Architecture CAD - Stevenson High School

Report
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SPACE
PLANNING
living
sleeping
service
Architecture
CAD
Stevenson High School
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3 BASIC AREAS OF RESIDENCE
 Sleeping
Area
 Where the family resides to sleep and rest.
 Living
Area
 Where the family relaxes, dines, entertains
guests, and gathers.
 Service
Area
 Where food is prepared, clothes are
laundered, goods are stored, the car is
parked, and house equipment is stored.
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3 BASIC AREAS OF RESIDENCE
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SPACE
PLANNING
sleeping
Sleeping Area:
Where the family sleeps and rests.
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SLEEPING AREA
 The
sleeping area comprises about onethird of the home.
 Includes
bedrooms, bathrooms, dressing
rooms, and nurseries.
 Normally
home.
 Should
located in a quiet area of the
have a south or southwest
orientation.
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SLEEPING AREA - BEDROOMS
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SLEEPING AREA - BEDROOMS
 Houses
are frequently categorized by the
number of bedrooms.
 Family
size usually determines the
number of bedrooms
 Bedrooms
bathroom
should be located close to a
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SLEEPING AREA - BEDROOMS
 Functional
Bedroom Layout
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SLEEPING AREA - BATHROOMS
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SLEEPING AREA - BATHROOMS
 Bathroom’s
generally contain a sink, toilet, &
tub/shower.
A
bathroom with a sink & toilet is considered a
half bath.
 Bathrooms
with a sink, toilet, tub and/or shower
is considered a full bath
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SLEEPING AREA - BATHROOMS
 Bathroom
Safety
 Electrical
switches should not be within reach of
the tub.
 Use
ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI)
outlets in the bathroom.
 Bathroom
ventilation is a necessity.
 Ventilation
can be provided by windows or an
exhaust fan.
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SLEEPING AREA - BATHROOMS
 Typical
bathroom layouts
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SLEEPING AREA - BATHROOMS
 One
or more bathrooms should be near the
bedrooms and living areas of the home.
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SPACE
PLANNING
living
Living Area:
Where the family relaxes, dines, entertains
guests, and gathers.
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LIVING AREA

The living area consists of four main parts:

Living/Family Rooms
 Living - Where the family entertains guests, usually a
more formal setting.
 Family - Gathering for group recreation like talking,
reading, watching TV, and other family activities

Dining Room
 Where the family relaxes, dines, entertains guests,
and gathers.

Entryway/Foyer
 Main entry

Outdoor Space
 Outdoor entertainment space, an informal setting
(patios, decks, porches, pools, fire pits, etc.)
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LIVING AREA – LIVING ROOM
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LIVING AREA – LIVING ROOM
 Often
the center of activity, usually a more formal
setting.
 Lifestyle
 Do
will determine the size and arrangement.
not use as a traffic corridor.
 Raising
or lowering the floor level discourages
through traffic.
 Take
advantage of outside views.
 Entrance
room.
into house should not be into the living
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LIVING AREA – LIVING ROOM
 Functional
Living Room Layout
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LIVING AREA – FAMILY ROOM
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LIVING AREA – FAMILY ROOM
 Informal, all-purpose
room in a house similar to a
living room.
 Group
recreation like talking, reading, watching TV,
and other family activities
 Family
room is located often adjacent to the
kitchen
 Often
has doors leading to the back yard and
specific outdoor living areas such as a deck,
garden, or terrace.
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LIVING AREA – DINING ROOM
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LIVING AREA – DINING ROOM
 May
be formal or informal.
 Special
 The
 It
 It
place for eating and family gatherings.
dining room should be adjacent to the kitchen.
should also be adjacent to the living room.
should provide for the natural movement of
guests.
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LIVING AREA – DINING ROOM
 Functional
Dining Room Placement
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LIVING AREA – ENTRYWAY/FOYER
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LIVING AREA – ENTRYWAY/FOYER

The main entry should be centrally located.

It should open into a foyer.

Glass side panels provide visibility, natural light, and design
feature.

The entryway should provide protection from the weather
using:
 Wide overhangs.
 Recessed entry.

It should be compatible with the overall house design.

It should provide enough space for several people.
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LIVING AREA – OUTDOOR SPACE
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LIVING AREA – OUTDOOR SPACE

Patios, porches, and decks enlarge the area and function of a
home.

Privacy: Screens, walls, and plants.

Commonly used materials:

Concrete, brick, stone, rot-resistant wood.

May function as outdoor eating areas.

Balconies and verandas are types of porches that are higher.
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LIVING AREA – OUTDOOR SPACE

Patios are near the house, but not structurally connected to it.

Patios are used for relaxing, playing, entertaining, and living.

Porches and decks are different from patios in two ways:

Generally structurally connected.

Raised above the grade.

Porches are covered.

Decks are not covered.
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SPACE
PLANNING
service
Service Area:
Where food is prepared, clothes are laundered, goods
are stored, the car is parked, and house equipment is
stored.
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SERVICE AREA

The service area supplements the living and sleeping areas
of the house.

Supplies equipment and space for:


Maintenance.

Storage.

Service.
Includes kitchen, laundry rooms, garage or carport, utility,
and storage.
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SERVICE AREA – KITCHEN
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SERVICE AREA – KITCHEN

The principal use of the kitchen is food preparation, but may
include dining and storage.

The kitchen is usually the most expensive room in the house
per square foot.

Planning an efficient kitchen involves:

Placement of appliances.

Providing adequate storage cabinets.

Providing food preparation facilities.
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SERVICE AREA – KITCHEN

Kitchen eating areas should be convenient for serving
informal meals.

Kitchen eating areas should be located outside the food
preparation area.

Allow sufficient space for
seating and moving about.

Good lighting is important
for the eating area.
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SERVICE AREA – KITCHEN
 The
work triangle is one
measure of kitchen
efficiency.
 The
distance from the
front-center of the range
to the refrigerator to the
sink and back to the
range is the length of the
work triangle.
 The
total distance
should not exceed 22
feet.
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SERVICE AREA – GARAGE/CARPORT
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SERVICE AREA – GARAGE/CARPORT

The purpose of a garage or carport is to provide shelter for
the family cars.

Attached to the house or freestanding.

Sizes depend on number of cars, size and layout of house,
and space available.

A covered walkway enhances
free-standing structures.

A garage can provide space for
outdoor recreation or gardening
tools.

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