ESL Center - Pasadena City College

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ESL Center
ESL 403
Fall 2011
Use of –s in verbs and nouns
Practice Preview
• Do the Practice A-B on your handout.
• Stop and look up when you are finished.
• Do not do the second half.
Why is the –s so important?
• Noun+s= plural
• Tells if something is one or many (in the noun)
– I sold my book to the bookstore.
– I sold my books to the bookstore.
• Verb+s = singular
• The verb has to have ‘s’ in simple pres if the noun is
only one (3rd person singular)=“s-v agreement”
• The book costs $100. / The books cost $100.
– The book cost $100.(NO!!!!)
• Pronunciation of –s is also important.
– depends on the last sound of the word
• 3 ways: /s/, /z/, /iz/
Spelling rules of -s
-s
-es
-ies
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Dish
Robe
Fly
Toy
Song
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Box
Page
Try
Pie
prize
WRITE THE PLURAL OF THE NOUNS OR
THE 3RD PERSON SINGULAR IN YOUR
NOTEBOOK.
So what are the rules for spelling?
What about irregular nouns?
No -‘s’
WRITE THE PLURAL OR
SINGULAR FORM IN YOUR
NOTEBOOK
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Person -__________
Mouse - __________
Woman - __________
Tooth - __________
_________ - deer
_________ - leaves
_________- syllabi
What about non-count nouns?
• Noun= no: -s
• Verb = yes: –s (singular!)
• No: many/several/ two…
• Yes: a lot of / much/ some…
But how do you make them plural?
How do you count them?
food
grammar
homework
milk
music
fruit
furniture
money
TAKE 3 WORDS AND USE THEM AS THE SUBJECT OF 3
SENTENCES. START: FOOD…
GRAMMAR…
Subject-Verb Agreement: There + ___+ sub
*There have five people in the room.
FILL IN THE BLANKS:
_______ _______ four letters in your mailbox.
_____ ______ a telephone on the desk.
Yesterday ____ ____ some things I had to do.
Tomorrow, _____ ______ some things I have to do.
Some confusing irregularities!
The United States ___ big.
Five hours ___ not enough for me.
The Japanese___ very polite.
Everything ____ so expensive.
Each of my friend/friends ____ nice.
The book I got from my parents ___
interesting.
Eating cookies ___ not healthy.
A number of students ___ here now.
Written practice
TAKE 5 MINUTES
. TO DO THE FINAL
PRACTICE ON THE HANDOUT. THEN
WE’LL CHECK YOUR ANSWERS
TOGETHER.

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