Roaring 20s Warm-Up: Grab Notes Packet and Assignment Page from front cart. Complete top part page 1. Schedule Warm-Up PowerPoint Closure: What were the main goals of the Republican administrators of the 1920s? Assignment Key Packet page 1 due Monday Question: How did America change during 1920s? A Republican Decade Strikes, arrests, revolution overseas—such events frightened Americans in the 1920s and they turned to Republican Party for stability and economic prosperity What is happening in this picture? What concept is this political cartoon illustrating? The Harding Presidency 1920-1923 1920 election, Republican Warren G. Harding promised “return to normalcy” 1920 won presidency until death in 1923 Foreign policy reflect America’s desire for isolationism—policy of avoiding political or economic alliances with foreign countries No attempt to join League of Nations Yet President support efforts to prevent future wars Disarmament—nations voluntarily give up their weapons Economically, he favored: Lower taxes Less control over businesses Support high tariffs (taxes) on foreign, competitor goods to make them more expensive protect US businesses/workers Culturally, as America became more isolationist, they also became more nativist—movement favoring native-born Americans over immigrants Nativist Reasons = AntiImmigrant Never loyal Blamed for urban city problems—slums & corruption Fear for loss of jobs Pass on anarchist (violent overthrow of government) + communist (opponent of democracy + capitalism) ideals End of President Harding…Literally Start of 1923, economy bouncing back + strong popularity for president Mid 1923 corruption scandals in Harding’s cabinet Biggest scandal Teapot Dome Scandal Harding’s Secretary of Interior Albert Fall bribed by oil executives to sell government land in Teapot Dome, Wyoming—oil Albert Fall became 1st cabinet member imprisoned for crime while in office Harding died in 1923 during the scandal in office The Coolidge Presidency 1923-1928 Vice President Calvin Coolidge became president and cleaned up scandals Elected president 1924-1928 Major View “The Business of the American people is business” Laissez-Faire limited to no government interference in business Election of 1928 When Coolidge decided not to run for a 2nd term, Republicans nominated Herbert Hoover Hoover promised more pro-business, isolationism & small government = victory Warm-Up: Examine picture on page 4 and answer questions on page 5. Schedule Warm-Up PowerPoint Henry Ford Reading Booming Economy Poster Closure: How would the 1920s, economically, be characterized? Assignment Packet page 1 due Monday Key Question: How did America change during 1920s? A Business Boom...Mixed Success 1920s gave birth to much of modern America Shopping centers, fast-food, advertising, mass media, cars, radios, movies Causes of Economic Growth Consumer Economy—depends on a large amount of buying (consuming) by people who use products New & Improved products Model-T cars, refrigerators, radios, vacuums, ovens, telephones Income tax cuts (% taken out of paycheck for government) left people with more $$$ Higher wages gave people more money to spend on movies, radio, sporting events Until 1920s, Americans generally paid cash for things they bought Borrowing = unthrifty + immoral 1920s saw new ways to purchase goods as demand for them grew Credit—a way to delay paying for a purchase (pay once you hit a certain amount) Installment Buying—system allows customer to make partial payments (installments) over a few months Installment + Credit plans encouraged people to buy things who otherwise would not even though they had to pay high interest rates Transportation Industry 1920s airline industry Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart’s transatlantic flights promote idea of commercial air travel Growth of automotive industry Henry Ford Goal produce cars at prices ordinary people could afford Need to speed up production (increase supply) and lower costs Originally, workers would build entire product themselves guns Assembly Line materials move along conveyor belt while workers stay in one place workers are responsible for one job (install windshield) 1908-1927, Ford Motor Company sold over 15 million Model-T cars billionaire Economic Troubles Economy appeared to be healthy but looks can be deceiving…uneven prosperity Huge gap between rich and poor 50% in poverty Many Americans did not prosper Farmers over production Minorities—African Americans Warm-Up: Complete questions 1-4 on page 11 in Notes Packet Schedule Warm-Up PowerPoint Media Analysis Prohibition Analysis Closure: Jazz Age organizer Assignment Key Packet pg. 2 + Quiz Thursday Question: How did America change during 1920s? New Roles for Women During 1920s, women had more freedom than ever before drove cars, sports, college, teachers, nurses, social workers Some women in 1920s called themselves flappers – young, rebellious fun-loving, bold Stood for a longing to