Visual Perception Quiz 2

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Visual Perception Quiz 2
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Perception refers to the process by which
A) Sense organs transmit information to the
brain for initial processing
B) Perception receptors gather information
from the environment
C) The brain organises and interprets
sensation
D) The brain selects which stimuli to
respond to
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The two major processes occurring in the
eye are
A) Selection and perception
B) Reception and transduction
C) Organisation and interpretation
D) Transduction and interpretation
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A person who loses sight in one eye could
still perceive depth and distance by using
the cues of
A) Interposition and relative size
B) Convergence and retinal disparity
C) Linear perspective and convergence
D) Texture gradient and retinal disparity
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Accommodation is
A) Is a binocular depth cue
B) Is possible because our eyes are 6 to
7cm apart
C) Enables an image to be sharply focused
onto the retina
D) Enables our eyes to turn inwards to focus
on an object
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Imagine that you are in a museum. A statue is
in the middle of the room. You walk around it
and examine it from many places in the room.
The retinal image of the statue changes, but
you do not perceive the statue as changing.
This is known as
A) Convergence
B) Motion parallax
C) Interpositioning
D) Perceptual constancy
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Three types of perceptual constancy are:
A) size, texture and form
B) Form, shape and texture
C) Size, shape and brightness
D) Brightness, texture and form
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Visual perception processes begin when
_____ energy is changed into _____
energy.
A) chemical; electromagnetic
B) Electromagnetic; electrochemical
C) Electromagnetic; chemical
D) Electrochemical; electromagnetic
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In the visual perception process, which of
the following occurs first?
A) Selection
B) Reception
C) Transmission
D) Feature detection
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In visual perception, the process of
transduction takes place in
A) Lens
B) Pupil
C) Occipital lobe
D) photoreceptors
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If you move an object closer to the viewer
A) It has little or no effect on the viewer’s
perception of the object’s size
B) It causes the viewer to perceive the
object as getting bigger
C) It changes the viewer’s perception of the
object’s shape
D) It decreases the size of the retinal image
of the object
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The pattern on solider’s uniforms is
designed to assist camouflage in a jungle.
The camouflage occurs because
A) The principle of figure-ground is applied
B) The principle of proximity is applied
C) The principle of figure-ground is not
applied
D) The principle of proximity is not applied
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Jemima has had an operation on one eye
and has to wear a protective patch. She
will probably have some difficulty
perceiving the distance of objects because
she cannot use
A) Retinal disparity
B) Accommodation
C) Gestalt principles
D) Pictorial cues
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A number of depth cues are used when
perceiving the Ames room illusion. Which
of the following is a depth cue that is NOT
used?
A) figure-ground
B) Convergence
C) Accommodation
D) Linear perspective
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Visual acuity is greatest
A) In the fovea where there are only rods
B) In the fovea where there are only cones
C) In the area of the retina where there are
equal numbers of rods and cones
D) In the area of the retina where the optic
nerve attaches
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The process of converting one kind of
energy to another by cells in the eye is
called
A) Feature detection
B) Perceptual organisation
C) Transmission
D) Transduction
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The adjustment of the shape of the lens to
focus on a near object is known as
A) Convergence
B) Retinal disparity
C) Accommodation
D) Transduction
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An open drawer is perceived as having the
same shape when seen from the front, the
side, or from above. This is an example of
A) Perceptual constancy
B) Perceptual set
C) Similarity
D) Visual illusion
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Visual reception involves the
A) Delivery of the visual information to the
appropriate lobe for interpretation
B) Detection of light by the photoreceptors
on the retina
C) Transmission of a visual image to the
brain
D) Interpretation of the visual information in
the brain
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Luisa woke at night in her darkened room. At first
she could not see anything, but after a few
minutes, due to the _____ in her eyes, she could
see the shape of her dressing gown hanging on
the door. When she turned on the light she could
see the colour of the dressing gown, due to the
action of her _______.
A) Cones; rods
B) Rods; cones
C) Rods; rods
D) Cones; cones
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A person with an eye patch over one eye for
a long period of time could still perceive
depth and distance by using the cues of
A) Interposition and relative size
B) Texture gradient and retinal disparity
C) Convergence and retinal disparity
D) Linear perspective and convergence
Please make your selection
Mark is hanging his red shirt, blue shirt and white shirt
outside in the sun. Suddenly the sun is covered by a
large, dark cloud.
The statement that best describes the effect on Mark’s
visual perception is
A) The white shirt appears dimmer than the blue and
red shirts
B) The red and blue shirts appear dimmer than the
white shirt
C) The red and white shirts appear brighter than the
blue shirt
D) All three shirts appear as bright as they did
previously
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When an object is identified as a figure
separate from its background, the object is
more likely to
A) Have a distinct shape
B) Be placed behind another object
C) Be just as noticeable as its background
D) Be less dominant than its background
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Accommodation
A) Enables our eyes to turn inwards to focus
on the object
B) Is a binocular depth cue
C) Enables a sharp or focused image to be
produced on the retina
D) Is possible because our eyes are 6 to
7cm apart
Please make your selection
During accommodation the _____ changes
shape and ______ when focusing on a far
object
A) pupil; contracts
B) Pupil; dilates
C) Lens; bulges
D) Lens; elongates
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________ are misinterpretations of visual
stimuli that tend to be perceived by most
people consistently over time, even with
knowledge and understanding of this
misinterpretation.
A) Perceptual sets
B) Visual illusions
C) Delusions
D) Hallucinations
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The muller-lyer illusion is
A) More noticeable when the two lines of equal length
are vertical rather than horizontal
B) More noticeable when the two lines of equal length
are horizontal rather than vertical
C) More noticeable when there are lines with inward or
outward directed angles (arrowheads or fishtails) at
the ends of the two lines rather than with inward or
outward directed semicircles or circles
D) Just as noticeable when there are lines with inward
or outward directed angles (arrowheads or fishtails)
at the ends of the two lines rather than with inward or
outward directed semicircles or circles
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Which of the following is a depth cue for
visual perception?
A) Proximity
B) Similarity
C) Accommodation
D) closure
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The difference in images on the retina of
each eye when an observer is viewing
something is called
A) Accommodation
B) Linear perspective
C) Texture gradient
D) Retinal disparity
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A visual illusion is best described as
A) A consistent misinterpretation of a real
sensory stimuli
B) A trick involving the visual perception
system
C) A false belief despite obvious proof that
what is being looked at is incorrect
D) A perception that occurs without external
stimulation of the eye
Please make your selection
In the visual perception system, information
travels from the retina via the optic nerve
to the brain in a process called
A) Transduction
B) Reception
C) Feature detection
D) transmission

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