MICS WS1 - unicef statistics

Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
Survey Design Workshop
Overview of the MICS Process
MICS Survey Design Workshop
Presentation overview
• Decision process
• Getting started
• Survey Plan and Budget
Decision to conduct MICS
• First step: Why is a survey needed?
– In principle, a survey is conducted to satisfy data
• There should be a clearly defined objective of
the survey - how data will be used
Data needs assessment
• To decide, a thorough data needs assessment
needs to be carried out
• Assess whether MICS (or another survey) will
be the answer to fill the data gap(s) in
UNICEF’s role
• On monitoring-related issues, UNICEF works
closely with NSOs and other relevant national
• UNICEF will be/is working closely with
governments to assess data needs, on the
basis of the MICS indicator list
• If a MICS is decided, the process begins
• Participation in the Global MICS Programme
Always remember
• Survey planning, design, implementation, and
dissemination is a continuous process
• Decisions made in one area influence others
• Some may be irreversible
Getting started
• Establish steering and technical committees
[Template ToRs]
• Define roles, responsibilities, and
accountabilities: the MoU (Memorandum of
[Template MoU]
• Identify survey coordinator and key personnel
[Template UNICEF MICS Consultant ToR]
Getting started
• Decide on basic features:
– Content [model questionnaires, indicator list]
– data collecting tools (paper questionnaires or computerassisted personal interviewing: CAPI)
– reporting domains, sample size [sample calculators]
– Fieldwork/data processing personnel needed [personnel
• Produce survey plan and budget, including
[Template CSP&B available]
Steering Committee
• Instrumental in full national ownership
• Senior staff from implementing agency,
UNICEF, other partners in development,
relevant line ministries and stakeholders
• Meet at critical points during implementation
– funding and advocacy, review and approve
MoU and survey plan and budget, review
survey progress, etc.
Steering Committee
• Objectives/Tasks
– To ensure transparent decision-making
– To identify a collaborative approach to
– To promote understanding for and
utilisation of survey and results
– To oversee smooth implementation
– Appoint/invite technical experts to a
Technical Committee
Technical Committee
• Works under the Steering Committee
• Composed of technical staff from
organizations represented and other
• Advise Steering Committee on technical
decisions and processes
Memorandum of Understanding
• Between government and UNICEF (and other
– Defines roles and responsibilities,
– Access and use of data,
– Modes and areas of collaboration
Survey Coordinator
• Technical person to coordinate and contribute
to technical processes
• Typically from the implementing agency
• Ensures that processes run smoothly,
protocols are followed, survey results are
understood and used by stakeholders
• Coordinate work of other technical staff
Other key technical personnel
Senior technical personnel/institution(s)
Sampling expert
Fieldwork coordinator
Data processing expert
UNICEF Support
• Full commitment to work with government
counterparts, support implementation,
ensure compliance to protocols
• Work closely with the survey coordinator
• UNICEF MICS Consultant (under M&E)
The UNICEF/MICS Support and
Coordination System
• UNICEF MICS Consultant / UNICEF Focal Point
• Regional Experts: In household surveys,
sampling, data processing
• Regional Office: MICS Coordinator/Specialist,
M&E Sections
• UNICEF New York: MICS Team, Statistics and
Monitoring Section
Review Process
• Participation in the Global MICS Programme
• A continuous review process is in place with
communication lines open
[Technical Assistance Framework Presentation]
• No one should (or can) do a survey alone
• In-country assistance by UNICEF
• Review of and feedback to all survey documents,
tools, data, and results to ensure quality, timeliness,
acceptance, and effective dissemination
Reporting Domains
• Typically national, urban/rural and regional
• Other domains may be defined or desired –
special population groups, subnational
• Careful assessment of pros and cons needed
Country Survey Plan
• The Country Survey Plan and Budget is the
operationalisation of the MICS
• It is the key document that describes all
aspects of planning and implementation
• It is an effective document of agreement and
is often used for fund-raising
• It is considered a “live” document that evolves
through the planning and implementation
CSP should answer….
• Implementing agency, MICS/Survey Team and
Governance Structure
• Questionnaires
– Which modules will be retained, which modules
will not be used?
– Any issues regarding specific questions or
question groups?
CSP should answer….