break with the past Fashion Shorter dresses, short hair, make-up Manners Smoked + drank in public 19th Amendment gave women right to vote 1920s women developed a new attitude toward marriage = partnership (men agreed) Mass Media Before 1920s, the majority of Americans did not travel much and was divided culturally Mass Media communications that reach a large audience Film, Radio, Advertising peaceful propaganda Created a national culture (things that people had in common across the country) songs, dances, fashion, slang, sports, news Advertising Analysis For each advertisement explain the following: Selling strategy Overt messages Underlying messages Lost Generation For some, the decade after WWI was not a time for celebration deep despair + resentment = Lost Generation Lost in a greedy, materialistic world F Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby Focus on wealthy, sophisticated Americans during Jazz Age Rich self-centered and shallow Jazz Age 1920s—Jazz Age—was a time celebrating new and modern things Jazz music—mix of African rhythms, ragtime, blues free spirit of the times Rebelled against values which led to WWI Harlem Duke Ellington + Louis Armstrong musicians Issues of Religion Religious movement called fundamentalism gained followers and political power Fundamentalists took the bible literally (everything was true) Argued that public schools shouldn’t teach evolution—theory that living things developed over millions of years from simpler life forms Felt it contradicted the Bible pass laws made evolution teachings illegal 1925, John Scopes broke law & found guilty Guilty verdict over-turned by state Supreme Court **Clash between modern beliefs vs. traditional values Prohibition 18th Amendment—ban alcohol Most Americans disregard law Bootleggers suppliers + smugglers of illegal alcohol Speakeasies illegal bars Rise of organized crime Al Capone Warm-Up: Open Notes Packet to pages 25-26 Schedule Warm-Up Review Questions completion Class Review Closure: How did the US change politically, economically, culturally and socially during 1920s? Assignment Key Packet pg. 2 + Quiz Thursday Question: How did America change during 1920s? Warm-Up: Open Notes Packet to page 16 and grab handout from desk. Schedule Warm-Up Word-Web creation & review Closure: How did the US change during the 1920s? Assignment Key Packet pg. 2 + Quiz Thursday Question: How did America change during 1920s? Warm-Up: Test-taking procedures Schedule Warm-Up Roaring 20s Quiz When finished, complete assignment page 3 Closure: How did the US change during the 1920s? Assignment Key Packet pg. 3 Question: How did America change during 1920s? Warm-Up: Go to page 19 and complete top half of page Schedule Warm-Up PowerPoint Racial Tensions & Harlem Renaissance Job Application Closure: How did the Harlem Renaissance revive black culture? Study Key for Test 2/7 Question: How did America change during 1920s? The Harlem Renaissance 1920s brought changes to the lives of many African Americans Great Migration North and Western cities for economic and social opportunities Confronting Racism As blacks moved out of the South the KKK eventually moved with them By 1924, the KKK claimed about 5 million members ‘America for Americans’ KKK carried out many crimes against AfricanAmericans, Catholics, Jews & immigrants Increasing violence against African Americans rallied the efforts of the NAACP Worked in vain to pass anti-lynching laws + protect voting rights Many African-Americans were losing faith in the US dreamed of a place where they could live in peace Marcus Garvey Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) sought to build up blacks’ self-respect + economic power Garvey urged ‘Back to Africa’ solution since equality seemed hopeless Failed Rise of Harlem Late 1800s wealthy white community Build up too much and buildings remained vacant real estate prices fall Black businessmen started buying cheap buildings and selling them to African Americans By 1920, New York, Harlem, became the unofficial capital of black America Soon Harlem produced cultural activity called Harlem Renaissance Symbolized rebirth of hope and culture for African Americans Writers, singers, painters, sculptors, scholars move to Harlem Warm-Up: Grab DBQ from front cart. Schedule Warm-Up Roaring 20s DBQ graphic organizer/outline Roaring 20s DBQ essay completion Closure: How did America change during 1920s? Look Key up outside information (3 pieces) Question: How did America change during 1920s? Warm-Up: Grab review packet and find prescribed group Schedule Warm-Up Roaring 20s review packet completion Roaring 20s review packet discussed Closure: How did America change during 1920s? Test Key tomorrow Question: How did America change during 1920s? Warm-Up: Grab scantron from front cart and hand in review packet if completed Schedule Warm-Up Roaring 20s assessment Closure: How did America change during 1920s? NONE Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?