Fiscal Compliance Why it matters… University of Delaware Multiple Guidelines Circulars Award Document Sponsor Guidelines UD Policies Fiscal Compliance • Definition: – Oversight/stewardship of financial aspect of award • Responsible party: – Everyone is responsible to ensure proper spending of sponsored project funds – Principal Investigator has overall responsibility – Purchaser has secondary responsibility Cost Principles Reasonable and necessary Necessary for the performance of the project Prudent person test Consistent with established institutions practices Allowable under regulations or award provisions Reasonable & Necessary Allocable Within Terms & Conditions of Award Allocable and verifiable Benefits the project Easily identified and assigned Proportional to the relative benefit received by project Consistently treated Consistency in estimating, charging and reporting of direct costs and F&A Reasonable Cost may be considered reasonable if the goods/services acquired and the cost involved reflects the same action that a prudent person would have taken. • Is necessary for the performance of the sponsored agreement • Has been determined reasonable by the individuals concerned acting with due diligence • Has been determined through costing policy, consistent with established institutional policies and practices Allowable All costs must be allowable by federal regulations, sponsor terms and conditions, including program-specific requirements and University policy. • Reasonable and necessary • Allocable to sponsored agreements • Given consistent treatment appropriate to the specific circumstances at hand • In conformity to any limitations or exclusions set forth in the sponsored agreement Sample Allowable Costs • Compensation and related fringe benefits of employees for performance of work under the sponsored agreement • Costs of materials consumed or expended in the performance of the sponsored activity • Travel (in accordance with University policy and in compliance with sponsored agreement) • Equipment • Materials and Supplies • Consultants • Subawards Sample Unallowable Costs • • • • • • • • • Alcoholic Beverages Entertainment Costs Lobbying Goods/Services for Personal Use Losses on Other Sponsored Agreements Fines and Penalties Memberships in Civic/Social Clubs Costs with insufficient documentation Non-travel related Meals and Refreshments (generally not allowable direct costs) http://www.udel.edu/research/pdf/Allowability-ofmeals.pdf Example Unallowable Cost • Foreign travel – while travel is generally an allowable expense on sponsored projects, many sponsors both federal and non-federal do not allow foreign travel to be charged to the award even if the travel were related to the sponsored activity. Allocable • Every incurred cost must have a direct benefit to the sponsored project being charged. • Can be easily identified and assigned to a particular sponsored project • If a cost benefits two or more projects in proportions that can be determined without undue effort or cost, the cost should be allocated to the projects based on the proportional benefit Allocable Considerations • Allocated costs may not be shifted to other sponsored agreements in order to meet deficiencies caused by overruns, to avoid restrictions imposed by law or by terms of the sponsored agreement, or for other reasons of convenience • Costs may not be allocated based on the remaining balance in the budget of the sponsored project Reasonable Allocation Methods Reasonable methods for allocating common use scientific items and supplies may include: • Specific anticipated use per sponsored project • Full time equivalents on each sponsored project • Lab square footage • High correlation to another lab cost that is clearly allocated Example Unallocable Costs • Travel to conference by PI (not related to current sponsored activities) is not allocable as a direct cost • Salary of administrative staff to schedule meetings is not allocable as a direct cost to a specific sponsored project • Purchase of general use supplies for entire lab group with no clear allocation method is not allocable to individual sponsored projects • Equipment purchased at end of sponsored project Summary • Check with your department administrator. • Remember the “Cost Principles.” • Do not charge common items to a grant. • Supporting the expense with proper invoicing and receipts are critical to the audit process.