Children’s Reading Development Presented by: Whitley Starnes Lydia Bolls Jessica Fisk What is your earliest memory of learning to read? What did you already know before you started school? How do you think children learn to read? Stages of Reading Development 14-18 Multiple Viewpoints Learning the New Confirmation, Fluency, and Ungluing of Print 9-14 8-9yrs 6-8yrs Initial Reading or Decoding 0-6yrs Prereading Prereading Stage Birth – 6 Years Old Emergent Readers pretend to read (uses pictures to tell story) Concepts About Print & Words: book-orientation does not differentiate between words and objects can read environmental print example: Prereading Stage By the end of this stage, most children know . . . how to write their name. the names of letters in the alphabet AND can identify most letters and a few words (CVC words ex. cat). Some children at this stage know . .. the sounds that letters make. words stand for objects. words carry meaning. Beginning to understand literacy terms such as word, letter, sound, sentence. Before entering the first grade, a child is exposed to approximately 6,000 words through speaking and vocabulary. Initial Reading & Decoding 6-8 years old • Develop understanding of alphabetic principle • Learn the letters of the alphabet • Letters and the sounds they make • Knowledge of soundspelling relationships • Decode words • Example: Cat /c/ /a/ /t/ Confirmation, Fluency, Ungluing from Print 8-9 years old Further developing decoding skills Additional strategies to decode words Start to make meaning from text End of Age Period Developing fluency Reading with expression Sounds like talking TRANSISITON From “learning to read” to “reading to learn” Learning the New 9-14 years old Purpose of reading is to obtain information and learn Texts (informational books) Wide variety of genres Begin to analyze and criticize what they read Multiple Viewpoints 14-18 years old Complex language & vocabulary Texts Containing varying viewpoints Required to analyze critically Use textbooks to learn information and complete homework References J.S. Chall. Stages of Reading Development. McGraw-Hill. 1983 Chall's Six Stages of Reading Development: https://sites.google.com/a/ghsvi .org/learning-resourcecenter/home/chall-s-six-stagesof-reading-development Tompkins, G. (2010). Literacy for the 21st Century: A Balanced Approach (5th ed.). New Jersey: Allyn & Bacon.