nco - Virginia Military Institute

Report
VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE
NCO ACADEMY
TROOP LEADING
PROCEDURES
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
REASON: Troop leading procedures (TLP)
provide small unit leaders a framework for
planning and preparing for operations. Leaders
of company and a smaller unit use TLP to
develop plans and orders.
TLP is a dynamic process to analysis a mission,
develop a plan, and prepare for an operation.
VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE --- NCO ACADEMY
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• OBJECTIVE:
Task: Familiazation of the eight steps of Troop
Leading Procedure.
Condition: Given in an classroom environment in a
lecture format.
Standard: To understand and able to explain the
purpose of TLP.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• REFERENCE:
 SH 21-76 (Ranger Handbook)
FM 5-0 (Army Planning and Order Production)
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• AGENDA:
 Explain plan and orders.
 Explain troop leading procedures.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• Plan: A design for a future or anticipated operation.
1. Permit subordinates commanders to prepare supporting
plans and orders.
2. Implement instructions derived from a higher
commander’s plan or order.
3. Focus subordinates’ activities.
4. Provide task and activities, constraints, and coordinating
instructions necessary for a mission accomplishment.
5. Encourage agility, speed, and initiative during execution.
6. Convey instructions in a standard, recognizable, clear, and
simple format.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• Types of plans:
1. An plan is a design for a future or anticipated
operation.
2. An operation plan is any plan for the
preparation, execution, and assessment of
military operations.
3. A service support plan is a plan that provides
information and instructions covering service
support for an operation.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• Orders: An order is a communication that is
written, oral, or by signal, which conveys,
instructions from a superior to a subordinate.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• Types of orders:
1. Operation Orders: Is a directive issued by a
commander to subordinate commanders for
the purpose of effecting the coordinated
execution of an operation.
2. Service Support Order: Is an order that directs
the service support of operations, including
administrative movements.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• Types of orders:
3. Movement Orders: Is an order issued by a
commander covering the details for a move of the
command. (Administrative)
4. Warning Orders: Is a preliminary notice of an
order or action, which is to follow.
5. Fragmentary Order: Is an abbreviated form of an
order usually issued on a day by day basis that
eliminates the need for restating information
contained in a basic operation order.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• Troop leading procedures comprise the following steps. They are
what a leader does to prepare his unit to accomplish a tactical
mission. The TLP starts when the leader is alerted for a mission or
receives a change or new mission. He can perform Steps 3 through
8 in any order, or at the same time.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1. Receive the mission.
2. Issue a warning order.
3. Make a tentative plan.
4. Initiate movement.
5. Reconnoiter.
6. Complete the plan.
7. Issue the complete order.
8. Supervise.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• STEP 1--RECEIVE THE MISSION. The leader may
receive the mission in a warning order, an
operation order (OPORD), or a fragmentary order
(FRAGO). He should use no more than one third
of the available time for his own planning and for
issuing his OPORD. The remaining two thirds is
for subordinates to plan and prepare for the
operation. Leaders should also consider other
factors such as available daylight and travel time
to and from orders and rehearsals.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• STEP 2--ISSUE A WARNING ORDER. The leader provides
initial instructions in a warning order. The warning order
contains enough information to begin preparation as soon as
possible. The warning order mirrors the five-paragraph
OPORD format. A warning order may include-• The mission or nature of the operation (mission statement).
• Time and place for issuance of the operation (coordinating
instructions).
• Who is participating in the operation (coordinating
instructions).
• Time of the operation (timeline).
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• STEP 3--MAKE A TENTATIVE PLAN. The leader
uses METT-TC to develop an estimate of the
situation, which he will use as the basis for his
tentative plan. This set of actions is referred to
as the leader's mission analysis:
1. Conduct detailed mission planning.
2. Analyze the situation and develop a course of
action.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• STEP 3--MAKE A TENTATIVE PLAN.
3. Upon developing a COA, the unit leader will
assign C2, complete generic task organization
assigning all organic and attachment elements,
and prepare COA statement and sketch.
4. With the restated mission from step 1 to
provide focus, the leader continues the estimate
process using the remaining factors of METT-TC.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
5. Analyze course of action.
6. Compare course of action. The leader
compares the COAs and selects the one that
that is most likely to accomplish the assign
mission.
7. Make a decision. The leader selects the COA
that he believes has the best chance of
accomplishing the mission.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• STEP 4--START NECESSARY MOVEMENT. The
unit may need to begin movement while the
leader is still planning or forward
reconnoitering. This step may occur anytime
during the TLP.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• STEP 5--RECONNOITER. If time allows, the
leader makes a personal reconnaissance.
When time does not allow, the leader must
make a map or aerial photo reconnaissance.
Sometimes the leader must rely on others,
such as scouts, to conduct the reconnaissance.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• STEP 6--COMPLETE THE PLAN. The leader
completes his plan based on the
reconnaissance and any changes in the
situation.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• STEP 7--ISSUE THE COMPLETE ORDER.
Platoon and squad leaders normally issue oral
operations orders to aid subordinates in
understanding the concept of the mission.
Leaders may require subordinates to repeat
part of the order, demonstrate it on a terrain
model, or sketch their understanding of the
operation. Leaders should also quiz their
Rangers to ensure that all Rangers understand
the mission.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• STEP 8--SUPERVISE AND REFINE. The leader
supervises the unit's preparation for combat
by conducting rehearsals and inspections.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• Questions:
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• AGENDA:
 Explain plan and orders.
 Explain troop leading procedures.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• OBJECTIVE:
Task: Familiazation of the eight steps of Troop
Leading Procedure.
Condition: Given in an classroom environment in a
lecture format.
Standard: To understand and able to explain the
purpose of TLP.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
REASON: Troop leading procedures (TLP)
provide small unit leaders a framework for
planning and preparing for operations. Leaders
of company and a smaller unit use TLP to
develop plans and orders.
TLP is a dynamic process to analysis a mission,
develop a plan, and prepare for an operation.
TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
• It is now ____ (time); take a __ minute break;
be back in your seats at ____ (time).

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