I will be able to identify styles of figurative language I will be able to use styles of figurative language in my descriptive writing Figurative language: Is expressing ideas indirectly; Is language used in a special way to create a special effect made up of words and phrases which don’t mean what they first appear to mean Makes writing more interesting Simile Metaphor Personification Alliteration Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idioms Cliches We will be concentrating on these 4: Simile Metaphor Personification Alliteration Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idioms Cliches Is when an object (or animal) is given human-like qualities or characteristics. “The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.” “The thunder grumbled like an old man” What is the simile in this example? “The popcorn leapt out of the bowl.” “Time creeps up on you.” “I tripped because the curb jumped out in front of me.” Nicki Minaj, “Super Bass” “Boy you got my heart beat running away” Owl City, “Fireflies” “Cuz’ I get a thousand hugs from ten thousand lightning bugs, as they try to teach me how to dance.” Onomatopoeia is a word that makes the sound of the word it is describing. Snap, crackle, pop Boom Clang Clash Honk Munch Plop Poof Splat Swoosh Thump Wham Zip Zoom Katy Perry, “Firework” “Boom, boom, boom, even brighter than the moon, moon, moon.” A comparison of two like things A simile uses the words “like” or “as” to compare one object or idea with another to suggest they are alike Example: Simile Meaning “as busy as a bee” Very busy “as big as a bus” Pretty big! “as silent as the dead” Completely silent “as quick as lightning” ? Rihanna, “Diamonds” “Shine bright like a diamond” Selena Gomez, “Year without Rain” “A day without you is like a year without rain” Is a comparison of unrelated subjects. A comparison of two (or more) unlike things without using the words “like” or “as”; Usually uses the words “is” or “are” Metaphor “the assignment was a breeze” “it is going to be clear skies from now on” “Her voice is music to my ears” Meaning The assignment was easy Things are going to be better I really enjoy listening to her voice One Directions, “One Thing” Shot me out of the sky You're my kryptonite You keep making me weak Yeah, frozen and can't breathe Turn to page 39 in your packet Using what you have learned about figurative language, write a descriptive paragraph about the following image. Image this is what you see as you are flying over New York City.