Prep., Conj. & Interj.

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PREPOSITIONS
What are prepositions? Page 152
HELPFUL HINT
_____________________ the box
If you can place a word in the blank and it describes a
relationship with the box, then that word is a preposition.
*NEVER place a VERB on that blank line.
DEFINITION:
A preposition is a word that shows a relationship
between a noun or pronoun and some other word in
the sentence.
• Robots in outer space perform useful functions.
• The robot is above the spacecraft.
PRACTICE AND PERFORM!
http://youtu.be/glsF28IAlz8?t=9s
PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, its
object, and any modifiers.
• Robots conduct missions for the space program.
• Among their many tasks is photographing the
planets.
PRACTICE
& APPLY
Complete
exercise on
page 154
using ActivInspire.
PREPOSITION OR ADVERB?
Sometimes the same exact word can be used as a
preposition or as an adverb.
If the word has no object, then it is an adverb.
• The spacecraft has no gravity within its walls.
• The spacecraft has no gravity within.
PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES PART 1
Adjective Phrases
• An adjective prepositional phrase modifies a noun or
pronoun.
• Like an adjective, a prepositional phrase can tell which
one, how many, or what kind.
• Robots perform several jobs in the automobile industry.
• The sprayer on an assembly line is an industrial root.
PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES PART 2
Adverb Phrases
• An adverb prepositional phrase modifies a verb, an
adjective, or another adverb.
• An adverb prepositional phrase can tell where, when,
how, why, or to what extent.
• Industrial robots operate from fixed positions.
• These robots are reprogrammable for various tasks.
PRACTICE
& APPLY
Complete
exercise on
page 157.
(on next slide)
1.Automotive manufacturers around the world have installed robots.
2.In factories, robots work quickly and efficiently.
3.Many factory robots are arms on moving rails.
4.Mechanical arms move systematically down an assembly line.
5.Robots work chiefly under hazardous conditions.
6.With great precision, robots spray-paint cars.
7.They are immune to dangerous paint fumes.
8.Mold-maker robots inject red-hot metal into molds.
9.Robots handle materials that would cause damage to human flesh.
10.Arc welding is another job among the many risky jobs that robots
perform.
CONJUNCTIONS
What are conjunctions? Page 158
CONJUNCTION, WHAT’S YOUR FUNCTION?
http://youtu.be/RPoBE-E8VOc
DEFINITION OF A CONJUNCTION:
A conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of
words together.
• #1 Coordinating Conjunctions
• #2 Correlative Conjunctions
COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS
A coordinating conjunction connects words used in the
same way.
The words joined by a conjunction can be subjects, objects,
predicates, or any other kind of sentence parts.
COMMON
COORDINATING
CONJUNCTIONS
• and
• but
• for
• or
• nor
• so
• yet
• while
• until
COORDINATING CONJUNCTION EXAMPLES
1. Motors and software control a robot named Cog.
2. Cog can make eye contact and track motion.
3. Cog is a computer-drive machine, but it acts like a human being.
4. Kismet, another robot, can smile or look sad.
CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS
Correlative conjunctions are pairs of words that connect words
used in the same way.
Like coordinating conjunctions, correlative conjunctions can join
any part of the subject together.
COMMON
CORRELATIVE
CONJUNCTIONS
• both…and
• either…or
• not only…but also
• neither…nor
• whether…or
CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTION EXAMPLES
1.Cog moves not only its head but also its arms.
2.Both Cog and Kismet are robots with intelligence.
PRACTICE
& APPLY
Complete
exercise on
page 160.
(on next slide)
1. Cog and Kismet are two robots developed at MIT, the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology.
2. The robot Cog has an upper body, but it doesn’t have any legs.
3. Cog’s achievements are few, yet they are so impressive.
4. Cog not only stares at strangers but also follows them with its gaze as they cross
a room.
5. Cog can play drums and even played them in a rock video.
6. It can move a toy or pick up a stuffed animal.
7. Kismet needs constant stimulation, yet it is easily amused.
8. Its features are cartoon-like, and its big blue eyes open wide.
9. Kismet can respond to its handlers’ actions with a smile or a look of interest.
10.Neither Cog nor Kismet is programmed with emotions.
INTERJECTIONS
An interjection is a word or phrase used to express emotion.
An interjection can stand alone or be set off by a comma.
Writers often use interjections to express strong emotions
(such as anger, joy, concern, surprise, terror, and disgust).
THE END
OF GRAMMAR !!!
BRAIN REST
Robots Can’t Beat Humans:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6GjUKyv-qo

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