Roaring 20s - Wilson School District

Report
Roaring 20s
Warm-Up: Grab Notes Packet
and Assignment Page from front
cart. Complete top part page 1.
 Schedule
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Warm-Up
PowerPoint
Closure: What were the main goals of the
Republican administrators of the 1920s?
 Assignment
 Key
Packet page 1 due Monday
Question: How did America change
during 1920s?
A Republican Decade
 Strikes,
arrests, revolution overseas—such events
frightened Americans in the 1920s and they
turned to Republican Party for stability and
economic prosperity
What is happening in this picture?
What concept is this political cartoon illustrating?
The Harding Presidency 1920-1923


1920 election, Republican Warren
G. Harding promised “return to
normalcy”
1920 won presidency until death in
1923
 Foreign policy reflect America’s
desire for isolationism—policy of
avoiding political or economic
alliances with foreign countries

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No attempt to join League of
Nations
Yet President support efforts to
prevent future wars

Disarmament—nations voluntarily
give up their weapons
 Economically,
he
favored:
Lower taxes
Less control over
businesses
Support high tariffs
(taxes) on foreign,
competitor goods
to make them
more expensive 
protect US
businesses/workers
 Culturally,
as America
became more isolationist,
they also became more
nativist—movement
favoring native-born
Americans over immigrants

Nativist Reasons = AntiImmigrant
 Never
loyal
 Blamed for urban city
problems—slums & corruption
 Fear for loss of jobs
 Pass on anarchist (violent
overthrow of government) +
communist (opponent of
democracy + capitalism) ideals
End of President Harding…Literally
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Start of 1923, economy bouncing back
+ strong popularity for president
Mid 1923  corruption scandals in
Harding’s cabinet
Biggest scandal  Teapot Dome
Scandal
 Harding’s Secretary of Interior Albert
Fall bribed by oil executives to sell
government land in Teapot Dome,
Wyoming—oil
 Albert Fall became 1st cabinet
member imprisoned for crime while
in office
Harding died in 1923 during the
scandal in office
The Coolidge Presidency  1923-1928
 Vice
President Calvin
Coolidge became president
and cleaned up scandals
 Elected president 1924-1928
 Major View  “The Business
of the American people is
business”
 Laissez-Faire  limited to
no government
interference in business
Election of 1928
 When
Coolidge decided not to run for a
2nd term, Republicans nominated Herbert
Hoover
 Hoover promised more pro-business,
isolationism & small government = victory
Warm-Up: Examine picture on
page 4 and answer questions on
page 5.
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Schedule
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Warm-Up
PowerPoint
Henry Ford Reading
Booming Economy Poster
Closure: How would the 1920s, economically, be
characterized?
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Assignment Packet page 1 due Monday

Key Question: How did America change during
1920s?
A Business Boom...Mixed Success
 1920s
gave birth to
much of modern
America
 Shopping centers,
fast-food,
advertising, mass
media, cars, radios,
movies
Causes of Economic Growth
 Consumer
Economy—depends on a large amount
of buying (consuming) by people who use products
 New & Improved products  Model-T cars,
refrigerators, radios, vacuums, ovens, telephones
 Income tax cuts (% taken out of paycheck for
government) left people with more $$$
 Higher wages gave people more money to spend
on movies, radio, sporting events
 Until 1920s, Americans generally paid cash for things
they bought
 Borrowing = unthrifty + immoral
 1920s
saw new ways to purchase goods
as demand for them grew
 Credit—a way to delay paying for a
purchase (pay once you hit a certain
amount)
 Installment Buying—system allows
customer to make partial payments
(installments) over a few months
 Installment + Credit plans encouraged
people to buy things who otherwise
would not  even though they had to
pay high interest rates
Transportation Industry
 1920s
 airline industry  Charles Lindbergh
and Amelia Earhart’s transatlantic flights
promote idea of commercial air travel
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Growth of automotive industry 
Henry Ford
Goal  produce cars at prices
ordinary people could afford
Need to speed up production
(increase supply) and lower costs
Originally, workers would build
entire product themselves 
guns
 Assembly Line  materials
move along conveyor belt
while workers stay in one place
 workers are responsible for
one job (install windshield)
1908-1927, Ford Motor Company
sold over 15 million Model-T cars
 billionaire
Economic Troubles
 Economy
appeared to
be healthy but looks
can be
deceiving…uneven
prosperity
 Huge gap between
rich and poor  50%
in poverty
 Many Americans did
not prosper
Farmers  over
production
 Minorities—African
Americans

