MII IT i byggeriet

Report
ICT in the Building Process
Education
Per Christiansson, Kjeld Svidt
Aalborg University
http://it.bt.aau.dk
Aalborg Universitet 23 november 2005
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[1/17]
ICT and MODELS of REALITY
PRODUCT
PROCESS
models
ICT (Information and Communication Technology) may be defined as the technologies to
support capture, storage, manipulation, communication and delivery of information on
different application levels (from macro to micro scale) and in different contexts such as
technological, organisational, and cultural.
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[2/17]
Building Industry Needs
- User needs and requirements formulation
- Participation in system design, evaluation and usability testing
- Specification and design of new User Environment
- User Interface design
- System interoperability and Web implications
- New ICT tools design (using meta tools)
- Formulation of change and ICT strategies
- Specification, building and handling of Virtual Building models
- Global competitiveness success
- Increased effectivity and efficiency
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[3/17]
“Inadequate interoperability increases
the cost burden of construction
industry stakeholders and results in
missed opportunities that could create
significant benefits for the construction
industry and the public at large.
……
This report, prepared for NIST by RTI
International and the Logistic
Management Institute, estimates the
cost of inadequate interoperability in
the U.S. capital facilities industry to be
$15.8 billion per year. The intended
audiences are owners and operators
of capital facilities; design,
construction, operation and
maintenance, and other providers of
professional services in the capital
facilities industry; and public- and
private-sector research organizations
engaged in developing interoperability
solutions. “
15.8’’’ --> 1.8 milliarder DKK adjusted
for population
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[4/17]
Bips
Byggeri informationsteknologi
produktivitet samarbejde
http://www.bips.dk
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[5/17]
Det Digitale Byggeriprograam -DDB
1/2
In 2002 the Danish national 'Digital Construction - a development
program for the whole construction sector' in Danish 'Det Digitale
Byggeri', DDB, was started. (40 millions DKK).
See also http://www.detdigitalebyggeri.dk.
As a result the public clients will 2007 state a set of ICT requirements
that the enterprises of the construction sector must meet if they wish to
tender for public construction projects.
An Advisory Board advises the National Agency for Enterprise and
Construction. EBST, on the overall direction and progress of the
development project. EBST also forms secretariat for the project,
http://www.naec.dk/
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[6/17]
DDB
2/2
Four projects were launched in 2003 within client requirements
formulation [i6 IT Civil Group participates in (2), (3), (4), and (5)].
(1) Digital tender
(2) 3D models
(3) Digital handover (Digital aflevering), DACaPo
(4) Projectweb
together with a project on
(5) Foundation for Digital Construction (classification and standardization
issues).
In 2005 the final project was launched namely
(6) Best Practice - or in Danish ‘Bedst i Byggeriet’
(7) Digital Projekplanlægning i renoveringssektorn (5 2005)
http://www.detdigitalebyggeri.dk/english/0/10
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[7/17]
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[8/17]
Digital handover
(Digital aflevering),
DACaPo
project
Document Classes
Site
Building
O&M
Economy
PC 3.6.2005
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[9/17]
WHERE TO FIND DDB INFO?
At the Detdigitalebyggeri site http://www.detdigitalebyggeri.dk
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[10/17]
Demo projekt fra Det Digitale Fundament (22 pages)
http://asp.forum-ddb.net/asp/dib/doc.asp?action=7&docid=142588-
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[11/17]
Implementeringsnetværket for DDB
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[12/17]
COMPETENCES NEEDS
Builders must process some ICT competences to be able to formulate needs,
requirements, and perform usability evaluation as well as to actively participate
in the (creative) design of tomorrows building process ICT tools.
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[13/17]
ICT in Construction Learning Domains
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[14/17]
COURSES TODAY
IKT kurser B AAU
Sem 1
FS5, Basis
Computerbaseret tegning og modellering. 1M, FS5
Kjeld Svidt, Erik Kjems
Sem6
Civ. ing.
IT in the Building Process. 2M, PE
Kjeld Svidt, Per Christiansson
Sem7
BL (Byggeledelse)
Bygningsmodeller/Virtual Buildings. 1M, SE
Kjeld Svidt, Kaj Jørgensen
Sem7
BL
Knowledge Representations and Semantic Web. 2M, SE
Per Christiansson
Sem8
BL
Computerstøttet Samarbejde/MM & KM. 2M, SE
Per Christiansson
Sem1
MII (Master Industrial IT)
Grafiske Brugergrænseflader/Human Computer Interaction. 1M, PE
Per Christiansson
Sem 1
MII (Master Industrial IT)
Teknologistøttet samarbejde/CSCW. 1M, PE
Kjeld Svidt
Sem 3
MII (Master Industrial IT)
Multimedia and Interactive Systems. 1M, SE
Per Christiansson
Sem 3
MII (Master Industrial IT)
Knowledge Management. 1M, SE
Per Christiansson
Sem3-Sem4
MII (Master Industrial IT)
Specialerelaterede kurser: Virtual Buildings, Intelligent Buildings and Digital Cities,
Building Simulations.
