MUD CONSTRUCTION -RIYA MODY -- KRINA PATEL -- SAKSHI GOYAL --KHUSHALI SACHANIA -- RAJVI MANIYAR -MANSI SHAH Mud: A mixture of a water, soil, silt and clay. It is essential material. 58% of buildings in India are made of mud and bricks. It is used in modern construction and its method is very difficult. Mud does not need much energy to manufacture. Mud is found in places which are relatively are dry. COLOUR -Deep yellow, orange and red : good for building construction. -Greyish or dull brown : indicates organic soil. •TOUCH & SMELL -soil that feels course when dry. -Sticky when contains lumps of clay. -Musty smell with organic matter. -Cob -Pise of rammed earth -Adobe -Pressed brick -Wattle & daub Method BANI HOUSES OF KUTCH Environmental impact Using neither cement nor rock To save natural resources. To save building materials Main materials are soil and water, mixed to be mud, if the mud is too sticky, we can add up with paddy husky or rice straw or local fiber weed or bamboo. Energy use To save energy Cool in summer Warm in Winter Capital Expenditure To save money . No air – conditioning, no electricity bills. Humidity Humidity is the crucial factor , mud-house will easily be fungus. Foul odour The brand- new mud-house may have foul odor of crushed green leaves In 2010 she received the nomination as Honorary Professor of the UNESCO Chair "Earthen Architecture". Anna Heringer won several international awards, amongst them the Aga Khan Award for Architecture and the AR Emerging Architecture Award (2006 and 2008) Vernacular architecture on verge of extinction. Mud houses in Rampur is 20-25 years old. Mud houses are made by the owners of the house. Mud used is available locally. Roof Walls Foundation Foundation is made of 2 ft. Foundation is filled with an appropriate textured mixture. The mixture is called gaaro locally. It is settled in 15 days. Water is sprinkled at intervals. Beams of bamboo sticks are used for support. They are kept tilted so that the rain water flows away. MUD HOUSE CONSTRUCTION, MAKING USE OF BEST TECHNOLOGY KNOWLEDGE , COMPATIBLE WITH LAWS OF ECOLOGY.