Exam Revision Exam questions – peer assessment 1) What were the main characteristics of the East German sports system? 4 marks Answer Four marks for four of: • Financed by the state. • Athletes fully sponsored. • Full time and all expenses paid, in effect making them professional. • It included all the Olympic Sports. • Subsidised by the Soviet Union. • Involved a great deal of sports science. • Institutional use of performance enhancing drugs. 2) How did the Berlin Wall make East Germany a ‘shop window’? 4 marks Answer Four marks for four of: • The Berlin Wall acted as a barrier between East and West or western democracy and communism. • Was part of the Cold War between the USA and USSR which reflected the separation between West Germany and East Germany. • As a ‘shop window’ it allowed the Soviets to show the West their sporting and societal achievements, and the relative success of communism over western democracy. • It only showed what the communists wanted the West to see. • In reality, it was a disproportional distribution of funding, ignoring other needs of the East German community. Mock Exam Preparation • LO – to identify areas for improvement in preparation for the mock exam • LO – to demonstrate knowledge of assessment in A2 Physical Education Unit 3 – Mock Exam • • • • 90 marks 2 hrs to complete the paper Worth 50% of the award 3 sections to the exam: - Short term preparation (GI) - Long term preparation (GI) - Managing Elite Performance (RW) • The exam is a combination of the 3 sections, you are required to apply knowledge and understanding of the sections to longer-based exam questions Managing Elite Performance • Based on last years paper (the first of the new course): - You need good knowledge and understanding of all 3 sections, cross referencing them constantly - Long-answer questions (2x20 mark questions) - Due to longer questions, it means your interpretation of the question needs to be excellent, in order to answer it how the examiner wants you to • Analyse – resolve into its component parts, examine critically • Assess – determine the value of, weigh up • Compare – look for similarities and differences between examples, justify • Define – state the exact meaning • Discuss – explain, then give two sides to the issue • Evaluate – make an appraisal of the worth/effectiveness • Explain – give details about how and why something is so • Outline - give the main features or general principles of a subject Tips • Use up to date examples in your answers to support the points you are making • Always try to explain the science behind any examples • Be specific – identify points (write a short plan), ensure you put a fact on each point • If you find it hard to express yourself, provide an example to support you Exam questions… 1. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the East German sports system. Why have so many countries adopted elements of the DDR system? (10 marks) - Interpret what the examiner wants you to say in your answer - Break it down Part 1… • Discuss– explain, then give two sides to the issue • What are the strengths? • What are the weaknesses? Part 2… • Discuss why so many countries have adopted their system. • Use examples Answer Three marks for three of the strengths: • Funding allowed elite athletes to achieve their potential. • A range of excellent facilities were built to achieve this. • A variety of different sports were developed. • Momentum and hope was offered to the country through success. • Social and scientific advances were made in the development of excellence. • Talent spotting ensured that potential ability was recognised. • Sports schools allowed young people to develop their sports skills. • Spartakiads allowed them to compete at a high level internally. Three marks for the weaknesses: • Performance enhancing drugs were given to improve standards - while endangering life. • These drugs gave their competitors an unfair advantage in open competitions. • Athletes were denied freedom of choice. • Engaged in aspects of sports science at an experimental level, which could have been life-endangering. • Professional and so against the existing amateur code. Reasons for adoption of DDR system: • The East Germans had proved the value of early identification of sporting potential. • East Germany was a centralised society radiating outwards, some States realised the need for central planning and direction. • East Germany showed the value of developing special sports schools to nurture talent. • East Germans established centres of excellence for performance, coaching and administration. • The East Germans maintained a record of the tests and subsequent performances. • DDR had a partnership between sports science and training procedures (but not the performance enhancing drugs element). • DDR financially supported athletes in terms of travel and support while on courses. • East Germany used schools and universities to promote sport with fixed programmes, and professional coaches. Exam Question… 1. Explain the significance of the 2012 Olympic Games in the UK – what is the profit and loss potential involved? (12 marks) - Interpret what the examiner wants you to say in your answer - Break it down Explain – give details about how and why something is so Answer Significance of the 2012 Olympic Games in the UK: • A ‘shop window’ which can display the best of Britain. • A chance to re-generate sport in the UK and improve provision for the future. • A re-generation of rundown parts of London. Profit potential of the 2012 Games: • Huge world television rights. • Commercial advertising of goods and corporations. • Ticket sales for the different events. • Travel and residence profits from spectators. • Future use of facilities. • Encouragement of future visits from first-time tourists. • Sales of goods to visitors and sports goods to performers. Loss potential from the 2012 Games: • Low attendance problems arising from potential terrorism. • Poor or unfinished facilities. • Strikes and other social inconveniencies. • Poor performance from British athletes. • Poor weather or communications. Non-contact • Revise: - Centres of excellence - History and development of elite sport - East German/Australian/USA/British systems - Technical support (Sports Science, advancements) - Sport specific facts and information to support your answers - Work completed with GI – remember – questions are linked together, you need to combine and apply your knowledge across the A2 syllabus!