S&T Inputs - LIRNEasia

In-situ capacity building for telecom
reform in Asia - next steps
Sujata Gamage
August 7, 2007
LIRNEasia, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Objective of CPRsouth
 The conference aims to provide a forum for
senior, junior and mid-career scholars to meet
face-to-face and exchange ideas, establish
networking opportunities and improve the
quality of their scholarly work, in order to
facilitate the long-term objective of fostering
the next generation of active scholars and
in-situ experts capable of contributing to
ICT policy and regulatory reform in the
Strategy CPRsouth1-2005
Identify experts on the basis of quality of their
Increase the Web presence of the experts
Bring the experts and their work to the attention of
the policymakers/operators
Status CPRsouth – 2007
Very little leeway in affecting quality, unless there is a
concerted field building effort. We have to work with
what we get from universities
80% of Full-texts of papers by the CPRsouth
community* are present on the Web; half of them
have abstracts with the full text avaialble for a fee.
Focus of this presentation
Those who have written one or more papers related to telecom reform in Asia, up
to 2005
Reassessing Strategy for 2007
 What can we learn from literature on impact of
research in other applications?
Types of Applications
and desired impact (work in progress)
 Technical
innovations in manufacturing and services
 Technical/Policy
solid waste or air quality problems
 Policy
improving the lives of people through their better
use of ICTS or better access to health care
SE&M: Science, Engineering and Management
Types of expertise
In situ SE&M experts capable of contributing to the
growth of manufacturing and services in the region
In situ SE&M experts with policy know-how capable
of contributing the resolution of, say, solid waste or
air quality problems in the region
in-situ policy experts capable of contributing to the
improving of, say, lives of people in Asia through
their use of ICTS or access to health care
SE&M: Science, Engineering and Management
Relevance to technical applications
Measured by inputs/outputs
 Percent industry funding received
 Rate of patenting and licensing
 Citations in the patent literature
 Rate of industry start-ups
Extensive literature on knowledge to innovation in manufacturing (Ben Martin,
Keith Pavitt, Jonathan Katz, Daina HicKs and others from Science Policy
Research Unit (SPRU), University of Sussex; Diana Hicks, from the Georgia
Institute of Technology; Caroline Wagenr from RAND/GWU other EU scholars;
Literature on services is emerging
Innovations systems theory ()
Market forces v. Industrial policy debate (xx v. Romer)
Relevance to technical/policy applications
Measured by inputs
 The scientific status of the research
 Its ability to address primary environmental
It is accepted that relevance depends on the
policy environment (i.e. position of modeled
environmental issues on the political agenda)
T. Holloway. Columbia Earth Institute, Columbia U;
Relevance to policy applications
Measured by how well the work by the experts
relate to the policy environment
 Answers are being sought to the [policy]
questions at hand?
 Intended users identified ?
 Means to reach them identified too?
BENSING Jozien M. (1) ; CARTS-VERHALLEN Wilma M. C. M. (2) ; DEKKER Joost (3) ;
DELNOIJ Diana M. J. (2) ; GROENEWEGEN Peter P. (2003). Doing the right thing
and doing it right: Toward a framework for assessing the policy relevance of
health services research. International journal of technology assessment in
health, vol. 19, no4, pp. 604-612 [9 page(s) (article)] (19 ref.)
Relevance by type of application
 Technical
 SE&M expertise required.
 Quality, Presence and Relevance of research can be
measured, more or less
 Technical/policy
 SE&M expertise and policy know-how required.
 Quality and Presence can be assessed but impact
difficult to measure
 Policy
 Both policy and advocacy expertise required
 Presence can be assessed but Quality and Relevance
are difficult to measure; Quality and Relevance linked.
SE&M: Science, Engineering and Management
More on policy advocacy
Edward Said
 Speaking truth to power
Speaking truth to power is no idealism: It is
carefully weighing the alternatives, picking the
right one, and then intelligently representing it
where it can do the most good and cause the
right change
(Edward Said (1994), Representations of the
Intellectual: The Reith Lectures)
Lessons for CPRsouth….
 In situ policy experts should be skilled in both
policy and advocacy.
 We can not expect individuals from knowledge
institutions to fill that role? (except in a rare case
or two?)
 Institutions such as LIRNEasia are better
positioned by mission, than knowledge
institutions, to distill and present the scholarly
research to policymakers. Are we doing that?
Linking knowledge to practice
Organizations with dual mission (knowledge/practice) as bridges?
Dual mission
Bridging can occur through (a) the use of university research to strengthen policy arguments
(b) facilitating pass-trough of personnel from knowledge to practice and vice versa.
 Research from universities and research
institutes have to be relevant to dual
mission organizations such as LIRNEasia
 CPRsouth Web page should archive
research documents for the benefit of
 dual mission organizations and
 occasional policy intellectuals from the
knowledge or practice domains
Questions for LIRNEasians
 How much of the research that came out of
the knowledge mapping exercise was used
by you to strengthen the arguments made
in the TRE, BoP and other policy relevant
work done in the past?
 If those research work are were not useful
what would be useful?
 How should CPRsouth be designed for better
use by you and others like you?

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