Who are the Pashtuns? • The Pashtuns are the dominant ethnic group in Afghanistan, accounting for a little over half the population • They speak Pashtu • They are usually Sunni Muslims (Pashtuns of Afghanistan) • The Pashtuns have the most political power in Afghanistan • Pashtuns are primarily located to the east and south and are organized into tribes (Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan) Map of the location of Pashtuns in Afghanistan As you can see, Pashtuns are densely located in the South Eastern parts of Afghanistan "Pashtun Ethnic Map." Map. US Policy in a Big World. WordPress, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.uspolicyinabigworld.com/wordpress/wpcontent/uploads/Pashtun-Ethnic-Map3.jpg>. Pashtun Culture • Pashtuns base their morals off of a code called “Pushtunwali” • The “Pushtunwali” contains values associated with honor, solidarity, hospitality, mutual support, shame and revenge which determines social order • Protecting your honor is mandatory for every Pashtun (Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan) Roles of Pashtuns • Pashtuns can often be farmers and shepherds(Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan) • Many Pashtuns hold government positions as well • They have been the dominant force in politics in Afghanistan since the foundation of the Taliban government in 1996 • Women have limited roles(Pashtuns in Afghanistan) Clothing and appearance of Pashtuns • Pashtuns are typically light skinned and have high cheek bones • Most Pashtuns wear a knee length skirt over baggy pants • Unmarried women wear cotton shirts with red pants, while married women wear cotton shirts with blue pants • They wear turbans with one end hanging over the shoulder(unique to the Pashtuns) (Pashtuns In Afghanistan) This is a Pashtun man. Notice how the one end of the turban is hanging over his shoulder. N.d. Photograph. Http://cdn.criticalppp.com. WordPress. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://cdn.criticalppp.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Nawaz-Sharif-with-Turban457x600.jpg>. Pashtun Tribes • The Pashtuns are made up of many subunits • They are split up in to two main tribes, the Durrani and the Ghilzai • The Durrani is located in the south of Afghanistan • The Ghilzai is located to the north of the Durrani, near the Pakistan border • The Durrani and the Ghilzai each have their own subtribes(Pashtuns in Afghanistan) Durrani and Ghilzai subtribes • Durrani subtribes: Achakzai, Alizai, Barakzai, Mohammadzai, and Popalzai • Ghilzai subtribes: Ahmadzai, Kharruti, Hotaki, Wardak, Jaji, and Jadran • There are some other little tribes Afghanistan including the Tani, Mangal, Khugiani, Safi, Mohmand, Afridi, Khatak, Orakzai, Waziri, Mahsud, Chamkani, and the Shinwari, and more(Pashtuns in Afghanistan) Map of the tribes and their subtribes in Afghanistan As you can see, the Durrani and it subtribes are located in the south of Afghanistan. The Ghilzai and its subtribes are north of the Durrani near the border of Pakistan. "Pashtun Tribal Map." Map. University of West Flordia. UWF, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. Works Cited • "AllRefer.com - Afghanistan - Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan - Afghanistan Pashtun | Afghan Information Resource." AllRefer.com - Afghanistan - Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan - Afghanistan Pashtun | Afghan Information Resource. AllRefer, n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. • N.d. Photograph. Http://cdn.criticalppp.com. WordPress. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. • "Pashtun Ethnic Map." Map. US Policy in a Big World. WordPress, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. • "Pashtuns in Afghanistan." Public Intelligence. Public Intelligence, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. • "Pashtuns of Afghanistan." Pashtuns of Afghanistan. WebMedia INteractive, n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. • "Pashtun Tribal Map." Map. University of West Flordia. UWF, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012.