How I teach grammar and punctuation Susan Ertel Associate Professor Dixie State University Fall 2013 Carefully… Easy on the terms Heavy on the practice and repetition Bloom’s Taxonomy (application/synthesis) Graphics and Mnemonics FANBOYS FISH ID HOT HOT CATS Tic Tac Toe Sentence Chart FANBOYS seven coordinating conjunctions For And Nor But Or Yet So FISH ID six basic comma rules FANBOYS Introductory elements Series He said/She said (direct quote) Interrupter/Insertion Dates and everyday material HOT HOT CATS (transitional words/conjunctive adverbs) However On the other hand Therefore Hence Otherwise Thus Consequently Additionally Then Still Tic Tac Toe Sentence Chart Subject–Verb Test Complete Idea Test Phrase To the theater. No subject or verb Does not stand alone Dependent Clause When he went to the theater. Subject and verb Does not stand alone Independent clause/Simple Sentence He went to the theater. Subject and verb Stands alone Formulas/Patterns IC, FANBOYS IC. IC; IC. IC; transitional, IC. DC, IC. IC DC. Sentence Diagramming Simple diagramming, particularly when teaching modifiers so students can SEE misplaced or dangling modifiers and why they do not fit. I am going to write a paper about sex with Melissa. The waiter brought pancakes to our table drenched in blueberry syrup. Cloze Notes Create handouts where most of the information or structure is present, and then lecture or discuss so that students can add in the pertinent information without having to struggle to write down everything at once. The essay in Cloze note format The bookends represent the _________and ___________paragraphs. The ____________ paragraphs are the “books” of information and evidence which support the thesis. A longer essay would require more “books” or ___________paragraphs. Another image is a hamburger. The buns are the _______________and ____________ paragraphs…. Pronouns in Cloze note format Subject Object Possessive 1st I me my, mine 2nd you you your, yours 3rd he, she, it him, her, it his, her, hers, its The chart would be empty, and the students would fill it in as we discuss. A separate chart would show plural forms. Questions?