Ionic Bonding Quiz

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Quiz Review
Ionic Bonding
Periodic Trends
Formula Writing and Naming
All atoms on the periodic table
desire to become like the noble
gases. Why?
a.Noble gases have a full outermost energy
level.
b.Noble gases bond easily with other
elements.
c.Noble gases make really neat explosions.
d.Noble gases have 7 valence electrons.
Noble gases have a full outermost
energy level.
Which statement about the alkali
metals is correct?
a.They are located in the left-most column
on the periodic table.
b.They are extremely nonreactive.
c.They are usually gases.
d.They form negative ions with a -1 charge.
They are located in the left-most
column on the periodic table
Most halogens form compounds by
a.gaining an electron to form a negative ion.
b.losing an electron to form a positive ion.
c.losing protons.
d.losing neutrons.
gaining an electron to form a
negative ion
Which element is more reactive,
potassium or sodium?
a.Potassium - It gains electrons easily
because of its atomic radius.
b.Potassium - It loses electrons easily
because of its atomic radius.
c.Sodium - It gains electrons easily because
of its atomic radius.
d.Sodium - It loses electrons easily because
of its atomic radius.
Potassium - It loses electrons easily
because of its atomic radius
Which element is more reactive,
fluorine or iodine?
a.Fluorine - It loses electrons easily because
of its mass.
b.Fluorine - It gains electrons easily because
of its mass.
c.Iodine - It loses electrons easily because of
its mass.
d.Iodine - It gains electrons easily because
of its mass.
Fluorine - It gains electrons easily
because of its atomic mass
In a chemical formula, the number
of atoms in the compound is shown
by the
a.oxidation number
b.coefficient
c.superscript
d.subscript
subscript
In a chemical formula, the number
of molecules in the compound is
shown by the
a.oxidation number
b.coefficient
c.superscript
d.subscript
coefficient
How many electrons are needed in
the outer energy levels of most
atoms for the atom to be chemically
stable?
a.2
b.6
c.4
d.8
8
What kind of chemical bond is
formed when electrons are
transferred from one atom to
another?
a.ionic
b.metallic
c.covalent
d.hydrogen
ionic
What is the total number of atoms
in the compound Ca(ClO3)2?
a.2
b.6
c.3
d.9
9
How many total hydrogen
atoms are present in one molecule of
ammonium acetate NH4C2H3O2?
a.3
b.7
c.4
d.11
7
ammonium acetate NH4C2H3O2
An atom that has an electrical
charge is called a/an
a.element
b.isotope
c.ion
d.molecule
ion
When an atom loses electrons, the
atom gains a ________charge.
a.positive
b.negative
positive
When an atom gains an electron, the
atom gains a _________ charge.
a.positive
b.negative
negative
A molecule that shares electrons
unevenly between the atoms is
called
a.nonpolar
b.ionic
c.polar
d.neutral
polar
The order of atoms on the
periodic table is based on
a.the number of protons in the nucleus
b.the number of neutrons in the nucleus
c.the electric charge of the nucleus
d.atomic mass
the number of protons in the nucleus
Atoms of elements in the same
group have the same number of
a.protons
b.valence electrons
c.neutrons
d.protons and neutrons
valence electrons
Alkali metals are extremely reactive
because they
a.have very small atomic masses
b.are not solids at room temperature
c.have one valence electron that is easily
lost to form a positive ion.
d.have two valence electrons that form
compounds with calcium and magnesium
have one valence electron that is
easily lost to form a positive ion.
The electrons in a nonpolar
covalent bond are
a. gained
b. shared equally
c. lost
d. shared unequally
shared equally
The formula for magnesium
nitrate is
a. MgNO3
b. Mg(NO3)2
c. Mg2NO3
d. Mg2(NO3)3
Mg(NO3)2
How many electrons are gained/lost
by magnesium and what is the
charge of the ion that it forms?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Loses 2 electrons to form a magnesium ion
with a -2 charge.
Gains 2 electrons to from a magnesium ion
with a -2 charge.
Loses 2 electrons to form a magnesium ion
with a +2 charge.
Gains 2 electrons to form a magnesium ion
with a +2 charge.
Loses 2 electrons to form a
magnesium ion with a +2 charge
What ions make up the
compound FeCl3?
a.1Fe 3+ ion and 1Cl- ion
b.1Fe3+ ion and 3 Cl- ions
c.1Fe2+ ionic and 3Cl- ions
d.3Fe3+ ions and 1Cl- ion
1Fe 3+ ion and 1Cl- ion
Which element has the largest
atomic radius?
a.Aluminum
b.Sulfur
c.Silicon
d.Chlorine
e.Phosphorus
Aluminum
Water is considered a polar
molecule because
a.
the molecule has a net positive charge
b. the molecule has a net negative charge
c. the molecule has a net zero charge
d. the ends of the molecule have partial
negative and positive charges
The ends of the molecule have
partial negative and positive charges
Write the formula for the
following ionic bonding pairs and
name them!








Ca + Br
K + I
Na + O
B + S
Al + F
Al + SO4
NH4 + Cl
Fe (III) + NO3
Identify the # of atoms and # of
molecules for each element
C6H12O6
 2 SrCl2
 NH4(SO4)2
 2Pb(CH3CoO)2
 MgSO4

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