Labour Market Outlook for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities

Report
Labour Market Outlook for
Mid-Sized British Columbia
Communities
with Christian Saint Cyr
Publisher | BC Labour Market Report
Meeting of the Union of British Columbia Municipalities
Tuesday September 23, 2014
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
British Columbia is about to embark on a period of nearly
unprecedented growth.
CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATIONS JOBS
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Excluding LNG,
we’re still factoring
in $60 billion in
major projects .
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Demographic Challenges
800,000
BC’s population:
600,000
400,000
Slow growth of new
labour force entrants
expected
200,000
0
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
2020
2025
2030
2035
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Demographic Challenges
800,000
BC’s population:
600,000
400,000
Retirement-aged
population to experience
significant growth
200,000
Expected to peak in 2021
0
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
2020
2025
2030
2035
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Demographic Challenges
BC’s aging population
800,000
Population aged 20-29
Population aged 55-64
600,000
In 2016, number of
retirement-aged British
Columbians (55-64
years) will surpass those
aged 20-29 (potential
new labour force
entrants)
400,000
200,000
0
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
2020
2025
2030
2035
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Demographic Challenges
How many job openings are expected?
• 1,027,400 job openings are expected for B.C. over the
next ten-year period
• Close to two-thirds of job openings (676,400) will be
due to replacement demand as a result of retiring
workers and deaths
• The other one-third of job openings (351,000) will be
due to the new jobs that result from economic growth
• Demand for workers in B.C. is expected to grow by an
annual average rate of 1.4% over the ten-year period
Future Job Growth
Retirements
Econ Growth
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Which sectors will create the greatest numbers of new jobs by 2020?
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
With the pressure of growing business with fewer workers, what actions will
many employers utilize?
• Contracting out low-skill or specialized activities internationally or to
independent contractors
• Introduce new types of technology
• Seek out organizational efficiencies
• Increase wages and other employment benefits
• Develop recruiting strategies for under-represented members of the labour
market
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Groups which can be better utilized in the labour market include:
•Aboriginals
•Those with Disabilities
•Youth
•Older Workers
•Immigrants
•Individuals with Multiple Barriers to Employment
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
The challenge of our
labour market is not a
labour shortage but a
skills shortage
Over 77% of All Jobs
Will Require
Post-Secondary Education
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Occupations experiencing or expected to experience shortages:
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Managers in Health, Education, Social and Community Services, Construction and
Transportation
Auditors, Accountants and Investment Professionals
Human Resources and Business Service Professionals
Professional Occupations in Natural and Applied Sciences
Physical Science Professionals / Life Science Professionals
Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers
Pharmacists, Dietitians, Nutritionists, Nurse Supervisors and Registered Nurses
Medical Technologists and Technicians
Psychologists, Social Workers, Counsellors, Clergy and Probation Officers
Underground Miners, Oil and Gas Drillers and Related Workers
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Occupations experiencing an over-supply of labour:
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Clerical Supervisors and clerical Occupations
Office Equipment Operators
Finance and Insurance Clerks
Mail and Message Distribution Occupations
Sales and Service Supervisors / Cashiers
Secondary & Elementary Teachers and Counsellors
Sales and Service Supervisors, Cashiers
Butchers & Bakers
Upholsterers, Tailors, Shoe Repairers, Jewellers and Related Occupations
Fishing Vessel Masters and Skippers and Fishermen/Fisherwomen
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
BC Skills for
Growth
Labour Market
Strategy
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Employment Programs such as the Employment Program of B.C. and ASETSfunded Employment Programming for Aboriginals
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Aboriginal Business Entrepreneurship Skills
Training (BEST)
Aboriginal Training and Employment
Program (ATEP)
BladeRunners
Employment Skills Access Initiative
Immigrants in Trades Training
Job Options BC
Job Options BC - Urban Older Workers
Labour Market Sector Solutions
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Skilled Trades Employment Program (STEP)
Skilled Trades Employment Program (STEP) –
Job Match Services
Skills Connect for Immigrants
Targeted Initiative for Older Workers (TIOW)
Targeted Skills Shortage Pilot Program
Trades Training for Aboriginal People
Women in Trades Training
Women’s Mentorship Program
Youth Skills BC - Workplace Program
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Employment Program of B.C.
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Launched April 2, 2012 after over 2 years of consultations
85 WorkBC Employment Services Centres (ESCs) throughout BC
100+ satellite offices with outreach and itinerant services
ESCs provide a range of services to any unemployed British Columbian
Assist clients to become employment ready and find & sustain a job
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Employment Program of B.C.
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The EPBC has served 160,449 people, with over 80% receiving case management
38,776 employment outcomes achieved
Program has achieved an overall employment rate of about 42%
Employment outcome rate is nearly 80% for clients who have completed case
management
EI clients account for 36% and BCEA clients account for nearly a third of all
clients
91,076 self identified as being from one or more specialized populations
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Employment Program of B.C. | Specialized Populations
20,000
18,000
16,000
14,000
12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
Persons with a
disability
Youth
Multi-barriered
Rural and
remote
populations
Aboriginal
people
Immigrants
Survivors of Francophone
violence and/or
abuse
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Planning for a Skills Shortage: Critical Next Steps
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Work with secondary school educators and public and private post-secondary
instructions to ensure training programs reflect labour market demand.
Encourage local employers to recruit individuals from under-represented
populations such as Aboriginals, immigrants and those with disabilities.
Adopt inclusive community policies to encourage immigrants to settle in the
area.
Support local employers with informing job seekers and youth about the
employment opportunities in their own community.
Encourage local businesses to adopt ‘employer of choice’ policies.
Foster mentorship and co-op educational opportunities.
Labour Market Outlook
for Mid-Sized British Columbia Communities
Planning for a Skills Shortage: Critical Next Steps
• Develop economic development policies that take into consideration factors
such as:
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Economic Shifts to a Knowledge and Service-based Economy
Globalization
Health and the Environment
Technology and Education
Self Employment
Changing Age Demographics

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