Document

Report
Using the Biomedical
Library & It’s Resources:
Becoming Efficient Information
Managers
BMD 201
Fall 2010
Beverly Rossini
• Information Services Librarian
• Contact Information:
Phone: (251) 460-6893
Fax: (251) 460-7638
Email: [email protected]
University of South Alabama:
Biomedical Library Sites
• Baugh Biomedical Library – Campus Site
 Primarily supports the academic health
sciences (College of Medicine, Colleges of
Nursing & Allied Health)
University of South Alabama:
Biomedical Library Sites
• Third floor of the University Medical Center
site and now called the Health Information
Resource Center
 Primarily supports the clinical medicine
specialties-collection concentrates on patient
care and treatment
University of South Alabama:
Biomedical Library Sites
• Children’s and Women’s Hospital site
 Primarily supports obstetrics, gynecology, and
pediatrics – which is reflected by the library’s
collection.
Objectives
• Students can describe challenges
inherent in using biomedical
literature.
• Students are aware of the USA
Biomedical Library’s resources and
services.
Objectives
• Students can acquire, evaluate,
utilize, and manage the
information contained in the
biomedical literature held at the
USA Biomedical Library.
Biomedical Literature:
the Challenges
• VOLUME
• VARIETY
• VARIOUS POINTS OF ACCESS
• RELIABILITY
VOLUME
Set of journals pertinent to primary care
physicians in 2002 found 7,287 articles
are published monthly in this set of
journals.
A physician trained in epidemiology
would take an estimated 627.5 hours
per month to evaluate articles
pertinent to his practice.1
VOLUME
• Nurses, who need to provide decision
makers with relatively concise ‘‘bottomline’’ estimates of effectiveness, report
approximately 1,000 systematic review
and meta-analyses studies that focus on
topics important to infection control
professionals are published annually.2
VOLUME
• In biomedical research, the amount of
experimental data and published
scientific information is “overwhelming
and ever increasing, which may inhibit
rather than stimulate scientific
progress.”3
VARIETY
• Primary information
• Secondary information
The Medical Literature
• Primary – original research
 Experimental (an intervention is made or variables are
manipulated)
• Randomized Control Trials
• Controlled trials
 Observational (no intervention or variables are
manipulated)
• Cohort studies
• Case-control studies
• Case reports
The Medical Literature
•
Secondary – reviews of original research
 Meta-analysis
 Systematic reviews
 Practice guidelines
 Reviews
 Decision analysis
 Consensus reports
 Editorial, commentary
VARIOUS POINTS OF ACCESS
• Personal Libraries:
books & journals
• Colleagues
• Personal experience
• Libraries
• Electronic
Information sources
(databases)
• Internet
BARRIERS
RELIABILITY
Information on the Internet about head
injury pertaining to intensive care: less
quantity and more quality is needed.(2006)
PMID: 16749874
Rating health information on the Internet:
navigating to knowledge or to Babel?
(1998) PMID: 9486757
RELIABILITY
Accessibility, nature and quality of health
information on the Internet: a survey on
osteoarthritis. (2005) PMID: 15572390
What is Evidence Based Practice
(EBP)
Short definition: “the integration of best
research evidence with clinical expertise
and patient values.”4
Overwhelmed?
• So many options –
so much information
... and
misinformation.
JOURNALS?
BOOKS?
• The library provides
numerous tools to help
you navigate this flood
of information.
INTERNET?
Biomedical literature is
“overwhelming and ever increasing, which may inhibit
rather than stimulate scientific progress.”
Information Management
• Focuses on using
valid information
that which is relevant
that which is accessible
Do researchers ever use books?
• SOUTHCat
What about e books?
Journals
Various Points of Access
Google
Various Points of access: Databases
Do you need…
•
•
•
•
•
•
Practice Guideline/Evidence
Professional literature (journal articles)
Consumer/Patient Info
A fact or data set
To contact a colleague
News item, image, or ???
More than
35
databases,
so check
scope notes
http://biomedicallibrary.southalabama.edu.
Scopus
Controlled language vs Keyword
MESH = Medical Subject
Headings
Found in PubMEd database
PubMed
• PubMed is a service of the U.S.
National Library of Medicine that
includes over 19 million citations
from 4,800 biomedical journals for
biomedical articles back to 1948.
• PubMed includes links to full text
articles and other related resources.
Advantages of PubMed
•
•
•
•
Free
Links to publisher’s sites for full-text journals
Or, can order full-text journal articles
Clinical Queries/Systematic Reviews section
limits retrieval to evidence-based citations
More Advantages of PubMed
• Can easily limit your search to:
–
–
–
–
–
Age groups
Human or Animal studies
Language
Review articles
Subsets, such as Core Clinical Journals or CAM
• Clipboard allows you to save citations from one
search or several searches that you may want to
print, save, email, or order
• My NCBI allows you to save search strategies in order
to generate updates - including automatic e-mail
updates
Various Points of access: Databases
Use MeSH
• flu
Questions?
• Assignment
• Go to Biomedical Library’s web page
http://biomedicallibrary.southalabama.edu/library/
• Center portal: Library Instruction/Library Courses
BMD 201
Submit through assignment portal.
Baugh Biomedical Library: What We
Can Do For You
Provide Access
To search tools.
To materials.
To information sources both in the library
and from outside.
Teach Effective Searching Skills
Living in an electronic/information age.
Skills important not only for school, but for
your entire careers.
Part of lifelong learning-essential to your
profession.
Bibliography
1Alper
BS, , Hand JA, and Elliott SG. "How much effort is needed to keep up
with the literature relevant for primary care?." Journal Medical o the
Library Association. 92.4 (2004): 429-437.
2 Bent S, Shojania KG, Saint S. “The use of systematic reviews and metaanalyses in infection control and hospital epidemiology.” Am J Infect
Control. 2004 Jun;32(4):246-54.
3 Weeber M, Kors JA, Mons B. Online tools to support literature-based
discovery in the life sciences.” Briefings in Bioinformatics. 2005
September; 6 (3): 277.
4 Sackett, DL. Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM. New
York: Churchill-Livingston, 2000.

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