Comets, Asteriods, and Meteors PowerPoint

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Comets, Asteroids,
and Meteors
By: Annette Miles
What is a comet?
A comet is a small
body which scientists
sometimes call a
planetesimal. They
are made out of dust,
ice
rock, gas, and ____.
They are kind of like
snowball
a dirty _________.
Comets are made up of
different parts.
 The nucleus
 The coma
 The ion tail
 The dust tail
 The hydrogen envelope
center of a
The nucleus is the frozen _______
ice
comet’s head. It is composed of ____,
gas and dust. The nucleus contains
____,
most of the comet’s mass and measure
about 10 miles across or less.
The nucleus of Halley’s
Comet
The ______
coma is a spherical blob of gas that
surrounds the nucleus of a comet. As the
__________
comet gets closer to the sun, the heat
vaporizes some of the ice and causes the
__________
comet to spew gas and dust particles into
space.
nucleus
The_________and
the
coma form the
_______
head of a comet.
ion tail is made of ___________
electrically
The _________
charged gas molecules that are being
pushed away from the nucleus by the solar
wind
_____. (The blue tail in the picture.)
When a comet is approaching the Sun, the
trails the comet: when the comet is
ion tail _______
leaving of the Sun, the ion tail leads
_____. The tail
fades as the comet moves far from the Sun.
The ion tail
can be well
over 100
million km
long.
The _________
dust tail develops
near
when the comet is _____
the Sun. This tail is
made of small dust
particles that have
evaporated from the
nucleus and are being
pushed away from the
comet. The tail _______
slightly due to the
comet’s motion.
The tail can be
up to 250
million km
long, and is
most of what
we see. Comets
are only visible
when they're
near the sun in
_____
their elliptical
orbits.
Comet Hale Bopp showing its two tails.
Courtesy of NASA
http://www.astrographia.com/images/9.jpg
Hale-Bopp – The Great
Comet of 1997
Surrounding the coma
is an invisible layer of
hydrogen that has
__________
been released. It is the
hydrogen envelope .
___________________
This cannot be seen
from Earth because its
light is absorbed by
our atmosphere. It is
usually between the
ion tail and the dust
tail.
Can you identify the following parts of a comet?
1.
Ion tail
2.
3.
Nucleus
Coma
4. Hydrogen envelope
5.
Dust cloud
elliptical
Comets orbit the Sun in highly _________
increases greatly when
orbits. Their speed _________
slows down at
they are near the Sun and ______
the far reaches of the orbit. Since the comet
is light only when it is near the Sun, comets
are dark throughout most of their orbit.
Kuiper
Comets originate from either the _______
Belt (beyond the orbit of Neptune) or the
_____
Oort
Cloud (which surrounds the outer
___________
reaches of the solar system.)
Videos on Comets
http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/5354-the-small-pieces-comets-video.htm
http://www.brainpop.com/science/space/comets/
Animation of a Comet
http://www.kidsastronomy.com/comets.htm
ASTEROIDS
rocky or _________
metallic objects,
Asteroids are _______
planetoids or minor planets
also know as____________
that revolve around our Sun.
Most asteroids orbit the Sun in the asteroid
Mars and _________.
Jupiter
belt located between _______
A few asteroids approach the Sun more
closely. The asteroids in the asteroid belt
elliptical orbit.
have a slightly __________
The time for one
revolution around
the Sun varies
from about
3 to 6 Earth
_________
years
Asteroids range in size from tiny pebbles to
about 578 miles (930 kilometers) in
diameter.
Sixteen of
the 3,000
known
asteroids
are over 150
miles (240
km) in
diameter.
• Asteroid Ceres
• Diameter of 590miles
(950 km)
• Largest asteroid and
only dwarf planet in
the inner Solar System
• Asteroid Vesta
• Diameter of 326
miles (525 km)
• Brightest asteroid
visible from the
Earth.
Some asteroids even have orbiting moons
______.
Here is the asteroid “243 Ida” and its tiny
asteroid moon, Dactyl. This is the first
asteroid ever found with an orbiting moon.
Ida's dimensions are about 35 x 15 x 13 miles.
Dactyl is only about 1 mile across.
METEOROIDS, METEORS, and METEORITES
small bodies that travel
Meteoroids are ______
through space. Most meteoroids are smaller
pebble Meteoroids are
than the size of a ________.
tiny particles left by an asteroid or a comet.
A meteor is a meteoroid that has entered
Earth’s atmosphere usually making
the _____________________,
a fiery trail as it falls. It is sometimes called
shooting star or a _______
a _________
falling star.
A meteor shower is a phenomenon in which
many meteors fall through the atmosphere
______
short time and in
in a relatively ______
approximately parallel trajectories.
Arizona, November 1966 - The Leonid meteor shower
rained 2,300 meteors per minute for 20 minutes.
(Photo NASA)
Video of meteor Shower
http://www.metacafe.com/watch/903546/time_lapse_of_the_perseid_mete
or_shower_geminid/
A meteorite is a meteor that has fallen and
struck
______ the Earth. These rare objects have
survived a fiery fall through the Earth's
atmosphere and have lost a lot of mass
during that process.
Near Winslow, Arizona, you can visit a crater
that was made from a meteorite. The crater is
nearly one mile across, 2.4 miles in circumference,
and more than 500 feet deep.
Animation on the formation of this crater. http://www.meteorcrater.com/
RESOURCES
http://www.kidsastronomy.com/images/comet2.gif
http://www.kidsastronomy.com/comets.htm
http://www.nasa.gov/worldbook/comet_worldbook.html
http://www.explanet.info/Chapter14.htm
http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/Archives/spring05/aprylh/Lesson1.html
http://spaceinimages.esa.int/Images/2002/11/The_nucleus_of_Comet_Halley
http://studentastronomyblog1.blogspot.com/2013/02/dirty-snowballs-comets.html
http://science.howstuffworks.com/dictionary/astronomy-terms/comet3.htm
http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/tails-of-wonder/
http://www.thegalaxyguide.com/galaxy/comets/
http://spaceguard.rm.iasf.cnr.it/NScience/neo/neo-what/com-tail.htm
http://www.astropix.com/HTML/SHOWCASE/970401.HTM
http://www.solarviews.com/eng/comet.htm
http://blogs.saschina.org/julia01pd2014/2010/03/10/lab-answers/
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/astronomy/activities/label/comet/
http://cse.ssl.berkeley.edu/segwayed/lessons/cometstale/frame_orbits.html
http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/images/migrate3.gif
http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/asteroids/features.html
http://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=File:Asteroid_belt_between_Mars_%26_Jupiter.PNG&filetimesta
mp=20050718221323&
http://www.sen.com/feature/space-rocks-comets-asteroids-meteorites-and-more.html
http://dustyloft.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/asteroids_comets_sc_0-000-075.png
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ceres_(dwarf_planet)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Meteoroid_meteor_meteorite.gif
http://rense.com/general42/ukteen.htm
http://weblogs.marylandweather.com/2010/01/twilight_meteor_reported_monda.html
http://science.howstuffworks.com/dictionary/astronomy-terms/leonid2.htm
http://www.meteorcrater.com/

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