ØVRIGT
2 Elite kurser, Livslang uddannelse
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[15/17]
COURSES TOMORROW
Sem 1/2
Basis
Grundlæggende bygningsrelateret informationsteknologi. 2M, FS
Per Christiansson, Kjeld Svidt
Sem1/2 EKSISTERENDE
Basis
Computerbaseret tegning og modellering. 1M, FS5
Kjeld Svidt, Erik Kjems
Sem4
CI
Product- og Processmodeller i Byggeriet. 1M, SE
Kjeld Svidt, Per Christiansson
Sem5
CI
Databaser og Videnrepræsentation. 1M, SE
Per Christiansson, Kjeld Svidt
Sem6
CI
IKT-støttet samarbejde. 1M, PE/SE
Kjeld Svidt, Per Christiansson
Sem7
EKSISTERENDE
BL (Byggeledelse)
Bygningsmodeller/Virtual Buildings. 1M, SE
Kjeld Svidt, Kaj Jørgensen
Sem7
BL
EKSISTERENDE
Knowledge Representations and Semantic Web. 2M, SE
Per Christiansson
Sem8
BL
EKSISTERENDE
Computerstøttet Samarbejde/MM & KM. 2M, SE
Per Christiansson
MII (Master Industrial IT)
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
AS BEFORE
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[16/17]
END
Extra slides ->
http://it.bt.aau.dk/it/
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[17/17]
World - system - model
3/4
The Virtual Building, VB, model is accessed
through more or less detailed representations.
The VB sub-models may be partly overlapping
and also contain redundant information.
From
Christiansson P, Carlsen M (2005) Virtual Building from
Theory to Practice. Proceedings W78 22nd
Conference on Information Technology in Construction.
Edited by R.J. Scherer, P. Katranuschkov, S.-E.
Schapke. Dresden July 19-21, 2005. (pp. 171- 175).
http://it.bt.aau.dk/it/reports/2005_07_w78_dresden.pdf
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[18/17]
WORLD - SYSTEM - MODEL
1/4
From the world to data models
implemented in software systems.
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[19/17]
World - system - model
2/4
The real world is modeled and
accessed from a User
Environment, UE, to facilitate
experience capture, design,
construction, use and re-design
of buildings.
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[20/17]
World - system - model
4/4
The complexity and flexibility in
organization of the building process
leads to large difficulties to build up
highly formalized non-redundant
models except for certain more
standardized buildings and process
organization
The favorable degree of optimum
formalization of the building process
will be different dependent on which
actors view is applied.
There might be a negative correlation between
effectiveness and flexibility for different
representations.
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[21/17]
Building Process Oscillations
Building Process models development have during the latest decades had periodic
focus on achieving a highly formalized non-redundant building product model, Virtual
Building, VB
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[22/17]
Building Process in Change
ICT tools described into a building
process context. We envision
greater emphasis in the near future
on formalisation of building
process/product components
especially on the meta data level.
Formalised processes will more
efficiently handle flexible user
environments (UE) and project
information containers
accommodating partly redundant
information.
Christiansson, P, 2003, “Next Generation Knowledge Management Systems for the Construction Industry” Auckland, New Zealand, April
23-25, 2003. CIB W78 Proceedings 'Construction IT Bridging the Distance", ISBN 0-908689-71-3. CIB Publication 284. (494 pages). (pp.
80-87).
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[23/17]
DEFINITIONS
ONTOLOGY
- the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being
- An explicit formal specification of how to represent the objects,
concepts, and other entities that are assumed to exist in some area of
interest and the relationships that hold among them.
DICTIONARY
- a book that lists the words of a language in alphabetic order and gives
their meaning, or that gives equivalent words in different language.
CLASSIFICATION
- The action or process of classifying something according to shared
qualities or characteristics
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[24/17]
COMPETENCES ….
There is at present and in the future building industry
a great need for persons who can take active part in
specification, design, implementation, and evaluation
of tomorrows building process support systems.
A broad view and insight into the complex building
process together with a broad and in some key areas
deep knowledge into existing and coming ICT tools
are required in combination.
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[25/17]
A COMPLEX PROCESS
The implementation in the building process has been rather slow due to
- the building process is one of the most complex and less formalized applied
processes
- Building process actors using different ICT tools, languages and model
formalisms with a rich spectrum of user interfaces with different
characteristics
- A very cross scientific domain.
- Too little focus on building up it's own ICT competences (the out-sourcing
trend increases the risk of loosen company business strategic knowledge).
- Low client understanding that ICT pays back (better early decisions in
alternative solutions, higher quality and better documented end products.
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[26/17]
Emerging ICT tools
IKT kurser B AAU
•
XML (Extensible Markup Language)
•
Time parameter taken into account in models
•
The SEMANTIC WEB
•
Virtual Workspaces
•
Web and Grid services
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[27/17]
INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES
VERA, http://cic.vtt.fi/vera/english.htm (1997-2002)
ITBOF2002, IT Bygg och Fastighet. http://www.itbof.se
IAI, International Alliance for Interoperability,(IFC)
http://www.iai-international.org
(http://cic.vtt.fi/niai/ Nordic Chapter, http://www.iai-forum.dk/)
CIB W78, International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and
Construction, IT in Construction. http://w78.civil.auc.dk (http://it.bt.aau.dk
Building Informatics AAU)
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[28/17]
HOW CAN I FOLLOW/INTERACT WITH
THE WORK?
The DDB program will end
in 2007.
A lot of what is presented
at this stage may (and will)
be revised both client
requirements and
classification schemes.
You are encouraged to
follow (both push and pull)
the discussions and
progress on the Learning
Net.
http://www.detdigitalebygge
ri.dk/forum/0/3
IKT kurser B AAU
Per Christiansson 23.11.2005
IT in Civil Engineering  Aalborg University
http:://it.bt.aau.dk
[29/17]

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