• Sampling
– What will be the sample size? [calculator]
– Sample frame? Updating necessary?
– What will be the general design
characteristics of the sample?
– What will be the domains?
CSP should answer….
• Survey instruments needed
– Equipment and supply needs [Supply document
• Training of Fieldwork Staff
– Timing, participants, length [Calculator, model
agenda, a.o. tools available]
• Fieldwork
– Timing, constraints, team composition, duration,
logistics, monitoring [Calculator available]
CSP should answer….
• Data Entry and Data Processing
– Timing, data entry team, duration, monitoring
• Data Analysis and Reporting
– Timing of production of Summary Findings Report and
Final Report
• Archiving and Dissemination
– Plans for printing, launch and dissemination of the final
Main Report and public sharing of SPSS data
– The SPSS data and survey documents will be archived
using the DDI Metadata Editor (Nesstar Publisher)
CSP should answer….
• Budget
– How much will the major budget line items cost?
– Available funding and funding needs
[Budget template available]
• Timetable
– What is the timetable envisaged for MICS
[Timetable template available]
CSP should answer….
• Technical Guidance and Support
– Detailing information on collaboration with the
Global MICS Programme
• Major Challenges and Support from UNICEF
– What are the major challenges?
– What kind of technical support will be needed? In
what areas? Who from?
Timetable and budget
• Golden rules:
– Basic measures adhered to (e.g. simultaneous
data entry)
– Good planning is key to timeliness of production
of results
– Ensure that all activities are fully funded
– A good survey plan of a necessary survey, with
national ownership and international support,
always attracts funding and is always funded
Major timetable components
Preparation, planning, governance, personnel
Adaptation of survey instruments (presentation)
Pre-test of survey instruments (presentation)
Sampling and Listing (presentation)
Main training (presentation)
Fieldwork (presentation)
Data processing* (presentation, workshop)
Data analysis and report preparation (presentation)
Dissemination of results (presentation, workshop)
Archiving and further analysis (workshop)
Budget and Timetable
…A look at the templates
Computer – Assisted Interviewing (CAPI)
• MICS started implementing surveys using
computer-assisted personal interviewing
(CAPI) in 2011
• The CAPI approach uses Tablet Personal
Computers, Pocket PC personal digital
assistants (PDAs) or smartphones as data
collection tools
Potential Benefits
• Positive improvements, but only with good
quality control in place and without
underestimating how much work it takes to
properly implement a survey.
Checking of data in real time during interview
Considerably reduced levels of missing data
Shorter interview durations
Data ready almost immediately
Survey indicators monitored early in fieldwork
CAPI Specific Survey Planning, Design and
Implementation Process
• Equipment procurement and cost
• Needed for all interviewers and supervisors
planned for fieldwork, plus IT staff
• Extra tablets/PDAs in case of problems/loss in the
• Basic PDAs/Tablet cost approx $450 with no
accessories (plus approx $100 in needed
CAPI Specific Survey Planning, Design and
Implementation Process
• Technical assistance, Preparation and Pretesting
• Significant extra programming compared with
classic data entry
• Full pretest required to properly test all aspects
of the system
• Programs must be ready and thoroughly tested
before training begins
• Difficulties in making revisions to the
programming once data collection has started
CAPI Specific Survey Planning, Design and
Implementation Process
• Training
• Paper questionnaires still important
• Train on paper first, then Tablet / PDA
• Extensive practice during training is needed
• Data transfer and logistics of transferring data to
central office
• Field staff: computer literate and comfortable with
• Balance between good interview experience and good
computer knowledge
Country Survey Plan
• Country teams planning or considering a MICS
will be required to draft and present a
‘Country Survey Plan’ on the last day of the
Country Survey Plan
• 5-10 minutes presentations
• Followed by short general discussion
• There will be preparatory discussions and
group work
Country Survey Plan
• Power point presentation is encouraged
• Handouts are optional
• Please copy all power point presentations to
the workshop laptop
Country Survey Plan
• Between now and the time of your presentation,
facilitators will work with groups of countries both
during workshop hours and after the workshop
hours, if needed
• Bilateral meetings will also be organized to meet
with country teams, if needed
• Please take advantage of facilitators. That is why we
are here

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