Text Structures - Campbell County Schools

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Text Structures
Informational Text
Pre-assessment
Your teacher will place you in small groups.
 Each group will receive a piece of chart paper
and a marker.
 Your group will have 3 minutes to write down
everything you know about text structures in
informational text. If you are stuck, think about
what words/phrases come to mind when you
think about text structures.
 After 3 minutes, each group will share out.

Learning Target

Let’s deconstruct today’s learning target:
I can explain how authors organize text
and how the individual parts of a text (e.g.
sections, chapters) contribute to the
overall development of ideas.
Guided Notes

Directions: As your teacher provides you
with information about text structures,
you will fill in your Guided Notes sheet.
Be sure to raise your hand if you have any
questions, relevant comments, or
connections to make.
What are text structures?
Different types of informational passages
have different text structures.
 Text structures are organizational
patterns.
 Authors use certain text structures to help
their audience better understand the
information presented.

What are the types of informational
text structures?

The most common are CAUSE AND
EFFECT, COMPARE/CONTRAST, PROBLEM
AND SOLUTION, and CHRONOLOGICAL
ORDER.
CAUSE AND EFFECT
Characteristics
describes
effect(s)
a reason and its
CAUSE AND EFFECT signal
words/phrases
Effect
 As a result
 Because
 Consequently
 For this reason
 If…then
 Since
 Therefore

COMPARE/CONTRAST
Characteristics
 Compares
and contrasts specific
elements of two or more things
COMPARE/CONTRAST signal
words/phrases
Alike
 As opposed to
 Different
 In common
 On the other hand
 Similar

PROBLEM AND SOLUTION
Characteristics
 Describes
a problem and its
solution(s)
PROBLEM AND SOLUTION signal
words/phrases
Affect
 As a result
 Because
 Consequently
 For this reason
 If…then
 Since
 therefore

CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER
characteristics
Sequence, or order based on time
 Chrono = time

CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER signal
words/phrases
First
 Next
 Last
 Then
 After
 Before
 Later

Social Studies and Science Texts
Most texts in SOCIAL STUDIES tend to be
structured in chronological order or cause
and effect.
 Most texts in SCIENCE tend to be
organized in problem/solution.

Let’s Practice

Read the following passage. Determine
the text structure and explain how it
contributes to the overall development of
ideas.
In the game of volleyball, players hit a
ball over a long net that stretches across a
court. There are twelve players on the
court at one time—six players per team.
The game of tennis is similar to volleyball
in that a ball is hit over a long net on a
court, but this is all the two sports have in
common. In tennis, the ball is hit with a
racquet, and only two or four players are
on the court at one time.

In your small groups, discuss the following
prompts. You may use your guided notes
as a resource.
1. Determine the text structure of the
passage.
2. Explain what clues led you to determine
that text structure.
Now it’s your turn!
Your teacher will distribute an
Informational Text Structures practice
sheet to you.
 Read each of the passages, highlight
signal words/phrases, and determine the
text structure for each one.
 Be prepared to discuss as a class.

Day 2:
“Macaroni and Cheese: An American
Classic”
Independently read “Macaroni and
Cheese: An American Classic.”
 Highlight signal words/phrases as you
read.
 Carefully respond to the questions that
follow.


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