Bald Eagle Kaleena Kessling Core 2, 3, 4, 5 Haliaeetus leucocephalus Species Statistics • Bird • Weight: – Both male and female: 10-14 pounds • Height – Male: 30 to 34 inches – Female: 35 to 37 inches • Wing Span – Male: 72 to 85 inches – Female: 79 to 90 inches Life Span • Captivity: 30-50 years • Wild: 15-20 years Life Cycle: - Juveniles are brown and white with black beaks (Takes 5 years to mature into adult coloring) - Sexual maturity @ 4/5 years - Mate for life - Lay 2/3 eggs - Male and female incubate eggs for 35 days. - Some migrate when Northern lakes and rivers freeze. Vital Statistics Carnivore Carrion Fish Vital Statistics cont. After the death- bald eagle is eaten by decomposers (Bacteria) and larger scavengers Bald Eagle dies in the wild from: Differences in Sexes Female Male Larger than males Smaller than females Wider/broader beak During incubation period male brings sprigs of conifer branches into the nest Habitat and Ecosystem Helpful Adaptations Keen Eyesight: 4x better than 20/20 Long broad wings Sharp hooked beak Razor sharp talons Unusual Features Eagles do not have vocal cords. But still make high-pitched, shrill squeaking and screeching sounds via the air that passes the bones in their neck. Found in North America (Most of the U.S., Alaska, and parts of Mexico) World Map Range Map Reasons for Endangerment DDT Poisoning Power lines Hunting What is being done? 1. Breeding and nesting programs 2. It is extremely illegal to hunt the Bald Eagle (Big fine$ and prison time) 3. Beak Repair programs What can YOU do? • Adopt an Eagle in your name • Begin a recycling program in my town • Write a letter to President Obama and Alaska Legislatures about passing a law about mandatory clean up of used fishing line.