GLOBE THEATRE THE GLOBE THEATRE GLOBE THEATRE: HISTORY • Globe theatre was built in 1599 • The Globe was a warm-weather theatre as it had a roofless yard. • Performances were held at the Globe Theatre in cases out of side of lent and incase of any outbreaks that may affect the population • There were no toilet facilities. • People relieved themselves outside. GLOBE THEATRE: HISTORY • A coloured flag flew over the Globe on play days to advertise the type of performance • Black- represented a Tragedy • White- represented a comedy • Red- represented a history • Plays were announced by mid afternoon with the sound of the trumpet • Sunlight provided the lighting, while lit torches suggested a night scene. Globe Theatre: History • Plays held there had no intermission so they could end before dark and the audience can return home safely. • Actors on stage had to shout their lines and use exaggerated gestures as to convey meaning. • The Globe theatre burn down on the 29th June 1613 as a result of fire cannon used to introduce Henry VIII . GLOBE THEATRE: DESIGN • The Design of the Globe Theatre was based on the Roman Amphitheatre. • It was twelve metre high, wood-framed walls were joined at angles to form an oval. Globe Theatre: THE STAGE • The rectangular curtainless stage stood from three to five feet above ground so the area beneath, “HELL”, was big enough to hold actors and props. • The stage space accommodated twelve actors at a time. • Part of the stage extended into audience and was surrounded by viewers on three sides, creating greater intimacy between actors and audience. GLOBE THEATRE: THE STAGE • The stage was covered by a roof supported by pillars. • The upstage wall doors led to the actors’ dressing rooms. • The stage had multiple entrances to allow scenes to flow quickly. • The globe theatre could have accommodated up to 3000 audience members. GLOBE THEATRE: PARTS OF THE STAGE • Trap Door- Actors playing supernatural characters could appear and disappear through a trap door on the stage floor. • Winch Tower- Actors could descend to earth from heaven on a winch line • Pit or Yard- The pit or yard was the open- air standing room in from of the stage where the groundlings each put a penny in the gatherer’s box to view the play • Gallery- A small gallery used as a balcony was situated above the stage and reached through the tiring house. GLOBE THEATRE: PARTS OF THE STAGE • Two Penny Galleries- three storeys of thatchedroof galleries supported by pillars protected theatre goers from the rain and the sun. • The Lord’s room- the stage gallery above the stage wall was used by the actors. This viewed was considered to be the best seats in the house. Only the rich and people of a certain social standing would be seen sitting in the soft cushioned seats.. GLOBE THEATRE: PARTS OF THE STAGE • Gentlemen’s rooms- Where the additional seating on the left and right of the Lord’s room and also housed the rich and highly noble men of society in this section • Tiring house- Actors dressing room were called the tiring house. Costumes and props were stored here also. • Hut- a small roofed structured above the tiring house used for storage • The Heavens- The heaven was the area abobe the underside of the stage roof, which was painted sky blue, decorated with stars, sun and a moon and supported by pillars behind which actors hid or eavesdropped Globe Theatre: • http://photosynth.net/view.aspx?cid=ce94750 e-daee-4f14-b558-6ee679b19e57 • http://photosynth.net/view.aspx?cid=668a92 d5-143c-433d-ac3d-ceff4c635934 • http://photosynth.net/view.aspx?cid=2da1f0d 2-2506-41c3-a051-872b79fcb89f GLOBE THEATRE: THE ACTORS • 1590- 1642- there were nearly 20 theatre companies of actors. • Companies included, sharers, apprentices and hired men. • Sharers shared in the company’s profits and expenses and were legally responsible for the company. They selected the plays and performed the main roles. • Hired men included minor actors, musicians, stage managers, wardrobe keepers, prompters and stage hands. GLOBE THEATRE: THE ACTORS • Company apprentices were boys whose voices had not changed and as a result they played the role of women, children and old men GLOBE THEATRE: COSTUMING • Actors during this period wore the current fashion of the time no matter how far back the time period of the play was set.