Chapter 3 Critically reviewing the literature

Report
By
Dileesha Sandeepana
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To conduct a ‘preliminary’ search of existing
material.
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To organize valuable ideas & findings.
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To identify other researches that may be in
progress.
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To generate research ideas.
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To develop a critical perspective.
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Deductive:
Developing a conceptual frame work which is
tested using data.
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Inductive:
Explores the data to develop theories which is
then subsequently relate to the literature.
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To refine research questions & objectives.
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To highlight research possibilities.
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To discover recommendations for further research.
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To avoid repeating work.
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To sample current opinions in newspapers &
journals.
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To provide insights into strategies, approaches &
techniques.
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Previewing
 Annotating
 Summarizing
 Comparing & contrasting
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Why am I reading this?
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What is the author trying to do in writing this?
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What is the writer saying that is relevant to
what I want to find out?
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How convincing is this?
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What use can I make of this reading?
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Include key academic theories
Demonstrate that the chosen area is
up to date.
Use clear referencing for the reader to
find the original cited publications.
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A single chapter
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A series of chapters
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Throughout the report
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Demonstrate that you have read, understood
& evaluated your material.
Link the different ideas to form a cohesive &
coherent argument.
Make clear connections to your research
objectives & the subsequent empirical
material.
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Define the research parameters.
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Generate key words.
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Discuss your research.
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Brainstorm ideas.
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Construct Relevance trees.
Techniques
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Define the scope of your review.
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Access relevance & value.
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Access sufficiency.
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Biographic details.
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Brief summary of content.
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Supplementary information.
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Stealing from another source.
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Submitting material written by another.
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Copying material without quotation marks.
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Paraphrasing material without documentation.
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Importance of critically reviewing literature.
Approaches.
Skills for effective reading.
Structure of the literature review.
Three main categories of sources.
Literature search strategy.
Evaluating.
Recording.
Thank you…

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