RENAISSANCE AND SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION AGENDA Bellringer Review homework (P. 4 Absolutism Organizer) Exit ticket questions REVIEW QUESTIONS – W/ A PARTNER What does the word Renaissance mean? Rebirth of learning What time period in world history preceded the Scientific Revolution? Middle Ages/Dark Ages Name two scientists and their discoveries Galileo/Copernicus (heliocentric theory), Newton (Gravity), Descartes (Scientific Method), Bacon (use of reason) What institution held the most power prior to the Scientific Revolution? Catholic Church PRIOR TO SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION…. Middle Ages/Dark Ages After Fall of Rome, there was chaos. No one was safe Culture and education took a back seat to survival Catholic church was unifying force on the manor Feudalism was established as a means of protection from ‘barbarian’ tribes Only literate people were monks, nuns, church officials SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION Feudalism began collapsing as nation-states began to form As nation-states began to form, education began to return, new languages formed Scientists began to educate traditional “truths” that they had been told by Catholic Church (ie: Earth is center of universe, everything is as God wants it, have faith, etc) As scientists began to disprove the church, the church began losing power Revolution because it was a rapid change in traditional beliefs Scientists were excommunicated for their work IMPORTANT SCIENTISTS… Copernicus (theorized heliocentric theory) Galileo (proved heliocentric theory with telescope) Newton (gravity) Bacon (Scientific Method) Descartes (analytical geometry, plane system – forerunner of latitude/longitude) RENAISSANCE Scientists paved the way for other groups of academic study Began in Italy (major trade center, last strong hold of classical civilization) Humanism: Life in the now as well as religion Art (Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles) Literature (Dante’s Divine Comedy, Shakespeare, MACHIAVELLI) Gutenberg’s printing press Scientific revolution + Renaissance + Printing Press = Reformation, Exploration WHAT DO THEY HAVE IN COMMON? Both the Scientific Revolution and Renaissance ushered in an era of questioning old traditions and values (church, feudalism, social hierarchy) Catholic Church is weakened and will be further divided in reformation This questioning of ideas will lead us into the beginning of this years studies. People will continuing questioning authority throughout the enlightenment, which will cause people to revolt against their governments…. VISUAL Fall of Rome Viva la Revolucion! Feudalism Enlightenment Scientific Revolution Absolutism & Reformation Renaissance EXIT TICKET Answer each of the questions on your whiteboard What time period is considered a rebirth of learning? What time period preceded the Scientific Revolution? What was the unifying institution of the middle ages? What punishment did you receive if you went against the Catholic Church? What is the title of the leader of the Catholic Church? Name the scientist who discovered gravity? Name the scientist who PROVED the heliocentric theory? Name one artist from the Renaissance What Renaissance author wrote about how rulers should gain and keep power? What Renaissance author wrote Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet? What was the name of the German Monk who posted 95 theses against the Catholic Church? What Renaissance invention allowed the 95 theses to be printed?