Plymouth Colony

PowerPoint Presentation
Mayflower Compact
Thanksgiving Day myths
Colonizing North America Unit
Plymouth Colony - PowerPoint Presentation #3
Mayflower Compact
• Why did the Pilgrims start a colony in
North America?
• How did Native Americans help the
Plymouth Colony to survive?
And the story
continues . . . . .
• Spain financed Columbus’s voyage because
they wanted a new route to Asia.
• Europeans arrived in “the New World” thus
beginning the Columbian Exchange of ideas
across the globe!
• The Dutch and French set up trading forts in
North America. Their “gold” is fur!
• The first successful English colony,
Jamestown is established in Virginia. They
begin growing tobacco.
• In the 17th century a group of English citizens
wanted to “separate” from the Church of
England. They didn’t believe it represented the
“true” Christian faith.
• The government of England (Parliament) made
this a crime. Many Separatists were
jailed, fined, and sometimes even
executed by the English throne.
• The Separatists decided to leave England.
The Separatists Leave England
• In the early 1600’s, a group of
Separatists left England for
Leyden, a city in the Netherlands.
• The Dutch allowed them to
worship freely.
• But over time the Pilgrims
worried their children would
grow up more Dutch than
English, also they missed their
English way of life.
• Many Pilgrims decided to return
back to England.
Leyden in the Netherlands
Separatists sail back to England!
• The Separatists decided to sail to
the Americas.
• Unlike the settlers of Jamestown,
they weren’t in search of
And unlike the settlers of New
France, they weren’t looking for
• Instead the Separatists hoped they
would find a place where they
could practice their religion freely
while still keeping their English
• In 1620 more than 100 Separatists
left England and set sail in a small
ship called the Mayflower to set up
a colony in Virginia.
• After a stormy two-month voyage
the Pilgrims landed on the shores
of present-day Massachusetts.
Exhausted the Pilgrims decided to
• Before the Pilgrims went ashore
they established rules for their new
settlement, which they called
Plymouth. They wrote the
Mayflower Compact. Forty-one
men who signed it agreed to work
We, whose names are underwritten . . . having
undertaken for the Glory of God, and advancement
of the Christian Faith . . . a voyage to plant the
first colony in the northern parts of Virginia . . . do
enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal
Laws . . . as shall be thought most [fitting] and
convenient for the general good of the colony.”
~Mayflower Compact
Clipart by: KPMDoodles
Signing the
Compact –
Rules for the
colony BY THE
If you were just stepping off the Mayflower what
concerns would you have regarding your
survival in a new land?
Make a list:
Early Hardships
• The Pilgrims built their settlement on the site of a
Native American village that had been abandoned
because of disease.
• With the cold harsh winter bearing upon them,
the Pilgrims didn’t have time to build adequate
shelter from the cold, or plant food to eat
throughout the winter.
• Nearly half the settlers died of disease or
• The Pilgrims believed it was God’s will for them
to remain in Plymouth.
• In the spring, the Pilgrims received help from the Native
• A Pemaquid Indian named Samoset had learned English
from earlier explorers. He introduced the Pilgrims to
Massasoit, chief of the Wampanoag tribe.
• Squanto brought the Pilgrims seeds of native plants
(corn, pumpkin, beans) and showed them how to plant
• In the Fall, the Pilgrims has a good harvest.
• They thought God had given them the harvest
and set aside a day for giving thanks. Today
we call it Thanksgiving.
What did the Pilgrims eat at
their Thanksgiving?
They didn't have corn on the cob,
apples, pears, potatoes or even
cranberries. No one knows if they
had turkey. The only food we know
they had for sure was deer. And
they didn't eat with a fork. they
didn't have forks back then!
What did the Pilgrims wear?
They did not dress in black, they
did not wear those funny buckles,
weird shoes, or black steeple hats.
Those images were drawn in the
nineteenth century, when the
popular image of the Pilgrims was
The First
Did the Pilgrims
really look like this?
What do historians know for sure?
– The first Thanksgiving was in 1621 that lasted for three days. The
feast most likely occurred between Sept. 21 and Nov. 11.
– About 90 Wampanoag Indians and 52 colonists participated.
Massasoit, the Chief of the Wamanoag Tribe contributed at least five
deer to the feast.
– The Pilgrims DID NOT HAVE cranberry sauce, potatoes and pies.
– The Pilgrims and Wampanoag communicated through Squanto, a
member of the Patuxet tribe, who learned English from earlier
– There are only two surviving descriptions of the first Thanksgiving.
One is in a letter by colonist Edward Winslow. He mentions some of
the food and activities. The second description was in a book written
by William Bradford 20 years afterward. His account was lost for
almost 100 years.
– Abraham Lincoln named Thanksgiving an annual holiday in 1863.
• Why did the Pilgrims start a colony in
North America?
• How did Native Americans help the
Plymouth Colony to survive?

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