THE OAK TREE ECOSYSTEM Aaron Thomas Blackhall Stephen David Cronin INTERESTING FACTS The oak tree can live up to hundreds of years. An oak tree can grow to 40 metres. Oak trees do not produce seed until it is 35 years old. ACORNS The seed of the oak tree is an acorn. Each tree will produce over 50,000 acorns but only 1 or 2 will grow into oak trees. ECOSYSTEM Many animals, plants, insects and fungi depend on the oak. DECIDUOUS The oak is a deciduous hard wood tree. It loses it’s leaves every Autumn. DAIR The Irish word for oak tree is Dair. Several Irish cities are named after Dair Like Doire (Derry) Cill Dara (Kildare) T YPE’S OF OAK There are many type’s of oak English Oak Cork Oak White Oak OAK TREE GROWS Oak tree’s need: Water (Ground) Minerals (Ground) Sugar (Ground) Sunlight (Sun) Carbon Dioxide (Air) ROOTS The Oak roots spread for many metre’s underground. Their main task is to gather water and mineral’s. Many minerals come from the dead leave’s. OAK LEAF The oak leaf is one of the easiest to recognise. It has a serrated edge. PHOTOSYNTHESIS The oak leaf is a factory which turn’s water, minerals and carbon dioxide into sugar to feed the tree. This happens once the sun is warm enough. The leaf must have green chlorophyll for this to work. ECOSYSTEM The oak tree supports Insects Beetles Ladybirds Wasps Ants ECOSYSTEM The oak tree supports many birds who eat the insects and nest in the tree. Owl Sparrow Hawk ECOSYSTEM The oak tree supports small animals such as: Wood mouse Hedgehog rat ECOSYSTEM The oak tree supports larger animals such as: Squirrel Badger Fox ECOSYSTEM Lichen grow at the oak tree. Lichen is a living fungi. The fungi helps rot the dead leave’s ECOSYSTEM Insects build homes on the oak tree. Animals and insects eat the fruit, the bark and the leave’s. Birds eat the insects Birds build nests. ECOSYSTEM Wild flowers grow near the tree such as : Cowslips Primroses Daffodils ECOSYSTEM The leave’s provide a wonderful place for insects to lay their eggs. Such as the butterfly. ECOSYSTEM The two types of squirrel (Red Squirrel and the Grey Squirrel) use the tree to build their homes (drey). They eat and store thousands of acorns. ECOSYSTEM The fox uses the tree to catch other smaller animals. MAN We use the oak to build ships, furniture and pot handles.