France Bringing the Faith to the Indians in New France, attributed to Claude Francois, c. 1675. UNIT 1 - ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF COLONIAL SOCIETY IN AMERICA (1450 – 1763) 1. Jamestown, 1607 2. First Africans brought to Virginia, 1619 3. Mayflower Compact, 1620 4. Great Migration of Puritans to Massachusetts, 1630ʼs and 1640ʼs 5. Roger Williams established Rhode Island, 1636 6. William Penn established Pennsylvania, 1681 7. Salem Witch Trials, 1692 8. James Oglethorpe established Georgia, 1732 9. Jonathan Edwards sparked the Great Awakening, 1734 10. French and Indian War, 1754-63 11. Proclamation of 1763 EXAMPLES* OF DBQ AND FRQ FROM THIS UNIT • FRQs • 2001 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? • 2005 Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period 1607 to 1750. • 2005b “Geography was the primary factor in shaping the development of the British colonies in North America.” Assess the validity of this statement for the 1600s. • 2006 Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: – Politics – Religion – Economic development • 2007b The French and Indian War (1754–1763) altered the relationship between Britain and its North American colonies. Assess this change with regard to TWO of the following in the period between 1763 and 1775. – Land acquisition – Politics – Economics • 2013 Analyze the role of trans-Atlantic trade and Great Britain’s mercantilist policies in the economic development of the British North American colonies in the period from 1650 to 1750. • DBQs • 2010In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660s? • 1993 Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? • 2004 In what ways did the French and Indian War (1754-63) alter the political, economic and ideological relations between Britain and its American colonies. Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1740-1766 in constructing your answer. • 1999 To what extent had the colonists developed a sense of their identity and unity as Americans by the eve of the Revolution? Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1750-1776 to answer the question. • 1976 Was American society, as evidenced by Wethersfield, Connecticut, becoming more "democratic" in the period from 1750's to the 1780's? Discuss with reference to property distribution, social structure, politics, and religion. • 2005 To what extent did the American Revolution fundamentally change American society? In your answer be sure to address the political, social and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to 1800. Watson and the Shark, John Singleton Copley, 1778 UNIT 2 - SECEDING FROM THE EMPIRE: THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION (1763 1783) 12. Stamp Act, 1765-66 13. Declaratory Act, 1766 14. Townshend Acts, 1767 15. Boston Tea Party, 1773 16. First Continental Congress, 1774 17. Lexington and Concord, 1775 18. Second Continental Congress, 1775 19. Thomas Paine published Common Sense, 1776 20. Declaration of Independence, 1776 21. Treaty of Alliance, 1778 22. Battle of Yorktown, 1781 23. Articles of Confederation went into effect, 1781 24. Peace of Paris, 1783 EXAMPLES OF DBQ AND FRQ FROM THIS UNIT • FRQs • 2009 Analyze the ways in which British imperial policies between 1763 and 1776 intensified colonials’ resistance to British rule and their commitment to republican values. • 1989 “In the two decades before the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, a profound shift occurred in the way many Americans thought and felt about the British government and their colonial governments.” Assess the validity of this statement in view of the political and constitutional debates of these decades. • 1992 Evaluate the relative importance of the following as factors prompting Americans to rebel in 1776: – – – – parliamentary taxation restriction of civil liberties British military measures the legacy of colonial religious and political ideas • 1994 Evaluate the relative importance of domestic and foreign affairs in shaping the politics of the 1790s. • 1997 Analyze the extent to which the American Revolution represented a radical alteration in American political ideas and institutions. Confine your answer to the period 1775 to 1800. • 2004 Analyze the impact of the American Revolution on both slavery and the status of women in the from 1775-1800. • 2010 Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military reasons for the United States victory in the Revolutionary War. Confine your answer to the period 1775–1783. • DBQs • 2005 To what extent did the American Revolution fundamentally change American society? In your answer be sure to address the political, social and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to 1800. • 1985 "From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an effective government." Using the documents and your knowledge of the period, evaluate this statement. • 1977 The debate over the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 revealed bitter controversies on a number of issues. Discuss the issues involved and explain why these controversies developed. Liberty Displaying the Arts and Sciences, Samuel Jennings, 1792. UNIT 3 - CONFEDERATION AND CONSTITUTION (1781 - 1799) 25. Northwest Ordinances of 1784, 1785, 1787 26. Shayʼs Rebellion, 1786 27. Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, 1787 28. The Federalist Papers published, 1787-8 29. Creation of a new government, 1789 30. Alexander Hamilton appointed Secretary of the Treasury, 1789 31. Samuel Slater established the first textile mill, 1790 32. Bill of Rights, 1791 33. Cotton Gin, 1793 34. Washington's Proclamation of Neutrality, 1793 35. Whiskey Rebellion, 1794 36. Washington's Farewell Address, 1796 37. XYZ Affair, 1797-98 38. Alien & Sedition Acts, 1798 39. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, 1798-99 40. Election of 1800 EXAMPLES OF DBQ AND FRQ FROM THIS UNIT • FRQs • 2003 Evaluate the extent to which the Articles of Confederation were effective in solving the problems that confronted the new nation. • 2004b To what extent was the election of 1800 aptly named the “Revolution of 1800?” Respond with reference to TWO of the following areas: – – – – Economics Foreign Policy Judiciary Politics • 2005b To what extent was the American Constitution a radical departure from the Articles of Confederation? • 2006b “The United States Constitution of 1787 represented an economic and ideological victory for the traditional American political elite.” Assess the validity of that statement for the period 1781 to 1789. • 2007 Settlers in the eighteenth-century American backcountry sometimes resorted to violent protest to express their grievances. Analyze the causes and significance of TWO of the following: – – – – March of the Paxton Boys Regulator Movement Shays’ Rebellion Whiskey Rebellion • 2008 Analyze the reasons for the Anti-Federalists’ opposition to ratifying the Constitution. • 2009b Analyze how the ideas and experiences of the revolutionary era influenced the principles embodied in the Articles of Confederation. • 2011b Analyze the ways in which the political, economic, and diplomatic crises of the 1780s shaped the provisions of the United States Constitution. • DBQs • 1977 The debate over the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 revealed bitter controversies on a number of issues. Discuss the issues involved and explain why these controversies developed. • 1998 With respect to the federal Constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. To what extent was this characterization of the two parties accurate during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison? In writing your answer, use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1801–1817.