SS7G10 The student will discuss environmental issues across Southern and Eastern Asia. a. Describe the causes and effects of pollution on the Yangtze and Ganges Rivers. b. Describe the causes and effects of air pollution and flooding in India and China. Pollution of the Yangtze River Causes include – • Sewage runoff • Industrial runoff • Agricultural runoff Pollution of the Yangtze River Effects include – • Dead zones • Lack of drinkable water • Deformities in animals • Multiple health issues http://en.mercopress.com/2009/12/04/chi na-attacks-water-pollution-and-plansmassive-investments http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=URLriIJASV8 Pollution of the Ganges River Causes include – • Industrial runoff • Human waste • Human pollution (trash) • Bodies (http://www.all-about-india.com/Ganges-RiverPollution.html) http://www.all-about-india.com/Ganges-River-Pollution.html https://confluence.furman.edu:8443/display/GGY230F10/Lake+ and+Sea+Pollution Pollution of the Ganges Effects include – • Health issues • Death • Lack of drinkable water • Negative impact on economy Air Pollution in India Causes – Effects – • Transportation • Industry • Household pollution • Coal power stations • Large population • Death (over 2million/year) • Lung cancer • Lung infections • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. http://www.all-about-india.com/India-Air-pollution.html http://www.backpacking-tips-asia.com/environmental-issuesin-india.html#.UhEpBm1XNhE http://www.thecuttingedgenews.com/index.php?article=11805 Air Pollution in China Causes – Effects – • Rapid economic growth • Burning coal • Population growth • Transportation • Respiratory disease • Lung cancer • Asthma • Brown cloud • Acid rain http://econews.com.au/news-to-sustain-ourworld/china%E2%80%99s-56bn-air-pollution-crackdown/ http://www.inautonews.com/total-number-of-cars-in-china-hits-240mas-air-quality-reaches-hazardous-levels#.UhE1v21XNhE http://www.easterbrook.ca/pmu199/?p=482 Flooding in India and China Causes – Effects – • Typhoons • Monsoons • Tropical Storms • Urban development • Human Oversight • Damage to property • Loss of property • Diseases • Death • Economic toll • Landslides http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/asiapcf/07/21/china.floods.three.gorges.dam/index.html http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/23/world/asia/india-floods http://www.cleveland.com/world/index.ssf/2010/08/th ousands_missing_in_landslide.html http://english.sina.com/china/p/2012/0625/480306.h tml http://www.indiamike.com/india/uttarakhand-f135/massive-flooding-inuttarakhand-june-2013-a-t198165/3/ Will the completion of the Three Gorges Dam on the upper Yangtze River help with flooding? Pros and Cons of the Three Gorges Dam • Will generate electricity-clean & inexpensive • A renewable energy source • Will control flooding • Can store river water in case of a drought • Requires the flooding of entire valleys & scenic areas • Disrupts natural seasonal changes in the river • Ecosystems can be destroyed • Natural flooding cleans out silt • Will improve transportation • The silt that washes downstream provides fertile soil Facts about the Three Gorges Dam “Future Wonder of the World” • When completed it will be the largest hydroelectric dam in the world • Will be more than 1 mile long • Will be almost 600 feet tall • Will cost about 24 billion dollars • 20 years construction time!!