What is the question asking you to do? What is the DBQ about? Other helpful information • Usually 2 parts to the question • Look for the verbs • Main body of the question • Look for info that narrows down the general topic • Dates, locations are good examples Describe and analyze changing views toward the concept of a “civil peace” (Burgfrieden) in Germany from 1914 to 1918. What do they want you to DO? (red) What is the DBQ ABOUT? (underlined) Other helpful info (green) • Treat the background info as a document you have to read • Keep the question in mind as you read the documents • Once you’ve read a document, make notes – Sum up the overall view in a few words – Don’t just underline – you’ll remember the significance better if you write it in your own words Read through the documents, making notes as you go • Keep the question in mind – what groupings makes sense given what is being asked Look over your notes • Which groups keep coming up? • Which groups seem to have a common theme (views, time period, etc.) Once you’ve chosen your groups, put each document into one of the three groups • You need three documents per group, but you can use documents more than once • Three groups = Three views Pro-Civil Peace (1, 2, 4) Qualified View (3, 5, 6) Anti-Civil Peace (7, 9, 10) Point 1 Thesis Point 2 Point 3 •Your thesis should tell the reader exactly what your three main ideas are •Thesis should be specific: a one-sentence answer to the question • As most expected a rapid victory, civil peace was at first a popular idea. The government and many of the people saw it as an opportunity to promote nationalism and end internal conflict. There were, however, still those that were skeptical of the civil peace from the beginning, and as the war dragged on, opinion turned overwhelmingly against this concept. • What are the three main ideas? • What are the three document groups? • Does the thesis address BOTH parts of the question (describe & analyze changing views)? • What your intro should include: – Background info – Thesis • Use the background info they give you, but don’t quote it word for word • Thesis should be at end of paragraph • Should be short – you need to write an intro but it not the primary focus • Outlines are optional, but can be very helpful • Shouldn’t be too detailed • List main points & docs you’ll use to support them • Can add more detail if you want, but watch the time! ProCivil Peace Thesis • Popular at start of war • Docs 1, 2, 4 • Skeptical from Qualified start View • Docs 3, 5, 6 • Many switched Anti-Civil to this view by Peace end of war • Docs 7, 9, 10 • You want to have as much time as you need to plan out your essay before – Still try to move quickly as you plan – Once you write your intro paragraph & thesis, then divide up the rest of your time by paragraph • Try to leave 5 minutes for a conclusion – while not necessary, can get you extra points for showing analysis • Goal of DBQ isn’t to write an essay about the documents, but to write an essay that analyzes a topic using documents as support – Avoid the laundry list! – Don’t just summarize documents in the essay – talk about what the document means in the larger context of the question • Option 1: The trend away from civil peace can be seen as soldiers described dismay at the fact that people were getting rich at the expense of their families on the homefront (Doc 7). OR…. • Option 2: A German soldier in the trenches reported that soldiers felt betrayed when their sacrifices were exploited by those who got rich at the expense of their families (Doc 7). This quote was published in the Liberal Party Newspaper. The fact that the Liberal Party Newspaper was active shows civil peace was wearing off, as it was supposed to be the end of all political parties. • Try to address bias for more than the minimum 3 documents – Aim for 5: 4+ bias statements gets you an extra point, 5 allows for 1 error • When addressing bias, be sure to explain why the source is biased – Ex: The fact that the author is the wife of a noble means she is less affected by high food prices and less likely to sympathize with the lower class. • Who wrote it? – Look for things like social class, gender, ethnicity, religion, profession • Where was it published? – Especially useful for newspapers/magazines – usually targeted to particular interests • When was it written? – Someone who writes about an event after the fact has a different perspective • If a document is clearly unbiased, that counts as addressing POV, too! – Statistics, maps are good examples – Can be used with photography, but should qualify – see Doc. 2 • Transitions help you organize your essay • Make it easy for the reader to follow your thinking and identifies when you’re adding your own ideas • A few examples: – Consequently, on the other hand, furthermore, nevertheless, however, likewise, therefore – Even more examples: Transition Words Main idea 2 Main idea 1 Main idea 3 Conclusion! • Conclusion is like the intro in reverse: start with the specifics, then expand out to big picture • Good place to use outside knowledge: if you can, connect the topic to a larger theme – Shows you really know what you’re talking about, makes you stand out • Get everything ready the night before: extra pens and pencils, snack • Don’t stress, go into it with a positive attitude • Good luck!