23.2 Lincoln’s Election & Secession MAIN IDEA The election of Lincoln led the Southern states to secede from the Union. WHY IT MATTERS NOW This was the only time in U.S. history that states seceded from the Union. Standards • 8.10.3 Identify the constitutional issues posed by the doctrine of nullification and secession and the earliest origins of that doctrine. • 8.10.4 Discuss the Abraham Lincoln’s presidency and his significant writing and speeches and their relationship to the Declaration of Independence, such as his “House Divided” speech (1858) and first inaugural address (1861). Daily Guided Questions 1. Why did the election of Abraham Lincoln spark the secession of southern states? 2. What was Lincoln’s intent when he came into office? 3. What was the first battle that started the American Civil War? Quick Write Analyze the election map of 1860. 1. What do you notice about the map. 2. What do the four colors on the map stand for? 3. Which party won nearly all of the northern states? 4. Which won all of the southern states? 5. How does the map show that sectionalism was important in the election? Election of 1860 • Republicans choose Abraham Lincoln. • Democrats split due to the issue of slavery. -N. Democrats choose Stephen Douglas. -S. Democrats choose VP John Breckinridge. • Southerners who wanted to save the Union create the Constitutional Union Party. -Choose John Bell. Southern States Secede • With Lincoln’s win, southern states believe that they will not have a voice in government. • South Carolina is the first state to secede. -Sends declaration dissolving union. Daily Guided Question Why did the election of Abraham Lincoln spark the secession of southern states? Discuss the question for a couple of minutes and formulate an answer with your elbow partner. Confederate States of America, CSA • Following South Carolina’s example, six more states secede from the Union. -Many do not want to, but support southern way of life. • Leaders met to create: -Government. -Constitution. -Elect president, Jefferson Davis. Davis Lincoln’s 1st Inaugural Address • Assured southern states he wouldn’t interfere with slavery “where it already exist.” • War was on the hands of the southern states. -South begins to take over gov. buildings. Daily Guided Question What was Lincoln’s intent when he came into office? Discuss the question for a couple of minutes and formulate an answer with your elbow partner. Fort Sumter, SC. • Cut off since Dec. 1860. • Lincoln doesn’t want to give it up. -Doesn’t want to send troops. • Fired upon and surrendered on April 12, 1861. -Start of a civil war. Daily Guided Question What was the first battle that started the American Civil War? Discuss the question for a couple of minutes and formulate an answer with your elbow partner. What/Why Important/As A Result Vocab. • Create and complete a What/Why Important/As A Result vocabulary chart. • Choose three words from pg. 373377. Primary Source Analysis • Analyze Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address. • Answer the questions at the end of the reading in complete sentences. Study Guide pg. 168 • Copy and complete the study guide on pg. 168 • Use notes or textbook pages 373377, to complete study guide.