. Introduction – “Started with a Question” Song Started with a question now we here, Started with a question now my whole class here (4x) O?HEAC, tell-it one two (4x) Explanation: O = observations ?= Ask questions H= Hypothesis E = Experiment A = Analyze data C = Conclusion Tell-it (1) write a report and (2) write a research paper 1.2 Using a Scientific Approach What is the scientific method? An organized plan for gathering, organizing, and communicating information is called a scientific method. The goal of any scientific method is to solve a problem or to better understand an observed event. Steps to a scientific method 1. Making observations (information you obtain through your senses) 2. Forming a Hypothesis (proposed answer to a question) 3. Experimenting (Testing a Hypothesis) -(Independent) Manipulated variable: variable that causes a change in another; The part of the experiment you can change. -(Dependent) Responding variable: the variable the changes in response to the manipulated variable. *A controlled experiment is an experiment in which only one variable, the manipulated variable, is deliberately changed at a time. While the responding variable is observed for changes, all other variable are kept constant, or controlled. For example: If you increase the amount of water a plant receives, then it will grow faster. If you increase the amount of water and sunlight a plant receives, then it will grow faster. Information found in an hypothesis The (independent) manipulated variable is the part of the experiment that you change. The (dependent) responding variable is the part of the experiment in which you watch for its reaction to your changes. Example: “If I raise the temperature of a cup of water, then the amount of sugar that can be dissolved in it will be increased.” Identifying Variables: Whole Class Activity “If the water faucet is opened, then the amount of water flowing will increase. ” “If a prisoner learns a work skill while in jail, then he is less likely to commit a crime when he is released. ” “Drinking coffee makes people more anxious. “ 4. Analyze data collection 5. Drawing Conclusions -Conclusions are made based on the data collected. -What happens if the data do not support the hypothesis? (1) A scientist can revise the hypothesis or propose a new one based on the data from the experiment. (2) A new experiment must then be designed to test the revised or new hypothesis. 6. Communicating Results (Tell-It!) (1)Write a report (2)Write a paper Classwork – Independent Assignment Hypothesis poster Homework 1. Complete Variables Worksheet 2. Study 1.1 and 1.2 notes Exit ticket (5 minutes) “What are the steps of the scientific method?” Scientific Theory vs. Scientific Law A scientific theory is a well-tested explanation for a set of observations or experimental results. -Theories are never proved. Instead, they become stronger if facts continue to support them. -However, if a theory fails to explain new facts and discoveries, it can be replaced or revised. Scientific law A statement that summarizes a pattern found in nature. A scientific law describes an observed pattern in nature without attempting to explain it. Example: Working safely in Science Follow all safety precautions. Read all directions before you start any activity. Make sure you understand the entire procedure, especially any safety precautions that must be followed. Single most important rule for your safety is simple: Always follow your teacher’s instructions exactly. Ask questions if there is anything you do not understand.