Offensive Operations - Rutgers University Army ROTC

Report
How to Read an OPORD
AGENDA
• How to read an OPORD
• OPORD Development
• Execution Paragraph
Reading an OPORD:
STEP 1: Familiarization
• Read OPORD from beginning to end
– Read everything so that you’re familiar with what
information was given to you
– Pay special attention to overall situation and
Company/Platoon Mission
– Don’t get too bogged down in the details during
this first reading
Reading an OPORD:
STEP 2: Details
• Go through the OPORD again
– This time, highlight anything you feel would be
specific to your squad
– In a different color, highlight any references to
elements supporting you (ex. Engineers, Scouts,
etc.)
– Make notes on any questions you have for CO/PL
Reading an OPORD:
STEP 3: Mission Analysis
• Now conduct a detailed mission analysis
– Should be easier to pick out specified tasks
– Other elements highlighted will help you with
implied tasks (ex. rehearse with attachments;
Coordinate load plan, etc.)
SITUATION
• Situation.
Enemy Forces Lists a detailed description of what the enemy
activity is in your area or at the OBJ and states who gathered
the intel. It should list enemy COA (most likely and most
dangerous). This is where you draw the comp/dispo from.
• Friendly Forces.
– Higher Unit (Two level up): What is the next unit ups mission
– Higher Unit (One level up): What is the next unit ups mission
– Right Unit: Who is to your right
– Left Unit: Who is to your left.
• Civilian Considerations: Pertinent information about civilians
an their impact on the mission
• Attachments / Detachments: Is anyone staying from your
unit/anyone being added
Mission
Statement
WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN AND WHY
Example
3/B/2-11 IN attacks to destroy enemy on
OBJ Bear (GL123456) NLT 041200JUL05 in
order to prevent enemy counterattack into
company AO
EXECUTION
•
Execution
Commanders Intent:
Purpose:
Key Tasks:
End State:
Concept of the Operation brief description on how the overall operation will be
executed
Scheme of Maneuver. Detailed description of how your unit will
execute the mission from start to finish
Scheme of Fires. are there any indirect fire assets assigned to support
your mission
Tasks to Maneuver/Subordiante Unit Specific tasks assigned to
squads/teams
Coordinating Instructions.
Uniform and Equipment Common to all: Uniform and equipment as
proscribed by SOPs and specific guidance
Timeline: Timeline that states who, what, when and where events / tasks
are to be accomplished / step by step with time how the mission will
progress
PIR – Information needed by higher to gather intel on enemy in AO
SUSTAINMENT
• Logistics: All logistical and coordinating
information
– General:
– Supply:
– Class I
– Miscellaneous:
– Transportation:
– Services:
• Personnel
– Information about EPW etc.
• Health System Support
– Information about medical support
COMMAND AND CONTROL
Command
Location of Higher: PL or CO
Location of leader during MVMT
Succession of Command
Control
Location of Higher Unit HQ/CP
Reports: outside SOP, directed from higher
Signal
Call Signs
Number Combo
Challenge and Password
Running Password
Practical Exercise
Breaking down OPORD
1. Situation.
Enemy. S-2 confirms via UAV South Atropian People’s Army (SAPA) defensive
positions to our front. Security consists of 2 to 3 lightly armed soldiers who will defend
strongly.
Friendly Forces.
Higher Unit : (Two Levels up) 1st Battalion conducts a zone recon of AO Cemetery
Ridge NLT (H+80) to locate enemy forces and facilitate targeting of SAPA positions
Higher Unit: (One Level up) Alpha Company conducts a Zone Reconnaissance in AO
Thor NLT (H+80) in order to collect intelligence on the strength and disposition of the
SAPA positions
Right Unit: (SO1) 2nd PLT, Alpha Company conducts Area Reconnaissance of OBJ
Mongoose (H+45) in order to collect intelligence on the strength and disposition of the
SAPA positions
Left Unit: (SO2) 3rd PLT, Alpha Company conducts Area Reconnaissance of OBJ
Snake (H+45) in order to collect intelligence on the strength and disposition of the SAPA
positions
Civilian Considerations. Civilians in the AO are generally supportive of Atropian
Defense Force (ADF) and US forces, however some civilians within the AO support
SAPA forces
Attachments / Detachments. None.
