Chapter 31 PowerPoint - Washington Middle School

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Chapter 31 Presentation
By- Colin, Riley, Gabby, Melissa, and Ben
Learning Targets
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I can...
List and compare key Beliefs of the three Protestant
religions
I can analyze how the Counter-Reformation revitalized
the Catholic Church
Locate and label Catholic and Protestant regions on
map of Europe
Locate Christian Missions in early modern period
Describe long, short term effects of the Reformation
Key Content Terms-Ch. 31
Reform- To alter, in process to improve.
Error-Something different from correct.
Lutheranism-Protestant belief of Christian faith,established by
Martin Luther.
Calvinism- Protestant belief of Christian faith, founded by John
Calvin.
Consequently- Result of, outcome.
Theocracy- Government where God is the ruler and officials
conducted and execute in God's name.
Key Content Terms-Ch. 31 (2)
Anglicanism- Protestant denomination of Christian faith founded
by Henry VIII in England.
Counter-Reformation- Movement by Catholic Church, triggered
by the Reformation, where Catholic leaders attempted to
redirect/correct abuse,clarify and advocate Catholic educations,
to accuse Protestant errors, and to successfully re-acquiring
members.
Nationalism- To associate and devote to one's nation.
Absolute Monarchy- Monarchy where the ruler possess
unlimited power.
Puritans- English Protestants whose intentions are to "purify" the
Anglican Church of its Catholic elements.
Reformation (1500-1600)
Reformation-a religious reform movement that
led to the formation of new christian groups
The reformation was the weakening of the
catholic church, due to accusations of
corruption within the church. People believed
in the teachings of the bible rather than the
church. This lead to splits in the religion,
making some new religions all together, while
still retaining Christianity.
Essential Question- What were the effects of
the Reformation?
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Created Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anglicanism
Catholic Church commenced Counter-Reformation
A civil war between the Christian religions (Thirty Year War,
Protestant Vs. Catholic)
It caused a rise in nationalism (People identified by nation
rather than local area)
Monarchies grew stronger by using the idea of the divine right
of kings (Idea that rulers received authority from God) and
establishing absolute monarchies;unlimited power
Europe started to explore the world and as they did they
spread christianity
Definitions of Lutheranism,
Calvinism, and Anglicanism
Lutheranism-a Protestant denomination of
Christian faith founded by Martin Luther
Calvinism-a Protestant denomination of
Christian faith founded by John Calvin
Anglicanism-a Protestant denomination of
Christian faith founded by Henry VIII in
England
Beliefs of Lutheranism, Calvinism,
and Anglicanism (Lutheranism)
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Believe that following religious teachings
lead to salvation
Essential to take part in sacraments
Believe baptism washed away original sin
Do not believe that anything could be done
to get to salvation
Believe that the bible was the only source of
guidance
Use altars, candles, and crucifixes
Believe in communion with bread and wine
Lutheran Beliefs cont.
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Services include bible readings and singing
of hymns
Prayers written in and recited in German
Believe in only two sacraments (baptism and
communion)
Fathers should teach kids religion
If they did not pray they got no food or drink
Believed married women should give birth to
as many kids as possible
Ministers and clergy members are allowed to
Beliefs of Lutheranism, Calvinism,
and Anglicanism (Calvinism)
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Teach that people depended on God to be
saved
Believe no one deserved salvation instead
they believed God chose people
Teach that God knew who would be saved
and who wouldn't
Believe everything is controlled by God
Believe the world is full of sin
Forbid singing, dancing, playing cards, and
wearing fancy clothes
Calvinist Beliefs cont.
