John Higginbotham - Energy & Transport Development in the Arctic

Report
Energy and Transport
Development in the
Arctic
By John Higginbotham
First North American Sustainable Economic
Development Summit
Las Colinas-Irving, Texas, August 25-26, 2014
Asia-Pacific Gateway and Corridor Initiative
SS Manhattan Oil Tanker – traversed
the NWP in 1969
Nordic Orion’s Voyage on the NWP, September 2014
Source: http://yle.fi/uutiset/luoteisvaylan_avannut_nordic_orion_saapuu_porin_satamaan/6874171
The Big Melt
Maritime jurisdiction and boundaries in the Arctic
Arctic Shipping Routes
The Northern Sea Route (NSR)
NSR in numbers
• 12,800 km between East Asia and Western Europe
(21,000 km if using the Suez Canal)
• Cuts 10-15 days (between July and November, East Asia
to Western Europe)
• 10 days could save $1 million per journey
• $300,000 icebreaker fees compared to $400,000 to pass
the Suez Canal
• Less fuel
• Less CO2 emissions
Source: CHNL http://www.arctic-lio.com
NSR SAR Centres
Icebreakers of the World (Source: USCG)
Russian LK-60 Icebreaker
Dimensions:
• 173 meters long
• 34 meters wide
• price tag of €1.1 billion
• overall power of 60 MW
• variable draught from 8.5 m to 10.8 m
Will
make it
possible
to use the
Northern
Sea
Route all
year
around
Ready for operations in
2017
Breaking All Barriers - Russian LK-110
Operational Tasks
Parameters
Escorting of ships on the traditional transportation
directions during winter-spring period.
Shaft Power
110 MW
Length
193.6 m
Escorting of large capacity ships in the year-round
export of raw resources extracted on the arctic
seas shelf.
Servicing transit transportation between Western
Europe and Far East
Breadth
Draft
Displacement
Icebreaking capability
Source: Marine Exchange of Alaska presentation
38 m
11-13 m
55 600 t
3.5 m
Source: Marine Exchange of Alaska presentation
Canadian Teekay, Japanese Mitsui OSK Lines and Korean
Daewoo signed a contract in July 2014 to build 9 Arctic
LNG icebreaker tankers for Russia’s Yamal project
LNG Shipping Scenarios
2012 Traffic in the Canadian Arctic
Cold War Map

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