2. Mission. (DO)1st PLT Alpha Company, conducts Area Reconnaissance of OBJ
Rat (H+80) in order to collect intelligence on the strength and disposition of the
SAPA positions
1. Situation.
Enemy. S-2 confirms via UAV South Atropian People’s Army (SAPA) defensive
positions to our front. Security consists of 2 to 3 lightly armed soldiers who will defend
strongly.
Removed
Friendly Forces.
Higher Unit : (Two Levels up) 1st Battalion conducts a zone recon of AO Cemetery
Ridge NLT (H+80) to locate enemy forces and facilitate targeting of SAPA positions
Higher Unit: (One Level up) Alpha Company conducts a Zone Reconnaissance of
OBJ Thor NLT (H+80) in order to collect intelligence on the strength and disposition of
Two Levels up
the SAPA positions
Right Unit: (SO1) 2nd PLT, Alpha Company conducts Area Reconnaissance of OBJ
Mongoose (H+45) in order to collect intelligence on the strength and disposition of the
SAPA positions
Removed
Left Unit: (SO2) 3rd PLT, Alpha Company conducts Area Reconnaissance of OBJ
Snake (H+45) in order to collect intelligence on the strength and disposition of the SAPA
positions
Removed
Civilian Considerations. Civilians in the AO are generally supportive of Atropian
Defense Force (ADF) and US forces, however some civilians within the AO support
SAPA forces
Attachments / Detachments. None.
2. Mission. (DO)1st PLT Alpha Company, conducts Area Reconnaissance of
OBJ Rat (H+80) in order to collect intelligence on the strength and
of
Onedisposition
Level up
Execution.
Commander’s Intent
Purpose: The purpose of this operation is to collect actionable intelligence
on SAPA positions in Kilmer Woods for future targeting by coalition forces
Key Tasks:
Avoid detection by SAPA forces
Collect all PIR
Do not become decisively engaged
Endstate: I envision that all PIR has been collected and that future
operations can be planned to eliminate the SAPA in Klimer Woods
Concept of the Operation.
scheme of Maneuver. We will cross LD / PL (5 meters to the front) at (H+45) in a
PLT Wedge, SQD Colum. 1st SQD is the PLT’s decisive operation and the lead
element of PLT. 2nd SQD is on the right, 3rd SQD is on left. We will move along
route Blue to a reconnaissance position determined by your squad (METT-TC) 50-75
meters from the OBJ. From the reconnaissance positions, Your SQD will reconnoiter
OBJ Rat. 2nd Squad will protect the right flank. 3rd SQD is the reserve and will
provide rear security.
Fires. Our PLT has no fires.
Execution.
Commander’s Intent
Purpose: The purpose of this operation is to collect actionable intelligence
on SAPA positions in Kilmer Woods for future targeting by coalition forces
Key Tasks:
Avoid detection by SAPA forces
Collect all PIR
Do not become decisively engaged
Endstate: I envision that all PIR has been collected and that future
operations can be planned to eliminate the SAPA in Klimer Woods
Concept of the Operation.
scheme of Maneuver. We will cross LD / PL (5 meters to the front) at (H+45) in a
PLT Wedge, SQD Colum. 1st SQD is the PLT’s decisive operation and the lead
element of PLT. 2nd SQD is on the right, 3rd SQD is on left. We will move along
route Blue to a reconnaissance position determined by your squad (METT-TC) 50-75
meters from the OBJ. From the reconnaissance positions, Your SQD will reconnoiter
OBJ Rat. 2nd Squad will protect the right flank. 3rd SQD is the reserve and will
provide rear security.
Right and Left Units Identified
Fires. Our PLT has no fires.
EXECUTION CONT.
Tasks to Maneuver Unit.
1st (Your) SQD:
Task(T): Lead in the PLT wedge Purpose(P): Determine reconnaissance position
T: Report when set in the reconnaissance position P: Coordinate adjacent SQD
movements
T: Conducts reconnaissance NLT (H+80) P: Collect all PIR on SAPA
T: Report all PIR to Platoon Leader upon completion P: Aide in the analysis and
development of follow on missions
2nd SQD.
T: Right flank in PLT wedge P: Protect PLT’s flank during movement
T: Establish a blocking position P: Protect 1st SQD during their Recon of OBJ Rat
3rd SQD.
T: Left flank in PLT wedge P: Protect the PLT’s flank during movement
T: Provide reserve for PLT during the Recon P: provide rear security and a QRF for 1st
SQD.
Coordinating Instructions.