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Believe bible is the only true and accurate
religious source
Church leaders make laws based on the
bible
Believe all life should be lived based on
God's law
Religious rules translated into government
laws
Committing crime was also a sin
Services are held five times a week and
Calvinist Beliefs cont. (3)
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Use only two sacraments found in bible
(baptism and communion)
Are not allowed to sing in services unless in
bible
Believe each community should have a
theocratic government
Parents could only name children certain
names from the bible
Beliefs of Lutheranism, Calvinism,
and Anglicanism (Anglicanism)
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Believe baptism washes away original sin
Believe to go to heaven one only needs to
believe in God
Practiced privacy in their religions
English monarch interpreted bible with the help
of the arch bishop
Two versions of Anglican church services
services (high church service similar to Catholic
mass) (low church service similar to Lutheran
services)
Used only two sacraments (baptism and
Common Beliefs of Lutheranism,
Calvinism, and Anglicanism
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All broke away from Catholicism
Christian belief, believe in Jesus
All believe the bible is the only true religious
source
All only believe in two sacraments (baptism
and communion)
All have a belief in Heaven, Paradise,
Sanctuary, Bliss, etc.
All believed in justification by faith
Common Beliefs of Lutheranism
and Calvinism
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Both set hymns to popular tunes to make
them easier to learn
Both believed God choose who went to
Heaven, nothing to earn it
Both believed in passing up opportunities to
sin=Selected for Heaven
Common Beliefs of Lutheranism
and Anglicanism
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Both produced alternate language prayer
books(L. German, A. English)
Both services had elements of Catholic
Mass
Utilized hymns to help prayers
Common Beliefs of Calvinism and
Anglicism
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In both of their churches there was no art,
sculptures, or windows
The Counter-Reformation
Counter-Reformation-a movement of the
Catholic Church, in reaction to the
Reformation, in which Catholic leaders
worked to correct abuses, to clarify and
defend Catholic teachings, to condemn what
they saw as Protestant errors, and to win
back members
The Revitalization of the Catholic
Church
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The Council of Trent was formed
Gave more precise statements of Catholic
teachings
Declared that each individual had a role in
the fate of their soul
Agreed salvation was God's gift
Rejected justification by faith alone
Reaffirmed the Catholic belief in the seven
sacraments
Insisted the church's authority to interpret the
The Revitalization of the Catholic
Church cont.
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Trained clergy members more efficiently
Corrected the church's abuse of money
Established more consistent rules
Raised clergy standard of many things
The Spanish nun Teresa of Avila inspired
Catholics return to traditional Catholic beliefs
Condemned errors of Protestantism
Established the Inquisition
European Christian Countries
(100% Catholic) (Blue)
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France
Spain
Portugal
Ireland
Spanish Netherlands
Papal States
Naples
Southwestern Holy roman empire
European Christian Countries
(Catholic/Protestant)(Purple)
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Poland
Lithuania
Hungary
Southern and scattered areas in France
Eastern Holy Roman Empire
European Christian Countries
(Lutheran)(Red)
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Norway
Sweden
Denmark
Northeastern Holy Roman Empire
European Christian Countries
(Anglicanism)(Green)
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England
England
And England!!
European Christian Countries
(Calvinist)(Orange)
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Scotland
Netherlands
Scattered throughout the Holy Roman
Empire
Christian Mission Locations
(Catholicism)
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Jesuit missionaries brought Catholicism to
India
China
Japan
Southeast Asia
French settlers brought Catholicism to
Canada
Mississippi Valley
Catholic Missions cont.
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Spanish and Portuguese brought
Catholicism to the American southwest
Mexico
South America
Christian Mission Locations
(Protestantism)
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Ceylon
India
Indonesia
The Europeans also brought it to the
Americas
Long Term Effects of Reformation
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Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anglicanism
are created
Catholicism changed many factors that
weakened the Church
The religions signed a peace treaty (the
Peace of Westphalia) Boundries of relgions
Began modern democracy in Europe
Idea of Nationalism exposed
Short Term Effects of Reformation
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Religious wars raged (Thirty Year's War)
People were prosecuted for beliefs
Monarchy was re-established, only for short,
not present in modern time

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