1. What can the pilgrims in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales tell us about life in Medieval Europe? • It can tell us about social classes, jobs, clothing, interests, battles fought, religious interests, food, and customs. 2. What religion and system of government prevailed in western Europe in 1000? • Roman Catholicism and feudalism prevailed in Western Europe in 1000. 3. Who came from France and conquered England in 1066? • William the Conqueror the Duke of Normandy invaded England in 1066. 4. What actual war is commemorated in the Poem El Cid? • The struggle to recapture Spain and overthrow the Muslims of North Africa. 5. Who called for the Holy Wars, known as Crusades… • The Pope called for the Crusades and various kings, knights and warriors fought against the Muslims in the holy land. 6. What holy city were the Crusades trying to Liberate? Describe… • The holy city was Jerusalem and it was a bloody, deadly battle. 7. What were some of signs of the Church’s power during/after the Crusades • The Church owned and built churches, cathedrals, universities, monasteries among others. 8. Some of the technological advances…where did they come from? • They mainly came from the Muslims that they encountered in the Crusades. 9. Who was Marco Polo and where did he come from? • He was a trader from Venice, Italy. 10. What Asian ruler did Marco Polo work for and what empire did he rule? • Kublai Kahn’s was leader of the Mongol Empire 11. What new military technologies entered Europe from the Mongol and Ottoman Empires? • They were large, lightly armored cavalries and gunpowder 12. What great natural disaster made the fourteenth century disastrous for Europe. • They epidemics of the bubonic plague/Black Death were disastrous. 13. Why was Christopher Columbus searching for a new route to Asia? • The Ottoman Turks captured the Byzantine Empire and closed the land routes to the East.