Uniform and Equipment Common to all: IAW SOP
Timeline. H hour delivery of the OPORD / H+45 PLT begins MVMT / H+80 PLT
conducts Area recon of OBJ Rat
PIR. Type of communications equipment; radio frequencies; type of weapons.
EXECUTION CONT.
Tasks to Maneuver Unit.
1st (Your) SQD:
Task(T): Lead in the PLT wedge Purpose(P): Determine reconnaissance position
T: Report when set in the reconnaissance position P: Coordinate adjacent SQD
movements
T: Conducts reconnaissance NLT (H+80) P: Collect all PIR on SAPA
T: Report all PIR to Platoon Leader upon completion P: Aide in the analysis and
development of follow on missions
Scheme of Maneuver
2nd SQD.
T: Right flank in PLT wedge P: Protect PLT’s flank during movement
T: Establish a blocking position P: Protect 1st SQD during their Recon of OBJ Rat
3rd SQD.
T: Left flank in PLT wedge P: Protect the PLT’s flank during movement
T: Provide reserve for PLT during the Recon P: provide rear security and a QRF for 1st
SQD.
Right and Left Unit Info.
Coordinating Instructions.
Uniform and Equipment Common to all: IAW SOP
Timeline. H hour delivery of the OPORD / H+45 PLT begins MVMT / H+80 PLT
conducts Area recon of OBJ Rat
PIR. Type of communications equipment; radio frequencies; type of weapons.
SUSTAINMENT
Logistics;
General. Company Trains located in Company AA (to rear of SQD
AA).
Material and Services.
Supply: No resupply available for 24 hrs.
Class I cycle is M-M-M.
Top off water in your current positions before moving out.
Miscellaneous: __________ Smoke available.
Transport: None.
Services: None.
Medical: Casualty collection point at AA. MEDEVAC available upon
request.
Personnel:
EPW collection points located at AA and o/o assault position.
Health System Support
Medical: Casualty collection point at the AA. MEDEVAC available
upon request
SUSTAINMENT
Logistics;
General. Company Trains located in Company AA (to rear of SQD
AA).
Material and Services.
Supply: No resupply available for 24 hrs.
Class I cycle is M-M-M.
Top off water in your current positions before moving out.
Miscellaneous: __________ Smoke available.
Transport: None.
Services: None.
Medical: Casualty collection point at AA. MEDEVAC available upon
request.
Personnel:
EPW collection points located at AA and o/o assault position.
Health System Support
Medical: Casualty collection point at the AA. MEDEVAC available
upon request
.
Command and Control.
Command.
Higher Unit Location:
Platoon Leader follows Your SQD and 3rd SQD.
Succession of Command: PL, PSG, You, 2nd SL, 3rd SL.
Control Alpha Company CP is located at BP Tango
Reports Crossing LD/ Enemy contact / Establishment of ORP
/Commencement of RECON / Recon complete with PIR and SALUTE /
SITREPS as needed
Signal.
Call Signs: CO= Alpha 6 XO= Alpha 5 1SG= Alpha 7 FO= Alpha 8 PL=White
6, PSG= White 7, FO= White 53, You= White 1, 2SL= White 2, 3SL= White 3.
Number Combination: 5.
Challenge and Password: Whiskey / Hangover.
Running Password: Hammered.
Command and Control.
Command.
Higher Unit Location:
Platoon Leader follows Your SQD and 3rd SQD.
Succession of Command: PL, PSG, You, 2nd SL, 3rd SL.
Control Alpha Company CP is located at BP Tango
Reports Crossing LD/ Enemy contact / Establishment of ORP
/Commencement of RECON / Recon complete with PIR and SALUTE /
SITREPS as needed
Signal.
Call Signs: CO= Alpha 6 XO= Alpha 5 1SG= Alpha 7 FO= Alpha 8
PL=White 6, PSG= White 7, FO= White 53, 1SL= White 1, 2SL= White 2,
3SL= White 3.
Number Combination: 5.
Challenge and Password: Whiskey / Hangover.
Running Password: Hammered.
BREAKING THE ORDER DOWN
FROM PLT TO SQD
Situation
Enemy. S-2 confirms via UAV South Atropia People’s Army (SAPA) defensive positions
to our front. Security consists of 2 to 3 lightly armed soldiers who will defend strongly.
Most probable COA – they will stay and defend their position strongly.
Most dangerous COA – they will call for reinforcements on our position.
Friendly.
Higher unit: A Co conducts an Area Recon in AO Thor NLT (H+80) to locate enemy
forces to facilitate the targeting of SAPA positions.
