Instructional Design Meagan Peña Addie is an acronym for Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate (Brown & Green, 2011). Extremely popular approach and most commonly used with Instructional Design. Extremely helpful with the design process and is extremely successful. Excellent and very useful tool. Analyze Basis for all future decisions. Clarifies problems and objectives. Evaluation Design Everything is tested and evaluated. Brainstorm and come up with a plan for your goal. Implement Getting everything ready for the evaluation phase. Finalize last minute details. Develop This is where your concept is developed. 1) ANALYZE 2) DESIGN 3) DEVELOP 4) IMPLEMENT 5) EVALUATE The Analysis Phase The analysis phase clarifies the instructional problems and objectives, and identifies the learning environment and learner's existing knowledge and skills (ADDIE Model, 2013 ). Who is your audience? What is your goal? What is the learning environment? Who is your learner? What are your limitations? What will help you out the most in the design phase? Design Phase The design phase deals with learning objectives, assessment instruments, exercises, content, subject matter analysis, lesson planning, and media selection (ADDIE Model, 2013). Developer’s should: Brainstorm Create Come up with prototypes Test concepts Development Phase In the development phase, instructional designers and developers create and assemble content assets blueprinted in the design phase (ADDIE Model, 2013). o Initial Drafts o Reviews o Re-writes o Testing Implement Phase While the concepts and materials have been tested throughout the process, the implementation phase can uncover topics that require further development or re-design work (Shoemaker, 2009). This is also the phase where the project manager ensures that books, hands-on equipment, tools, CD-ROMs, and software are in place, and that the learning application or website functions (ADDIE Model, 2013). Evaluation Phase Formative Evaluation This type of Evaluation is present in each phase of the ADDIE process. Summative Evaluation This type of evaluation is more specific and allows for user feedback. After feedback is received, revisions are made. Evaluation Questions 1. Did the learner like the course? 2. Did the learner achieve what they were suppose too? 3. Does the course help achieve the specific goals? The ADDIE Model 5 Phases of The ADDIE Model 1) Analyze 2) Design 3) Develop 4) Implement 5) Evaluate • The ADDIE model was designed to help Instructional Designers design materials to help make a better learning experience. • The ADDIE Model is a blueprint for success. (Shoemaker, 2009). ADDIE Model. In Wikipedia. Retrieved June 8, 2013 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ADDIE_Model Branson, R. K., Rayner, G. T., Cox, J. L., Furman, J. P., King, F. J., Hannum, W. H. (1975). Interservice procedures for instructional systems development. (5 vols.) (TRADOC Pam 350-30 NAVEDTRA 106A). Ft. Monroe, VA: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, August 1975. (NTIS No. ADA 019 486 through ADA 019 490). Brown, Abbie & Green, Timothy D. (2011). The Essentials of Instructional Design ( 2nd Ed.). (pp. 3-17). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. DeSimone, R. L., Werner, J. M., Harris, D. M. (2002). Human Resource Development. Orlando, FL.: Harcourt, Inc Schlegel, M. J. (1995). A Handbook of Instructional and Training Program Design. ERIC Document Reproduction Service ED383281. Shoemaker, D. (2009). The ADDIE Model. Retrieved June 8, 2013 from http://www.instructionaldesignexpert.com/addie.html U.S. Army Field Artillery School (1984). A System Approach To Training. ST - 5K061FD92. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.