Renaissance and Scientific Revolution Notes

Report
RENAISSANCE AND SCIENTIFIC
REVOLUTION
AGENDA
Bellringer
Review homework (P. 4 Absolutism Organizer)
Exit ticket questions
REVIEW QUESTIONS – W/ A PARTNER
 What does the word Renaissance mean?
 Rebirth of learning
 What time period in world history preceded the Scientific Revolution?
 Middle Ages/Dark Ages
 Name two scientists and their discoveries
 Galileo/Copernicus (heliocentric theory), Newton (Gravity), Descartes (Scientific Method), Bacon (use
of reason)
What institution held the most power prior to the Scientific Revolution?
 Catholic Church
PRIOR TO SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION….
 Middle Ages/Dark Ages
After Fall of Rome, there was chaos. No one was safe
Culture and education took a back seat to survival
Catholic church was unifying force on the manor
Feudalism was established as a means of protection from ‘barbarian’ tribes
Only literate people were monks, nuns, church officials
SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
Feudalism began collapsing as nation-states began to form
As nation-states began to form, education began to return, new languages formed
Scientists began to educate traditional “truths” that they had been told by Catholic
Church (ie: Earth is center of universe, everything is as God wants it, have faith, etc)
As scientists began to disprove the church, the church began losing power
Revolution because it was a rapid change in traditional beliefs
Scientists were excommunicated for their work
IMPORTANT SCIENTISTS…
 Copernicus (theorized heliocentric theory)
 Galileo (proved heliocentric theory with telescope)
 Newton (gravity)
 Bacon (Scientific Method)
 Descartes (analytical geometry, plane system – forerunner of latitude/longitude)
RENAISSANCE
 Scientists paved the way for other groups of academic study
 Began in Italy (major trade center, last strong hold of classical civilization)
 Humanism: Life in the now as well as religion
 Art (Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles)
 Literature (Dante’s Divine Comedy, Shakespeare, MACHIAVELLI)
 Gutenberg’s printing press
 Scientific revolution + Renaissance + Printing Press = Reformation, Exploration
WHAT DO THEY HAVE IN COMMON?
 Both the Scientific Revolution and Renaissance ushered in an era of questioning old
traditions and values (church, feudalism, social hierarchy)
Catholic Church is weakened and will be further divided in reformation
This questioning of ideas will lead us into the beginning of this years studies. People
will continuing questioning authority throughout the enlightenment, which will cause
people to revolt against their governments….
VISUAL
Fall of Rome
Viva la
Revolucion!
Feudalism
Enlightenment
Scientific
Revolution
Absolutism &
Reformation
Renaissance
EXIT TICKET
Answer each of the questions on your whiteboard
What time period is
considered a rebirth of
learning?
What time period
preceded the Scientific
Revolution?
What was the unifying
institution of the middle
ages?
What punishment did you
receive if you went against
the Catholic Church?
What is the title of the
leader of the Catholic
Church?
Name the scientist who
discovered gravity?
Name the scientist who
PROVED the heliocentric
theory?
Name one artist from the
Renaissance
What Renaissance author
wrote about how rulers
should gain and keep
power?
What Renaissance author
wrote Hamlet and Romeo
and Juliet?
What was the name of the
German Monk who posted
95 theses against the
Catholic Church?
What Renaissance invention
allowed the 95 theses to be
printed?

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