Offsetting the Affective Filter: A Classic Grounded

Report
Offsetting the Affective Filter: A Classic
Grounded Theory Study of Post-Secondary
Online Foreign Language Learners
Barry Chametzky, B.S., M.A., M.A., M.Ed., Ph.D. Candidate
Northcentral University
School of Education
Prescott Valley, AZ
April 2013
Chairperson: Dr. Phillip Schnarrs
Committee Member: Dr. Adrian Zappala
1
Introduction

Educational tools may help learners …
◦ … understand the course material and
◦ …make important linguistic and cultural
connections.

Online learning is not like traditional
learning
◦ New challenges exist to overcome: But how?
2
Research Problem

Comprehending learner experiences is
vital for …
◦ … assimilation of material and
◦ … development of necessary skills

Not understanding learner experiences
poses a disadvantage (Arend, 2009)
3
Purpose
To discover a theory explaining learners’
patterns of behaviors
 To give a “theoretical foothold” (Glaser &
Strauss, 1965, p. 268) for action regarding
the perception of learners and the online
experience they had (Blake, 2008).

4
Theoretical Framework

Andragogy (Knowles, 1975, 1980)

Transformative learning theory (Mezirow,
1978)
5
Significance of the Study

Offer insights into the learning
experiences of learners
◦ Why do some learners not succeed?
6
Terms
Affective filter
 Code
 Grab
 Fit
 Target language
 Theoretical sampling

7
Literature Review

Positive experiences with technology
◦ Outperformance of traditional learners
◦ Comfort and enjoyment with reduced stress
◦ Inter- and intracultural “communicative competence”
(Blake, 2008, p. 71)
◦ Reflection

Negative experiences with technology
◦
◦
◦
◦
Unknown best practices (Tanaka-Ellis, 2010)
Rapid advances in technological tools (Lafford, 2009)
Learner impatience (Meister & Willyerd, 2010)
Complex environment (Salcedo, 2010)
8
Research Questions

What are the experiences that learners have in an
asynchronous, post-secondary, online foreign
language class?

How do these experiences affect foreign language
acquisition?

How do learners in an asynchronous, postsecondary, online foreign language class use
different technology in their class vis-à-vis foreign
language acquisition and its components such as
communication, construction of knowledge, and
development of cultural identity?
9
Participants and Materials
Interviews
 Observation
 Discussions and lectures
 Snowball sampling

10
Grand Tour Question

What were your experiences with foreign
language learning online?
11
Classic Grounded Theory

No predetermined theory

Advance ideas

Understand the issues
12
Data Analysis
Notes
 Data
 Abstracted codes were compared
 Memos
 Saturation


The core variable: Offsetting the affective
filter
13
Offsetting the Affective Filter: The
Theory

Anxiety occurs because …
◦ … the online learning environment is lessthan-ideal
◦ … misguided expectations exist
◦ … no proficiency
14
Offsetting the Affective Filter: The
Theory

The big picture
15
Offsetting the Affective Filter: The
Theory

Conditions
◦ Stepping out of the comfort zone
◦ Incompatibility
16
Offsetting the Affective Filter: The
Theory

Consequences
◦ Isolating
◦ Overloading
17
Offsetting the Affective Filter: The
Theory

Balancing
18
Offsetting the Affective Filter: The
Theory

Interacting
◦ Venting (because of misalignment)
◦ Verbalizing
◦ Communicating and clarifying
19
Offsetting the Affective Filter: The
Theory

Andragogic elements
◦ Valuing
◦ Self-directing
◦ Feeling motivated
20
Offsetting the Affective Filter: The
Theory

Comporting
◦
◦
◦
◦
Plodding through and accepting the situation
Focusing on coursework
Adapting
Giving up
21
Offsetting the Affective Filter: The
Theory

Responses to Research Questions
◦ RQ1: What are the experiences that learners have in an
asynchronous, post-secondary, online foreign language
class?
◦ RQ2: How do these experiences affect foreign language
acquisition?
◦ RQ3: How do learners in an asynchronous, postsecondary, online foreign language class use different
technology in their class vis-à-vis foreign language
acquisition and its components such as communication,
construction of knowledge, and development of cultural
identity?
22
Recommendations for Practice

Communicate more

Modify the environment

Add a 6th C to the ACTFL (2012)
requirements: Conation
23
Recommendations for Future
Research
Conduct a Formal Grounded Theory
 Investigate and develop new technology
 Examine the Personal Learning Lifecycle
(PLL)

• Becoming anew
• Conflicting
considerations
10.
Reintegration
• Modifying
oneself

6. Planning
7. Acquiring
8. Trying new
roles
9. Building skills
1. Disorienting
dilemma
2. Selfexamination
3 Assessment
4. Recognition
5. Exploration
• Making
discoveries
Quantitative study involving the FLCAS
24
Questions or Comments

Thank you.
25
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