Coastal management The Spatial And Ecological Dimensions Of The Issue • Coastal Management • Spatial dimension –length of coastline of 30 270 kilometres surrounds continent with cliffs, bay, beaches, lagoons, coral reefs, wetlands and island. • -Ninety per cent of Australians live within 50 kilometres of the cost. • The majority of Australia’s World heritage sites are located in the coastal zone. • • Ecological dimension • -Drift of population to the coastal resources since Europe settlement • - urban, industrial, agriculture, recreational and tourist activities put additional pressure on coasts. • Processes • -Erosion (rock platforms, blowholes) • -Transportation (waves, longshore drift) • -Deposition (tombolos, spits) • -Weathering ( corrosion and corrosion) Newspaper articles on coastal management Marine centre and university in partnership: The university of Newcastle and the central coast marine discovery center are working together to save and gain a better understanding of the unique marine environment on the coast. One of things they have done together is the launch of a display at the marine discovery centre at Terrigal. They are also working together to look at the state of the Port Jackson shark population on the coast. The center will deliver cutting-edge marine research and the opportunities for the university, its staff and students to inform the community about coastal management. Newspaper article on coastal management Gosford and Wyong councils are wary of a new legislation which could give residents the right to build their own sea walls to stop coastal erosion. Its been debated in state parliament, the coastal protection and other legislation amendment bill has been slightly modified following public comment on the draft bill earlier this year. The state climate change and environment minister said the proposed bill would provide a balance between protecting beaches and allowing landowners to protect their homes. Under the legislation, landowners would have be allowed to erect emergency coastal protection on beaches but would first have to obtain a permit. But Gosford council environment and planning directory said the proposed bill was not a complete package, with guidelines yet to be finalised. Identify the processes present explaining one • h CZM is a dynamic, multidisciplinary and iterative process to promote sustainable management of coastal zones. It covers the full cycle of information collection, planning (in its broadest sense), decision making, management and monitoring of implementation. ICZM uses the informed participation and cooperation of all stakeholders to assess the societal goals in a given coastal area, and to take actions towards meeting these objectives. ICZM seeks, over the long-term, to balance environmental, economic, social, cultural and recreational objectives, all within the limits set by natural dynamics. 'Integrated' in ICZM refers to the integration of objectives and also to the integration of the many instruments needed to meet these objectives. It means integration of all relevant policy areas, sectors, and levels of administration. It means integration of the terrestrial and marine components of the target territory, in both time and space.