Higher unit: 1st PLT, A Co, conducts Area Recon of OBJ Rat, vicinity grid
EG16548455, NLT H+80 IOT collect intelligence on the strength and disposition of the
SAPA positions
Right unit: 2nd SQD protects right flank
Rear unit: 3rd SQD in reserve and provides rear security and a QRF for 1st SQD
Civilian Considerations. Civilians in the AO are generally supportive of Atropian
Defense Force (ADF) and US forces, however some civilians within the AO support
SAPA forces
Attachments/Detachments. None
Mission:
1SQD, 1st PLT Alpha Company , Alpha Company conducts Area Reconnaissance of
OBJ Rat (H+80) in order to collect intelligence on the strength and disposition of the
SAPA positions
Execution
Commanders Intent: Not given
Purpose:
Key Tasks:
Concept of the Operation
This will be a 5 Phase operation; Phase 1 Actions in the AA, Phase 2;
cross LD/move to and establish an ORP, Phase 3; ID release point and
pin point the OBJ, Phase 4; Actions on the OBJ, Phase 5; Consolidation
and reorganization (5-Phases)
Scheme of Maneuver. 5-Phases in detail.
Scheme of Fires. None.
Tasks to Maneuver Unit.
A Team will be primary compass/ pace and demo
B Team will be alternate pace/compass and primary EPW.
Coordinating Instructions.
Uniform /Equipment Common to all
Timeline:
PIR – Types of commo, radio freqs and weapons types.
SUSTAINMENT.
General. Company trains located to our rear.
Material and Services.
Supply: No resupply available for 24 hrs.
Class I cycle is M-M-M.
Top off water in our current position before moving out.
Transpo: None
Services: None
Medical: CCP located at AA. MEDEVAC is available upon
request.
Personnel: EPW CP located AA and on assault position.
Miscellaneous: _______ smoke available.
Command and Control.
Command.
Higher Unit Location: A Co CP follows main effort.
PL follows our squad and 3rd SQD.
Succession of Command: Myself, ATL, BTL
Control
Location of CP- Alpha Co CP is located at…
Reports – Crossing the LD, enemy contact, captured EPWs, ACE after
consolidation and SITREP/SALUTE as needed.
Signal: CO= Alpha 6, PL = White 6, PSG = White 7, Me = White 1, 2SL=
White 2, 3SL = White 3.
# Combo: 5
Challenge/Password: Whiskey/ Hangover.
Running Password: Hammered.
The time is now _________________ what are your questions?
Concept Sketch Requirements
• Enemy (crew served wpns, ops, battle positions)
• Friendly Depict Terrain (contour lines, roads, streams,
vegetation, obstacles)
• Maneuver (your squad icons)
• Task and purpose for DO and SO
• Any Control Measures to help your subordinates visualize
your concept (TRPs, IDF targets, ORP, SBF, etc.)
• Decisive Point and why
• North arrow for orientation
Execution Paragraph
III. EXECUTION (cont’d)
Concept of the Operation (incorporate the sketch/terrain model)
-- Scheme of Maneuver
Write out step by step how actions are going to
occur from the beginning of the mission to
completion. Focus your attention on Actions On
the Objective!!
(Use Sketch/Terrain Model to Brief Maneuver!!)
Execution Paragraph
SCHEME OF MANEUVER
Can be done in several ways:
- By phase (a narrative broken into parts--see your
Company OPORD), You will use the Patented Rutgers
5 Phases
- Shown strictly on sand table/sketch (field planning)
Execution Paragraph
SCHEME OF MANEUVER
•
Must be complete from crossing LD to C/R with primary focus being
on Action on OBJ (ORP through to Consolidation/Reorganization)
•
No detail is too small (azimuths, distances, orientations, method for
crossing LDA, positioning of MGs, sectors of fire, location of key
leaders, critical times, signals, location of CCP/supplies, IDF
targets/types, movement formations/techniques, etc… )
•
Be mindful not to micromanage
•
Again—details, details, details…
Sand Table Lay Out
Lane
Walker
12
9
3
AR
AR
6
Sand Table
G
G
R
R
ATL
BTL
SL
Concept Sketch / Stand Table
SQD ATTACK
LL
RL
LOA
LOA
OBJ Grid ET12345678
OBJ
ORP Grid ET12345678
AA Grid ET12345678
180 degrees,
100M
N
ORP
LD
LD
180 degrees,
250M
RL
LL
AA
THE END

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