Warm-Up: Complete questions 1-4
on page 11 in Notes Packet
 Schedule
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Warm-Up
PowerPoint
Media Analysis
Prohibition Analysis
Closure: Jazz Age organizer
 Assignment
 Key
Packet pg. 2 + Quiz Thursday
Question: How did America change during
1920s?
New Roles for Women
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During 1920s, women had more
freedom than ever before  drove
cars, sports, college, teachers, nurses,
social workers
Some women in 1920s called
themselves flappers – young,
rebellious fun-loving, bold
 Stood for a longing to break with
the past
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Fashion  Shorter dresses, short hair,
make-up
Manners  Smoked + drank in public
19th Amendment gave women right
to vote
1920s women developed a new
attitude toward marriage =
partnership (men agreed)
Mass Media
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Before 1920s, the majority of
Americans did not travel
much and was divided
culturally
Mass Media 
communications that reach
a large audience
 Film, Radio, Advertising 
peaceful propaganda
Created a national culture
(things that people had in
common across the
country)
 songs, dances, fashion,
slang, sports, news
Advertising Analysis
For each advertisement
explain the following:
Selling strategy
Overt messages
Underlying messages
Lost Generation
 For
some, the decade after
WWI was not a time for
celebration  deep despair +
resentment = Lost Generation
 Lost in a greedy, materialistic
world
 F Scott Fitzgerald  The Great
Gatsby
 Focus on wealthy,
sophisticated Americans
during Jazz Age
 Rich  self-centered and
shallow
Jazz Age
 1920s—Jazz
Age—was a
time celebrating new and
modern things
 Jazz music—mix of African
rhythms, ragtime, blues 
free spirit of the times
 Rebelled against values
which led to WWI
 Harlem
 Duke
Ellington + Louis
Armstrong  musicians
Issues of Religion
 Religious
movement called fundamentalism gained
followers and political power
 Fundamentalists took the bible literally (everything
was true)
 Argued that public schools shouldn’t teach
evolution—theory that living things developed
over millions of years from simpler life forms
 Felt it contradicted the Bible  pass laws made
evolution teachings illegal
 1925, John Scopes broke law & found guilty
 Guilty verdict over-turned by state Supreme Court
 **Clash between modern beliefs vs. traditional
values
Prohibition
 18th
Amendment—ban
alcohol
 Most Americans disregard
law
 Bootleggers  suppliers +
smugglers of illegal
alcohol
 Speakeasies illegal bars
 Rise of organized crime 
Al Capone
Warm-Up: Open Notes Packet to
pages 25-26
 Schedule
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Warm-Up
Review Questions completion
Class Review
Closure: How did the US change politically,
economically, culturally and socially during 1920s?
 Assignment
 Key
Packet pg. 2 + Quiz Thursday
Question: How did America change during
1920s?
Warm-Up: Open Notes Packet to
page 16 and grab handout from
desk.
 Schedule
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Warm-Up
Word-Web creation & review
Closure: How did the US change during the 1920s?
 Assignment
 Key
Packet pg. 2 + Quiz Thursday
Question: How did America change during
1920s?
Warm-Up: Test-taking procedures
 Schedule
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Warm-Up
Roaring 20s Quiz
When finished, complete assignment page 3
Closure: How did the US change during the 1920s?
 Assignment
 Key
Packet pg. 3
Question: How did America change during
1920s?
Warm-Up: Go to page 19 and
complete top half of page
 Schedule
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Warm-Up
PowerPoint  Racial Tensions & Harlem Renaissance
Job Application
Closure: How did the Harlem Renaissance revive black
culture?
 Study
 Key
for Test 2/7
Question: How did America change during
1920s?
The Harlem Renaissance
 1920s
brought changes to the lives of
many African Americans
 Great Migration  North and Western
cities for economic and social
opportunities
Confronting Racism
 As
blacks moved out of the South the KKK
eventually moved with them
 By 1924, the KKK claimed about 5 million
members
 ‘America for Americans’
 KKK carried out many crimes against AfricanAmericans, Catholics, Jews & immigrants
 Increasing violence against African Americans
rallied the efforts of the NAACP
 Worked in vain to pass anti-lynching laws +
protect voting rights
 Many
African-Americans were
losing faith in the US 
dreamed of a place where
they could live in peace
 Marcus Garvey  Universal
Negro Improvement
Association (UNIA)  sought to
build up blacks’ self-respect +
economic power
 Garvey urged ‘Back to
Africa’ solution since equality
seemed hopeless
 Failed
Rise of Harlem
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Late 1800s  wealthy white
community
Build up too much and buildings
remained vacant  real estate
prices fall
 Black businessmen started buying
cheap buildings and selling them
to African Americans
By 1920, New York, Harlem, became
the unofficial capital of black
America
Soon Harlem produced cultural
activity called Harlem Renaissance
 Symbolized rebirth of hope and
culture for African Americans
 Writers, singers, painters, sculptors,
scholars move to Harlem
Warm-Up: Grab DBQ from front
cart.
 Schedule
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Warm-Up
Roaring 20s DBQ  graphic organizer/outline
Roaring 20s DBQ  essay completion
Closure: How did America change during 1920s?
 Look
 Key
up outside information (3 pieces)
Question: How did America change during
1920s?
Warm-Up: Grab review packet
and find prescribed group
 Schedule
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Warm-Up
Roaring 20s review packet completion
Roaring 20s review packet discussed
Closure: How did America change during 1920s?
 Test
 Key
tomorrow
Question: How did America change during
1920s?
Warm-Up: Grab scantron from
front cart and hand in review
packet if completed
 Schedule
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Warm-Up
Roaring 20s assessment
Closure: How did America change during 1920s?
 NONE
 Key
Question: How did America change during
1920s?

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